Nobody downloaded yet

Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology used to process, Products derived from petroleum, and History - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid which possesses great energy. Mainly, they are found below the earth’s surface in oil reservoirs correlated with sedimentary rocks.  It is inferred that petroleum is originated from animal and plant debris. Further, the energy possesses by petroleum is due to the energy in animal, and plants.  Combination of hydrocarbons with varying quantity of sulfur, nitrogen and oxygen is the major constituent of petroleum…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.3% of users find it useful
Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology used to process, Products derived from petroleum, and History
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology used to process, Products derived from petroleum, and History"

Download file to see previous pages Petroleum powered nearly all conveyances, further it is used to generate electricity, and in making of paints, soaps, plastics, inks, and medicines, etc. Beyond any shadow of doubt today's world in incomplete without petroleum. However, petroleum cannot be used directly as a fuel or chemical producer because of its highly complex nature and presence of poisonous or corrosive impurities. Therefore, it is processed and refined to separate amalgams into simpler fractions that can be used as fuels, lubricants, or chemical producers. Tremendous growth and research is observed in the field of Petroleum due to its wide application, complex formation, structure, and refinement processing (“Petroleum”). Fomation of Petroleum Petroleum is originated from the debris of animal and plant i.e. perpetuated organic material, that’s why it is also known as a fossil fuel. Sea floor (oceanic anoxic events), Oxygen-minimum zones, and anoxic silled basins are the areas where organic material can stockpile ("Petroleum Formation").  It is widely recognized because of low oxygen level organic material gets preserved i.e. prevents degradation. Kerogen (Tucker 262) a waxy substance is formed by the burial diagenesis of organic material. It believes high temperatures (50-80 oC) is enough for developing the sedimented rocks and initiate the production of alkanes and cyclo-alkanes.  Subsequently, petroleum is formed by hydrocarbon pyrolysis on intense temperature and pressure. Oil window is the area, where the probability of petroleum production is highest, ordinally the temperature of the oil window is around 75-120 oC, and it located at a depth of 2-3.5 Km. Once the petroleum is generated, it is shifted to reservoir rocks from where it is collected. Unfortunately, the time required between the rock depositions to oil window, i.e. maturation period is not sorted out yet. However, generally it takes million of years. Among several factors behind petroleum generation, it believes that the significant quantity of oil may generate if burial time is huge even temperature is lower than required. For example, Paleozoic basins give rise to significant oil at 50 degrees Celsius while 115 oC are required for oil production via the younger Mio-Pliocene basins at nearly the identical burial depth. In addition to, it is observed that Paleozoic source rocks developed during the Cretaceous times, due to large tectonic activity occurring (Tissot, and Welte 699). Composition of Petroleum Hydrocarbon, non-hydrocarbon (S, O, N, etc.), organometallic compounds and inorganic salts are the constituent of petroleum ("Petroleum composition"). Hydrocarbon: Principal constituent of petroleum is the hydrocarbon; closely all types of hydrocarbon are present in petroleum. Alkenes and alkyne are the only two hydrocarbons which are not present in petroleum. Following is the major classes of hydrocarbons present in petroleum. 1. Alkanes It is saturated hydrocarbon and also recognized as paraffins.  Generally, alkanes are symbolized by a formula CnH2n+2. It is present in a dissolved state within the petroleum. 2. Cycloparaffins It is saturated hydrocarbon and also known as napthenes, present in crude oil. However, its ratio is dependent on the type of petroleum. The lower members of naphthenes are cyclopentane, cyclohexane, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology used to Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1423159-petroleum-chemical-composition-formation
(Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology Used to Research Paper)
“Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology Used to Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1423159-petroleum-chemical-composition-formation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Helth, Safety and Environment in the Petroleum Industry
It can be noted in this regard that the rapid development of petroleum industry has evidently increased the concern of health, safety and environment in the business practices being related with several risks. Furthermore, with repeated occurrences of job-oriented accidents and injuries at workplace, the consideration for sound working practices in petroleum organisations have increased considerably.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
In order to increase the permeability of one of the wells in Wytch Farm Oil Field, a horizontal well was developed. The development (particularly completion) of horizontal wells is usually associated with formation damage. In this research, the occurrence of formation damage in well-11 in Wytch Farm Oil Field in the United Kingdom is studied.
18 Pages(4500 words)Research Paper
Ethanol vs methanol as gasoline supplement
The volatility of a hydrocarbon determines the type that is going to be used in the manufacture of gasoline. Crude oil needs distillation and refining to make gasoline because crude petroleum comprises of hydrocarbons more or less volatile than gasoline. Gasoline is made up hydrocarbons molecules hydrogen and oxygen and carbon that can be oxidized to form water and carbon dioxide.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Fracturing in petroleum engineering
Fracturing stimulates oil production by opening up (fracturing) rocks containing oil and maintaining them in the fractured position. In doing so, oil freely flows into the oil well where it is pumped out for purification and consequent use. Hydraulic fracturing, which uses fluids under pressure to propagate and form fractures in the rock formation, seems to be the main form of fracturing in petroleum engineering.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Petroleum: An Analysis and Critical History
The role of the industry in its social, economic, and political setting………....4 IV. Domestic and international ethics………………………………………………………..……6 V. Ecological and natural resources………………………………………………..………….……8 VI.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Corporate Communication of the British Petroleum Company
FARMA Limited combines the best values of entrepreneurship, business ethics, and strict acquiescence with current Good Manufacturing Practices. The researcher focuses on describing corporate communication of the company, it's crisis strategies, mission statement and analysis of media relations and public image presented to the world.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Chemical Process Industries
The predominant skill for this assignment is comprehension and retention. As the work cannot be plagiarized, my brain processes the information and shows it through my own words. The
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Non-Market Analysis of British Petroleum (BP)
British Petroleum Plc (BP), a leading energy company, is facing these days a non market happening of oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In order to understand theses impacts of non- market
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
British Petroleum
Secondly, the research paper will analyse how the company handled the oil spill at the Gulf of Mexico from the communication perspective. Thirdly, the research paper will put forward
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Petroleum - Chemical Composition, Formation, Technology used to process, Products derived from petroleum, and History for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us