We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Literature review - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Hospital care facilities are constantly searching for ways to minimize the spreading of diseases between patients while they are being treated. A search was conducted to find literature that reported findings from studies on in-patient diseases and their contraction rates between patients…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Literature review
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Literature review

Download file to see previous pages... Studies where there was no MRSA screening were also excluded because these studies did not offer the information needed to address the major goal of this review. In addition, studies where MRSA infection was not confirmed by microbiologic techniques were excluded because this review was designed to study only patients that were confirmed to carry the infection after both screening and microbiologic techniques. Based on the findings from the cases in the literature, the broad problem was that too many patients are transmitting Methicillin resistant Staph aureus in ICU. Specifically, the literature aimed to provide evidence for the question, “Would the high transmission rate decrease if screening in adult patients was conducted upon admittance to the ICU unit as opposed to not screening?” This problem is important to pursue because it affected patient outcomes including the length of stay and complications from other illnesses. This problem also had a potential impact on the quality of treatment due to overcrowding and understaffing. The costs were also affected since the hospital was forced to use more money for testing, medicine, and housing patients. Finally, the access to needed medications was limited, and ordering caused further delays. For the purposes of this study, the patients in each case study were limited to adults who were admitted to the ICU section. Children were not included in any of the studies regarding MRSA, and patients in other sections of the facility were also excluded. The following review placed eleven case studies into discussion, focusing on the interventions, comparisons, and outcomes of the studies. Each study included a report on the interventions used for that study, with interesting results from each case study. Clancy, Grepler, Wilson, Douglas, Johnson, and Price (2006), used swab samples which were obtained upon admission to ICUs and weekly thereafter patients who tested positive from nasal or clinical specimens were placed in contact isolation, even after readmission DNA fragments were analyzed for similarity of banding PFGE patterns. Dalla Valle, Pasca, De Vitis, Marzani, Emmi, and Marone (2009), also gathered swab samples, although they obtained the samples upon admission and twice-weekly thereafter. Patients who screened positive received isolation and/or antibiotic or colonization therapy. Honda, Krauss, Coopersmith, Kollef, Richmond, Fraser, and Warren (2010), conducted nasal screening, and had the patients who screened positive had contact precautions implemented with no antibiotic or colonization therapy. Clancy and Dalla Valle would have probably described Honda’s practice as irresponsible since antibiotics were not administered and patients were not relocated to a secluded area. This made the study ineffective, because there was no way to prevent the spread of MRSA between patients in the ICU. Other case studies that used the swab method included Lucet, Paoletti, Lolom, Paugam-Burtz, Trouillet, Timsit, Deblangy, Andremont, and Regnier (2005) used nasal swabs to obtain within 24 hours at admission and weekly thereafter. Although once a week was a consistent testing window, the case study probably would have generated far stronger results if testing had been conducted at lease twice a week. Contact precautions were implemented in MRSA positive patients. Another method used to determine MRSA was the standard culture method. Cunningham, Jenks, Northwood, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Literature review
As a result of the prevailing dynamism in the present world, managing the organizational administration has grown up to be a complex phenomenon and this complexity has been immensely impacted by rapid changes in the environment. The environmental changes are again stimulated by both internal and external forces as well (Getahun, 2003).
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Literature Review
The assessment of the psychiatric condition of a child starts by first getting the mental history of the child preferably by interviewing the parent or the child. Different psychological disorders affect people in different ages. The people affected by the psychological disorders face many hardships in their daily lives.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Literature review
This review will also illustrate how the theory degrades and undervalues women. The idea that resulted to the Muted Group theory was formulated by Edwin Ardener (Griffin, 1991). Edwin Adener was a social philanthropist who wrote a book titled "Belief and the Problem of Women" in which he stated that the ethnographers were wrong in claiming that they understood women when all their research was done on men and not women.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Literature Review
Bardot Sandrine is an author of various publications in the world of economics. She has written an article titled Emiratisation and Compensation & Benefits. Here, she focuses on the methods that organizations and companies can apply with the aim of improving lives through Emiratisation.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
LITERATURE REVIEW
To eradicate the vice, it is important for policy makers to decipher major factors that attract an increasing number of people to use and deal with the illegal substances. Moreover, rehabilitation of the convicted persons and
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Literature Review
Several drugs have been considered illegal and present harmful effects to the societal members. Marijuana, cocaine and heroin have been the key sources of crime within the societal
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Literature review
The authors have used research to substantiate their results and empirical evidence is presented. The authors have also used relevant theories and framework in
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Literature review
The limitation of the article though, is that it is unable to answer whether providing employees with benefits is the sole answer to solving the fundamental employee-organization cooperation problem. The purpose of
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Literature Review
The other aims include preservation of the minority groups’ cultural and linguistic heritage and enabling the English speakers to learn new languages such as Spanish and French.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Literature Review
Existing literature suggests lack of adherence to existing guidelines on management of hypertension. Blood pressure cut offs are recommended by JNC-7 as bases for diagnosing hypertension and failure to
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Literature review for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us