Nobody downloaded yet

Criminology - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Running Head: CRIMINOLOGY: STRAIN VS. GENETICS Criminology: Strain Theory Vs. Genetic Theory Instructor Date Criminology: Strain Theory Vs. Genetic Theory Introduction: One of the most groundbreaking theories of the twentieth century was the development of the concept that stressful circumstances from both the social and personal environment of a human being can create a criminal, or is at least a strong precursor of one…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Criminology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Criminology"

Download file to see previous pages Later Robert King Merton seized on this idea of anomie and further refined it into what we now know as Strain Theory. (Featherstone, 2003) This and other theories of criminology such a labeling, which is stereotyping someone with criminal behavior, all depend on environmental factors alone. However there is another side that is overlooked by environmental theories and that is the nature of the person involved in criminal behavior. This is the consummate debate between Nature versus Nurture. Do Criminals have an innate imprint from birth that lead them astray or are they created as a result of their environment? This paper will explore both sides of this issue, singling out strain theory as the environmental factor, and researching the genetic side, the innate behavior in human beings and its influence on behavior. Environmental Influence: Strain Theory This strain begins in early adulthood and adolescence, as children are exposed to the environment of everyday living. Those in poorer circumstance with less opportunity to achieve the goals they see presented in the media are often frustrated and anxiety ridden. "The social strain theory of delinquency is based on the idea that delinquency results when individuals are unable to achieve their goals through legitimate channels." (Sullivan & Wilson, 1995 p. 1) The most obvious example of this is the "Gangsta" culture that is often promoted on many levels as the way that those without the legitimate means may attain those goals. But this is nothing new, the deification of criminals certainly has been a recurring theme throughout history and the romanticizing of their crimes leads to an unrealistic portrayal of possibilities for the maturing adolescent. One of the earliest strains in the life of a juvenile is the search for legitimate employment. Again, dependent on circumstantial variables of education and cultural jobs may be difficult to find and lead to feeling of persecution and prejudice: Sociological accounts often note that delinquency is an invention of western industrialized society and the separation of childhood from the adult world of work. As job security becomes more precarious in western economies, and as adult unemployment linked to school failure becomes more common, the lasting significance of the counterschool subculture of delinquency in the life course may become more salient for some adults. (Hagan, 1997, p. 121) This "counterschool subculture" is perhaps one of the most deleterious results of the social strain concept. Difficulties in school are often one of the benchmarks of the evolving delinquent. First seen as the failure of the child or parent and then of the school system, these children often have no recourse but to find alternate means of attaining status and capital. "Several theories emphasize how stress or strain can motivate criminal behavior so strongly that possible constraints are ignored. Therefore age and crime may be related because many potential stresses or strains are age-linked." (Tittle & Grasmick, 1997, p. 321) On the microcosmic level of the young adult this can have many differing ramifications. An unsettling home environment often precipitates failure in school and exposure to abuse or neglect is often present in these conditions. These strains ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Criminology Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1420693-criminology
(Criminology Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1420693-criminology.
“Criminology Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1420693-criminology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
CRIMINOLOGY
...?CRIMINOLOGY Module Module ID: Introduction: The present paper aims to explore the male rape crime committed on a French-Swiss youth of 15 years during his tour to the state-country of Dubai at the hands of three native rapists in July last year (Walt, 2007). The main reason behind selecting the male rape in an ethnically prejudiced country is not only to unveil the motivation behind committing such a heinous crime in a land that claims to be the haven for the European tourists, but also to reveal the violation of human rights aptly exercised in the purported modern states of the world. The Asian and African states blame the USA, Australia and Europe for creating a single mother society by allowing unchecked and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
CRIMINOLOGY
...that allowed for a model based on 'shared values'. In the contemporary world, multicultural diversity makes a 'shared values' position difficult to establish. Conflict Theory and Functionalism have both been influential as models of explanation for criminology. Conflict theory is focused on examining the basic material conditions of society, and in turn, the power relations that reinforce and legitimate these conditions. As there is a high incidence or correlation between poverty and crime, social conflict theory goes far as an interpretive model. However, there are many exceptions to the rule on this front. It is a basic fact that there are other variables to consider, as all poor people do not commit crimes....
