A.M. Rosenthal, an American journalist, called FGM “the most widespread existing violation of human rights in the world” and proposed the termination of financial subsidies to governments which permit the continuation of this practice. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt: Eradicating a Local Tradition through Global Intervention Strategies"
Download file to see previous pages
Human rights organizations are giving their utmost efforts to have FGM classified as torture. As stated by the legal representative of the women’s refugee project, Nancy Kelly, “Harm that is done to women is seen as a personal, private, or cultural matter. Genital mutilation has not been seen as a type of harm.” Similarly, the Foundation for Women’s Health Research and Development (FORWARD) has portrayed FGM as “a violation of the fundamental human rights of the girl child” and “another form of abuse under the guise of custom and tradition.”
First, FGM is widely viewed to be related to Islam. This is maybe expected, in view of Islam’s obligatory male circumcision and the prevalence of FGM among Muslim societies. Nevertheless, it is imperative to keep in mind that the Quran does not oblige the circumcision of females, that not every Islamic society performs female circumcision, and that a large number of non-Islamic societies do. It has been proposed that ‘religion’ is commonly cited, quite instinctively, as a motivation for practicing FGM. Anthropologist Janice Boddy replied that “the question of what is meant by ‘religion’ remains obscure” and emphasizes that for numerous women “religion is nothing less than their entire way of life; religion and tradition are not merely intertwined, they are one and the same.” Most of the attention and efforts by scholars and advocates has been focused on proving the inadequacy of biblical bases for performing female circumcision. ...
It remains inconclusive when FGM was initially established, but it definitely came before Christianity and Islam. Several contemporary historians argue that female circumcision is a Pharaonic practice, an assumption that is still unconfirmed because early Egyptian writings depict only the circumcision of males.vii FGM is more of a cultural tradition than a religious practice; followers of Islam and Christianity in Egypt’s countryside perform it, whereas their fellow Christians and Muslims in other places refuse to do so. Even in several fully Christian societies, existing evidence indicates, every female endured circumcision. The most widespread type of FGM in Egypt is the total or partial cutting of the labia minora and the clitoris.viii According to the 1995 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), 97% of women aged 15-49 have went through circumcision.ix The roots of the pervasiveness of FGM in Egypt have been identified in the countrywide DHS and evaluated by ethnographic research. Some of the causes are adherence to religious teachings, increasing the sexual satisfaction of males, protecting female celibacy and virginity, and acquiring social approval.x Third, the need for intervention becomes pronounced as FGM continues to be practiced in some societies, like Egypt. It is not surprising to know that numerous medical, moral, and legal problems emerge from FGM. Among feminists and social advocates, fighting FGM is a major policy objective. FGM has a terrible effect: a lot of girls become infected or bleed excessively which eventually causes death. Survivors can experience detrimental health consequences later in life, especially during marriage and pregnancy.xi However, it is reasonable to believe that traditions which are rooted in the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
(“Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt: Eradicating a Local Thesis Proposal”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1395315-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-in-egypt-eradicating-a-local-tradition-through-global-intervention-strategies
(Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt: Eradicating a Local Thesis Proposal)
“Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt: Eradicating a Local Thesis Proposal”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1395315-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-in-egypt-eradicating-a-local-tradition-through-global-intervention-strategies.
Thus in order to evaluate the progress of these banks towards the meeting the desired objective a detailed research into their current operations and management strategies is necessary. One of the major challenges that the Nigerian banks would face is to tailor their operations to enhance their profits and credibility in the market.
187). This act is divided into four different types which include; type I which involves clitoridectomy, Type II which is excision, type III which is infibulation and lastly type IV in which all other harmful procedures to the female genital for reasons that are not medical related.
t faces any bank in the form of lack of inadequate capital for promoting profitable investments, which results in the selling of all its important assets. This is one of the major reasons for initiating acts various cases of frauds by managers and illegal business acts due to
nt” and linked with it also “democracy” are loaded according to the needs of economically powerful states (Lijphart, 1999) which makes interpretation of some tables used by the OECD and other international organizations very difficult. These must be balanced with accounts
at the undergraduate level to have a single modality or strategy by which they would develop the academic competence of students (McKenzie & Schweitzer, 2001). The problem of the study therefore looks at challenge of finding the most effective and efficient way to achieving
This particular essay will focus on analyzing the case of Air Arabia in terms of being able to contribute something not only to the economic status of UAE but also to its people and the environment. Within the low cost airline industry in UAE, flydubai and flynas are two of the closest competitors of Air Arabia
ompanies opt to go with a combination of strategies, such as outsourcing and internal manufacturing just as the case study of VF brands (Pisano & Adams, 2009).
This study will apply the hypothesis that strategic operations strategy is a central ingredient to conducting
But the growing reliance on and utilization of animal resources, that has taken place through the expansion of animal domestication, has implied that the possibilities of disease which were not present, or were unlikely, four or five decades ago are presently widespread (Fano
15 Pages(3750 words)Thesis Proposal
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the thesis proposal on your topic
"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Egypt: Eradicating a Local Tradition through Global Intervention Strategies"
with a personal 20% discount.