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Comparison Between European Central Bank and Federal Reserve Bank - Research Paper Example


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Comparison Between European Central Bank and Federal Reserve Bank

Ideally, they enjoy the monopoly of controlling money supply and can use the money printing policy to manage the financial situation in their currency zones. Monetary Policy Objectives Comparing the two, FED can be described as having multiple objectives, while the ECB has a single mandate. By the Federal Reserve Act, FED is set to handle several compatible goals; price stability is given more emphasis, but employment and low inflation are also given an implicit rank among other economically concerned objectives. The article clause requires that in the process of sustaining a long-run expansion of the money and credit aggregates match up with the nation’s long-run potential to enhance production, it should ensure stable prices, maximum employment, and moderate long-term interest rates to be achieved (Gerdesmeier et al. 13). On the other hand, the Euro system focuses on its single responsibility of maintaining price stability. Signed in the treaty of the functioning of the EU in the Article 127, price stability is given an overriding importance to the employment and the balanced economic growth among the members of the union (“Objective” n.p.). Independence Concerning the level of political influence, ECB is considered free of any intercepts from its union members. This has remained enforced over the years as new member countries joined the union. Probably because each member is a separate nation with its own leadership, directives and economic priorities that need to be handled correctly

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to solve a nation’s problems would affect the others. The level of independence for the Federal system can, however, be termed less rigid, considering that the U.S. Constitution grants Congress the right to coin money and regulate the value of the currency under various demanding circumstances, which can be attributed to the political influence (Gerdesmeier et al. 15). Susceptibility of FED to political whims is high with any changes to the Federal Reserve System’s structure, or organization influenced by the vote of the majority in Congress. In terms of financial independence, each bank as an individual entity has its own budget, but financial needs are met differently: FED is self financing, while ECB’s capital is met by the Euro-area National Central Banks (NCB). Open Market Operations In the production of base money, each central bank uses a traditionally identified distinct process too; ECB employs the produce money and a lend process, while FED prefers the produce money and a purchase method (Bagus n.p.). FED produces money in their computers, uses it to buy U.S. treasuries, and upon exchange creates money through the selling. ECB also creates money, lends it to the banking system for a specified period of time, and then prefers government bonds as the collaterals for the loans. Although they are both able to create the base money, there is a yield of more money supply to sustain the government, but beyond their actual means. Besides money production, they can use these approaches to absorb extra funds into the monetary system. Structure of the Central Banks and Formulation of Monetary Policies EAC’ governing council and FED’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) aid in decision making and formulation of the monetary policies. The structure and organization of the ECB has changed with time, especially as new


Name Finance and Accounting   28 September 2013 Comparison of European Central Bank and Federal Reserve Bank Printing Press The Federal Reserve Bank (FEB) and the European Central Bank (ECB) have the sole power to issue money. They print the money with respect to the national and European zone currencies, for U.S FED in dollars and ECB in Euros respectively…
Comparison Between European Central Bank and Federal Reserve Bank
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