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Nicaraguan War: Sandinistas Vs. Contras (1981-1990) - Research Paper Example

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The Nicaraguan Revolution (1981-1990) in Central America became an important front in the Cold War proxy struggles in the late 1970s, and was one of several areas in the war that was particularly tumultuous. …
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Nicaraguan War: Sandinistas Vs. Contras (1981-1990)
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"Nicaraguan War: Sandinistas Vs. Contras (1981-1990)"

Download file to see previous pages The Sandinistas aligned Nicaragua with Cuba and the Soviet bloc, a stark contrast from the former regime’s relations with the United States. This alignment, along with a continuous supply of weapons flowing across the border to communist rebels in El Salvador, provoked several forms of US action (Chiet). The significance of this period of the period of revolution and civil war in Nicaragua from 1981 through 1990 is observed in President Reagan’s lobbying for action. In 1983, Reagan stated: "There can be no question: the security of all the Americas is at stake in Central America. If we cannot defend ourselves there, we cannot expect to prevail elsewhere." For Reagan, there were four goals in Nicaragua. The first was to push for democratic development, fair elections, and human freedom. Second was an economic recovery and development as a response to the digressions made by revolutionaries. Third was to establish security for America and its allies against Cuba and the Soviet Bloc, and the fourth and final goal was to support dialogue and negotiation within and between Central American countries in order to resolve problems. For Nicaraguans, it was a matter of preserving an old lifestyle or embracing a new one, which quickly deteriorated into a matter of life and death. Furthermore, the new Nicaraguan government had the capacity to encourage coups in neighboring nations destabilizing the region. ...
As a result of the earthquake, foreign aid was poured into the country, and Somoza declared emergency powers. However, these powers were used to claim and pocket a significant amount of the foreign aid, adding Somoza’s personal wealth. Violence erupted between Somoza’s ruling party and the opposing Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) that sought to terrorize and depose Somoza. This conflict continued with sporadic violence between the state and the resistance until 1979, when the Sandinistas established control over Nicaragua (Chiet). The revolution beginning in 1981 was a result of the formation of the Nicaraguan Democratic Force (FDN), a counterrevolutionary group that the Sandinistas referred to as the Contras. As early as 1979, disorganized groups of peasants in the Nicaraguan highlands began to resist the social policies implemented by Sandinista agents coming from the Pacific lowlands (Brown 13). The more official Contra force, the FDN itself, was formed later on by resistant peasants as well as local tribesmen and many former soldiers of the Somoza era. Also joining these groups were Catholics and Protestants, whose religion was opposed by the Sandinistas. American support for the FDN began when only 2,000 fighters had assembled. However, by 1983 that number was closer to 6,000 (Chiet). US support for the Contras varied over the years, but usually came in the form of foreign aid. Congress continually disapproved of the Reagan administration’s initiative on funding the Contras, and passed several laws prohibiting funding of any actions that supported the toppling of the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. The administration and the CIA, however, began funneling private funds, arms from an Iranian businessman, as ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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