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Criminology
...?Word count 1304 Order # 537938 d 21st May Criminology Part Essay on ’Marginalization and criminalization in the opinion of critical criminologists” The marginalization and criminalization are inter related as the former may result in the latter in some cases. The marginalization means the social process of making some specific group of people marginal from participating in any social activity or organization etc. According to critical criminologists, marginalization implies about the process of getting discriminated on some ground compared to other sections of the society. The critical criminologists believe that the marginalization and criminalization are highly integrated with each other. This may affect the mental state... Publication,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Criminology
...Introduction Criminology is an area of investigation that explains crime from an empirical or scientific perspective. Those conducting research in this field focus on crime, how people commit crime, why they commit crime and the resulting outcomes of crime. This papers will investigate the two key criminology schools of thought (positivist and classical), their perspectives and views of human nature, justice and reason for sentencing crime suspect. The discussion will also outline the profound differences and similarities between the two schools of thoughts. Discussion The key ideological disparity between positivist theorists and classical theorists is how the two categories differentiate how some...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Criminology
... downside of his approach to crime is that his approach is quite determinist in nature, this means that he has credited early human experience as the cause of adulthood behavior and have eradicated the thought that individuals have the ability to determine their own behavior (Kastenbaum, 2000, p.174). References Kastenbaum, R. (2000). The psychology of death (3rd. ed.). New York: Springer. Siegel, L. J. (2011). Criminology: the core (4th ed.). Australia: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning. Sorokin, P. A. (2002). The ways and power of love: types, factors, and techniques of moral transformation (Timeless classic pbk. ed.). Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press.... Psychological and Biological Theories of Crime Psychological and Biological Theories...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Criminology . Critical criminology
... criminality: The Representation of Crime in the Mass Media. media made criminality. Print. [Online] Available at: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CDwQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.oup.co.uk%2Fpdf%2Fbt%2Fmaguire%2Fch12.pdf&ei=kwqjUemNNueO0AXOnYGQDA&usg=AFQjCNG0hObmU1NvPhOKhlQ-BxTeo3qNjw&sig2=qF-NIiSBzlQZ6Jkdd5b1YA&bvm=bv.47008514,d.d2k [Accessed 27/05/2013] Wilson, D and O'Sullivan, S (2005) ' Re-theorizing the penal reform functions of the prison film.' pp. 471-491 in Theoretical Criminology Vol. 9, No. 4.... Critical analysis of prison films revolves around two elements first being the graphic exploitation of violence and sexual assault in prison films which are predominantly depicted voyeuristically thus...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Criminology
...NANNY A Nanny is on that uses excessive controls, be they regulations or laws, to restrict its citizens’ freedom of choice. This isa criminological theory which suggests that crimes are defined as those that an elite believes to be wrong but which may not have much popular support. It is not based on natural law or on democracy; it is a kind technocratic theory of what is criminal or not. It believes that it knows best and that citizens should follow its centralized morality. This morality is often based on warped sociological or academic data and is enlisted in the name of utilitarianism. Of course, there is a general societal consensus that certain things are wrong and should be discouraged or criminalized, but for proponents... A Nanny is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Criminology
...13 October Criminology Yes, the Canadian police should be more proactive. A potentialway to increase the proactivity of the Canadian police is decentralization. This would not only make the Canadian police more preventative, bit would also enhance their efficiency in responding to the matters of varying severity and complexity. Flattening of the police department’s structure causes compression of the structure’s rank and shedding of the bureaucracy’s layers, thus making the time of communication as well as the processes of decision-making more efficient. The impact of increased proactivity of the Canadian police would be great and would enhance the efficiency of the Canadian police. The biggest threat to the national...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Criminology
...Criminological Theories al Affiliation Criminological Theories Introduction The main roles of criminological theories are to help one gain an understanding of criminal justice and crime. The theories cover the breaking and making of the law, deviant and criminal behavior, as well as criminal activity patterns. Individual theories may be either micro or macro. Theories can be used to test and guide policies on a number of criteria including; scope, clarity, testability, parsimony, empirical validity and practical usefulness. Social disorganization theory The Social disorganization theory, in sociology, is considered one of the critical theories that relate to ecological theories that the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
Criminology
...Criminology Aggravated assault is among the most common type of crime in American cities. Aggravated assault refers to violent crimes often involving the use of deadly weapon to cause bodily harm to another person. Aggravate assaults vary from the violent attack on an individual to the use of such dangerous weapons as guns, knives and axes among others to cause bodily injury. According to a crime statistic developed in 2012, Detroit recorded the highest number of aggravated crimes followed by Memphis and St Luis respectively. Among the demographic factors that contribute to the rise of such crimes in the cities, include the population density in the cities, level of education and unemployment rates (Baltic, 2011). Other...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Criminology for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us