Nobody downloaded yet

Marx and Habermas - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
A belief or theory may produce successful predictions, as in the case of Newtonian mechanics,and yet not be true;that is,rationally justifiable in the long run.Indeed,Thomas Kuhn's study of scientific revolutions,which Habermas cites,indicates that the most basic propositions of a scientific theory are worked out in advance of evidential confirmation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
Marx and Habermas
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Marx and Habermas"

Download file to see previous pages A belief or theory may produce successful predictions, as in the case of Newtonian mechanics, and yet not be true; that is, rationally justifiable in the long run. Indeed, Thomas Kuhn's study of scientific revolutions, which Habermas cites, indicates that the most basic propositions of a scientific theory are worked out in advance of evidential confirmationThis happens in conversations between scientists about what counts as a pressing problem, how such a problem ought to be conceptualized, and so forth. Such propositions are irreducible to empirical predictions. For it is only when they are taken in combination with one another that they yield testable hypotheses. Consequently, their truth would have to be captured in terms of an ideal consensus. Thus, true propositions are those which anyone would agree to in the long run, given sufficient time for rational reflection. (Deborah 2004) The fact that scientific truth presupposes the existence of a communicative community leads Habermas to consider the categorical framework in which intersubjective meaning, value and validity are constituted. It is obvious how predictive science is related to the context of instrumental action. (Allen, 2009) It is also obvious that the anthropological usefulness and transcendental validity of science resides in its successful satisfaction of a technical interest. However, it is unclear what, if any, interest is satisfied by communication. Equally unclear is the relationship between communication and those sciences of man associated with history, literature, cultural anthropology, etc. Nevertheless, Habermas will argue that the kind of textual interpretation preferred by these sciences is essentially related to communication. The latter, in turn, will be shown to satisfy a practical interest in procuring intersubjective agreement, regarding shared norms and values. This is a necessary condition, not only for the creation and maintenance of personal and social identity, but also for the achievement of individual freedom. Peirce provided the necessary link connecting the logic of causal explanation to Marx's notion of labor as an activity underlying self-realization and world constitution. (Moore and Robin, 1964) Dilthey provides a similar link connecting communication and symbolic understanding to Hegel's master-slave dialectic. This dialectic shows how one's identity is defined and confirmed through recognition by other. For Dilthey, this dialectic is as essential to the methodological grounding of history, philology, and literary criticism-sciences concerned with understanding the spiritual life of humankind—as causal explanation is to the methodological grounding of the natural sciences. The method of understanding grounding the human sciences is none other than the circular interpretation of textual wholes in terms of their parts, and the interpretation of these parts in terms of more inclusive wholes. This circular dialectic also encompasses the interpreter. The interpreter is responsible for much of the meaning contained in the text. At the same time, the text is responsible for opening up new meaning for the interpreter. Stated somewhat paradoxically, text and interpreter mutually constitute one another as meaningful identities. This activity of symbolic reproduction, Habermas will argue, is capable of advancing moral knowledge. Yet, it can do so only to the extent that the dialectic between text and interpreter assumes the form of a simulated dialogue. (Habermas, 1872) According to Dilthey, the understanding of the past, or the interpretation of an ancient text, is an elaboration of the sort of retrospective self interpretation that an individual continually engages in, while reconstituting the continuity of his or her life history--the very substance of one's unique identity. (Hodges. 1944) To begin with, the generation and maintenance of a stable, personal identity involves assigning one's ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Marx and Habermas Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Marx and Habermas Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
“Marx and Habermas Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Karl marx

...16 May Karl Marx – Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon Written and published in the year 1852, the Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis NapoleonBonaparte by Karl Marx was originally found in the New York based ‘Die Revolution’. It was a monologue written by Marx on the political and historical opinions that he contained with respect to the growing age under Bonaparte and his military coup d’etat. It is the basis for comprehending the theory of what a capitalist state was, written on the basis of English politics by Marx. The main objective of the writing composition was to help the world understand the kind of hardships that the various (lower) classes in France were...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Habermas the Public Sphere

