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Australian taxation law - Assignment Example

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[Author] [Manager] [Subject] 28 May 2015 AUSTRALIAN TAXATION LAW 1. The fringe benefits tax liability of Chatswood Pty Ltd for the year ended 31 March 2011, shall be based on the ‘Higher gross-up formula (type 1), which means that the higher gross-up formula was introduced to avoid allowing employers the benefit of GST credits for goods and services purchased for the private use of employees…
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Australian taxation law
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Download file to see previous pages (1+GST rate) ? FBT rate Hence, the following benefits of Paul shall be as follows: Car fringe Benefit $22,500 Entertainment Fringe Benefit $ 2,000 Loan Fringe Benefit $ 8,000 ---------------- Employer’s type 1 aggregate fringe benefits $32,500 amount 46.5% + 10% ------------------------------------------- $32,500 x (1 – 46.5%) ? (1+ 10%) ? 46.5% rate $32,500 ? 2.0647 = $67,102.75 Total Fringe Liability This is the total value of the fringe benefits tax liability of Chatswood Pty Ltd. for the year ended 31 March 2011. For purposes of computation, ‘the FBT year is the 12 months beginning 1 April and ending 31 March. Currently, the FBT rate is 46.5%. A GST of 10% is applied on most goods and services that are supplied in Australia and on goods imported into Australia’2. ‘If an employee receives certain fringe benefits with a total taxable value of more than $1,000 in an FBT year (1 April to 31 March), employer must report the grossed-up taxable value of the benefits on their payment summary for the corresponding income year (1 July to 30 June). This is called the reportable fringe benefits amount’3. Therefore, the Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT) that should be paid by the employer Chatswood Pty Ltd., at the end of the year is $67,102.75. The car fringe benefit, the loan fringe benefit and the entertainment fringe benefit which were granted to Paul by his employer are all entitled to Goods and Services Tax (GST) credit that is available to Chatswood Pty Ltd. However, the $1,000 salary of Paul is not considered as a fringe benefit since there is an imposed tax on the salary which is being paid by the employee. As defined under the Finance Act of 2005: “Fringe Benefits” means any consideration for employment provided by way of: (a)   “any privilege, service, facility or amenity, directly or indirectly, provided by an employer, whether by way of reimbursement or otherwise, to his employees (including former employee or employees) (b)   any free or concessional ticket provided by the employer for private journeys of his employees or their family members;  and (c)    any contribution by the employer to an approved superannuation fund for employees”.4 The total value of all fringe benefits given to a particular employee by his or her employer in an FBT year is known as their individual fringe benefits amount. 2. Peter’s is liable to pay a capital gains tax (CGT) for the sale of the gift shop for the year 2010/2011 based on the following computation: Gross Sale Proceeds from the gift shop: $840,000 Less: Incidental Cost of Disposal : $(60,000) Net Sale Proceeds: $780,000 Less Cost of Asset: $(450,000) Capital Gain: $330,000 Therefore, Peter shall be liable to pay a CGT on his gain amounting to $330,000. ‘Capital gains tax is a tax on the profits which may be made from the sale of capital assets. Only individuals are liable to pay CGT, corporations are not liable to CGT. A liability to pay CGT arises only when a chargeable person makes a chargeable disposal of a chargeable assets’5. Some of chargeable assets include lands and buildings, paintings, jewelry, plant and machinery. However, no CGT shall be imposed on the sale of his main residence as he is entitled to ‘Private Residence Relief’. To qualify for the exemption based on the ‘Private Residenc ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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