The term, prescription drug abuse refers to the situation where there is drug intake without the prescription or in the other case, taking it in for different reasons or dosages other than the prescribed ones…
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As far as the statistical figures are concerned, it is a grave situation and a growing problem. (Karla, 30) Experts still haven’t been able to figure out the actual reason behind this kind of drug abuse. The two likely possibilities may be that doctors prescribe more medicines for their patients than is actually required; secondly online purchase of medicines has made it easier and convenient for people to buy drugs especially for teenagers. Where some pharmacies follow the legitimate path and do not provide medicines without prescription, however some pharmacies distribute drugs without proper prescription, validation and verification making the drugs more approachable hence contributing towards this growing issue. Drug abuse does not only lead to addiction and instability it can also give rise to harmful chemical reactions which can occur in the body due to medicine intake in inappropriate quantity. To avoid this, all prescriptions should be obtained from one pharmacy so that minimum risk is involved secondly using others prescription should be strictly avoided even in cases of similar condition. (Jeremy, 25)
Effects of Prescription Drug Abuse
Prescription drug abuse affects different parts of the body which includes body, brain and physical appearance of the individual who is involved in drug abuse.
Effects on Brain and Body
The drugs that are directly related to the problem of drug abuse are opioids, CNS (central nervous system) stimulants depressants that are most commonly used to pacify and ease the nervous system in case of anxiety.
Opioids are drugs that are used to relieve pain of both moderate as well as severe level. OxyContin and Vicodin fall in the category of opioids; these medicines attach themselves to the brain and body cells particularly the ones in the spinal cord, brain area and gastrointestinal zone making them numb so that the pain awareness is obstructed. These drugs can also raise the level of dope in the brain which gives a feeling of immense pleasure and in other cases where it is snorted by the abusers, intensifies the feeling of euphoria which can lead to severe medical consequences which includes nausea which consequently leads to vomiting, mood swings, decrease in the activities of brain, seizures, coma and numbness. Combination of opioids with alcohol and other CNS depressants can further aggravate the situation. (Rod, 56) Central nervous system depressants as the name indicates is used to treat anxiety, insomnia, feeling of fear or panic, severe stress responses and seizures. The medicines that lie in this category are Valium, Xanax and Librium; they act directly on GABA, an acid which is present in the brain. GABA in turn retards the brain activity to some extent which is exactly why it is used to deal with problems of anxiety and sleep disorders. It pacifies the brain activity due to which the patients experience a soothing effect and drowsiness. However if this medicine is used in inappropriate amount and special care is not taken during its use can result in respiratory seizure which ultimately leads to death. Not only the abuse or overdose of depressants result in severe
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I. Understanding of the problem A . Studies proved that drug users start young. 1 .Drug Abuse in America reported 15.9 million youth users 2. The USDA confirms that youth starts to use drugs at age 15 3. Galigher, Paul that drug use is also prevalent in adults and problem of drug addiction cannot be solved.
The criminal tends to cause harm to the society in any way. It is something that is beyond the criminal’s individualistic self, and his/her act has social consequences. Contrary to a criminal, a drug abuser causes harm to nobody else but his/her own self.
The general conclusions and propositions are an indication that quantitative research was also done in order to support the facts in this report. Informed assertions, is the knowledge one gets through observation of the events around them. This was also employed in the report to relate what the reader knows to what the author is explaining.
Not only are teenagers abusing illegal drugs, but they are also misusing prescription drugs that have been given to them or to friends or family members by a medical professional. Studies show that one out of every nine teenagers abuses prescription medications (Brisher, 2012) while a staggering 25% have used illicit drugs in the past year (Brisher).
This discussion explores the societal, medical, and psychological theories of drug abuse and the perceptions of the society towards the use of alcohol and prescription drugs.
Sociological theories explain the causes of drug abuse to be societal with economic, social,
These researchers further concentrate on providing information concerning the withdrawal aspect related to drug addiction. Most of these approaches translate to focusing on attempts to blocking addiction. There have been varied opinions from scholars on the efficacy of substance abuse treatment programs to reducing offending in the society.
In order to resists temptations and cope with addiction people often need professional help. It is the reason why there is a well-developed network of social organizations and community services which help people to
Drug abuse in America has attracted a global attention because the number of drug abusers and the abused drugs keeps increasing year after year (Swartz 24). There is a need to commiserate the causes of drug
The society today is poisoned with all sorts of banned substances that end up in the custody of juveniles in one way or the other, who end up consuming them inappropriately thereby putting their lives on the line, as well as clouding the future of the society as a whole. One in every three juveniles in America has had contact with drugs.
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