The present paper aims at examining the volatility in the Saudi Arabian petrochemical industry with respect to the domestic stock exchange Tadawul. The target is to examine the investment prospects in the industry and figure out methods of improvising the situation…
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Comparison between markets Returns and Stock Returns of Advanced Petrochemical Company 40 4.1.2 Alujain Corporation 40 Chart 2. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Returns of Alujain Petrochemicals 41 4.1.3 Methanol Chemicals Limited 41 Chart 3. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Returns of Methanol Chemical Company 42 4.1.4 Nama Chemicals Company 43 Chart 4. Comparison between Stock Returns of Nama Chemicals Company and Market Returns 43 4.1.5 National Industrialization Company 44 Chart 5. Comparison between Stock Returns of National Industrialization Company and Market Returns 44 4.1.6 National Petrochemical Company 45 Chart 6. Comparison between Stock Returns of National Petrochemical Company and Market Returns 45 4.1.7 Rabigh Refining and Petrochemicals Company 46 Chart 7. Comparison between Stock Returns of Rabigh Refining and Petrochemical Company and Market Returns 46 4.1.8 Sahara Petrochemicals 47 Chart 8. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Sahara Petrochemical Company 48 4.1.9 Saudi Arabia Fertilizers Company 48 Chart 9. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Saudi Arabia Fertilizers Company 49 4.1.10 Saudi Basic Industries Corporation 49 Chart 10. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Saudi Basic Industries Corporation 50 4.1.11 Saudi Industrial Investment Group 50 Chart 11. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Saudi Industrial Investment Group 51 4.1.12 Saudi International Petrochemical Company 52 Chart 12. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Saudi International Petrochemical Company 52 4.1.13 Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company 53 Chart 13. Comparison between Market Returns and Stock Return of Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Company 53 4.1.14 Arabian...
Saudi Arabia is intrinsically dependent upon petroleum and petrochemical industry for its revenues and income. The nation’s huge oil reserves have assisted it in getting developed as one of the largest producers and exporters of petroleum and petrochemical goods. Precisely, the nation accounts for 20 percent of global petroleum reserves in the world and exports US$ 157.41 billion worth of the fuel. Importance of the sector behind the development of the nation could be well perceived from the fact that it contributes around 75 percent to government budget, 45 percent to the GDP and constitutes of 90 percent of Saudi Arabia’s export earnings (Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, 2009). This high degree of dependence of Saudi Arabia upon its oil reserves bore fruit to the nation during the Arab-Israeli war of 1973 which increased oil prices to a peak thus facilitating the process in which Saudi Arabia became one of the fastest growing economies in the world (U.S. Department of State, 2011). Such instances had been common for Saudi Arabia as it had been for other oil producing nations in the world. However, oil prices are susceptible to high degrees of fluctuations, which is the reason why it is important to assess the extent of volatility that the industry is exposed to.
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This is pursuant to the Modigliani-Miller theory that a firm may seek to maximize profitability by resorting to a higher level of debt financing in order to take advantage of the tax deductibility of interest expenses in relation to this debt. The study gathered data from audited financial statements of ten manufacturing companies operating in Saudi Arabia and publicly listed in the exchange.
So, it is expected that the US petrochemical industry would revive sooner than the other competitors. Furthermore, economic trade group such as NAFTA would contribute further to its growth. Political & Legal Factors The petrochemical industry in USA is governed by several laws and regulations.
Training and development of employees have direct implication on the productivity of the employees. The better trained the employees are the more efficient they become in their work. Planning the Training and development of the employees is a key function of management and has many aspects that must be taken into consideration.
The capital structure of a firm is the relative proportion of borrowed capital in comparison to equity capital. The importance of investigating the implications of the level of debt in the financing of a firm’s operation is of importance because it has direct impact on the cost of capital of the company and therefore on the company’s bottom line.
Saudi Arabia is largely dependent on oil for its revenues. The presence of this very mineral is likely to attract a large amount of investment in the nation. However, in order to venture out to any particular sector, an investor normally takes into consideration the extent to which the respective stock is volatile to market fluctuations.
The author aims at examining the degree of volatility in the average market returns of the petrochemical industry through an estimation of the Security Market Line equation. Furthermore, he attempts to forecast future values that the industry adopts over a span of 6 months between June, 2011 and December, 2011.
The main objective will be to look at enterprise and entrepreneurship as well as how this plays into the ideologies of design education. This can provide deeper insight into the importance it has as well as how it affects other aspects of those who are looking at the framework for study.
Introduction In order to look into the enterprise and entrepreneurship in the context of design education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), several issues of art and design as a multifaceted sphere of human steps should be analysed. First, it must keep in mind that design education should be based on purposeful art and design curricular programmes.
Unlike what prevailed in times past about female education, girls and women in Saudi Arabia today have better chance of accessing progressive education for females in Saudi Arabia. Stakeholders in the educational reform structure for the country have not really come to the level of attainment they estimated for females by the year 2010 .
Many toxic, flammable, hazardous and explosive substances are used in the processing of manufacture and operation at the petrochemical plant. Therefore, it is vital that the management recognizes the risks and hazards and possibly come up with ways through which to minimize the risks.
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