...? Habermas the Public Sphere The public sphere is a social area where people get together and discuss problems that affect them intheir society. In other words, it is a site where public opinion is formed. These discussions are usually meant to influence or stir political action to address the problems. The views that are given in the public sphere are usually subject to critical reasoning from other participants. Participation in these public spheres is, apparently, open to all provided that the views given are aimed at a general agreement. The public sphere is also characterized by freedom to either listen or speak (Calhoun, 1992, p. 1-13). According to many political theorists, the public sphere is an important entity...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Marx the breakdown of feudal societies and introduction of new system of production namely capitalism (Tucker, 3-6). Communal land was subdivided into segments and each piece was owned by an individual (a system of private land ownership). Industries were also introduced which saw the emergence of paid or wage labor and new classes of capitalists and workers. This system of production was much criticized by Marx in his writings, especially A critique of the political economy. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the importance of labor and labor process to capitalist mode of production and determine why and in what ways the capitalist mode of production is antagonistic despite the great importance attached to labor. It...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Habermas Political Philosophy

...What is dis ethics Dis ethics, also knows as argumentative ethics, is a type of argument that is needed to set up normative and/or ethical facts through the dissection of the presuppositions of discourse. There are two major school of thought in this line, i.e. both from German philosophers. One is Jurgen Habermas and the other is Karl-Otto Apel. These great philosopher have been attributed with the laurels of inventing the modern discourse ethics theory Jurger Habermas has thrown up the theory of discourse ethics with main pillars of thought (i) it is fundamental principle is based on the need to participate in argumentation for testing the soundness of any given norm, and (ii) it changes the categorical imperative of Kant... to a...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Habermas Theory of Public Sphere

...HABERMAS' THEORY OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE 'The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere' was written in 1962 by Jrgen Habermas and is one of his most influential works. In this book, Habermas explains the process whereby the public and private spheres were separated one from another. As a member of the Frankfurt School (although its members had very different approaches), he took the Enlightenment as a turning point. This period took place throughout the eighteenth century, until the outbreak of the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution, and it was based in the reason as the main source for progress. During this period, society underwent from a feudal system to the rise of the bourgeoisie, and then of liberalism... and the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review


...Ludwig Feuerbach was one of the philosophers that made an impact on Marx’s philosophy in its early period, contributing to creating the foundation for later Marxist thought, in terms of explaining the concept of alienation for a materialistic, rather than spiritual approach. In his main work, “The Essence of Christianity”, Feurbach explains religion and the creation of God in anthropological terms: the religious God has been created by man as an outward projection of the mankind’s own needs of a better, positive self image, an image of qualities that man realizes he does not always possess. This is why the Christian God, the Jewish God, Buddha or any African God, for example, are wise, just and powerful1. All of man’s...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Leadership Approach of Habermas

...Leadership Approach of Habermas Introduction There are all together eight leadership theories that comprise of all the factors that are helpful in making a good leader. The leadership approach gained interest in the earlier years of twentieth century and then it became more categorized and systematic. Earlier, the leadership theories had their focus on the qualities which showed the difference between a leader and a follower but gradually with the passage of time the focus shifted to the variable factors like the situations, skill level, etc. The eight major theories of leadership which are presently in practice are discussed below. The main subject matter of the Great Man theory is that the leaders have inherent...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay


...Alienation and Social es The key quote that captures the meaning of this reading is “the worker is related to his labor as to an alien object” (Grusky, 2008, p. 87). This quote helps to bring out the main concept of the reading, which is that the worker is related to the product of his labor as an alien object. This alienation of worker to his product means that his labor becomes an object that assumes an eternal existence, independently outside him. It also means that his products become alien to him standing opposed to him like an autonomous power (Marx, 1978). The main concept of this reading is that in addition to labor creating goods, it also produces itself and the worker as a commodity. The proportion in which...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Alienation from the products of ones labor This means that the worker has no information on how the product is designed or produced and such information, which is shielded from them by the capitalist class. “Now, therefore, we have to grasp the intrinsic connection between private property, greed, the separation of labor, capital and landed property; the connection of exchange and competition, of value and the devaluation of man, of monopoly and competition, etc. the connection between this whole estrangement and the money system.” (Marx) “The worker becomes all the poorer the more wealth he produces, the more his production increases in power and size.” As depicted by the above extracts from the article, it is...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay


...Due Marxist Philosophy: The Dialectical Process Having found his inspiration in Hegel, to whomthe notion of the dialectical process is credited, Marx basically incorporated the former’s ideas to fit into his materialistic scheme of reality, in effect, ending up with a hybrid philosophy, thus, the resultant Marxist dialectical materialism. Hegel’s dialectic constructs, though, were built on an idealistic foundation of the human state of mind; that is, humanity’s evolutionary advancements has been to the very best been driven by the conflicting ideas of the mind, that often times results into new ideas. Like Hegel, therefore, Marx dialectical materialism perceives human progress as an upward spiral...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Marx and Habermas for FREE!

Contact Us