Free

Mad Cow Disease - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Madcow Disease Disease Mad cow disease is a fatal disease of the brain that is incurable and affects mainly cattle and other animals like sheep and goat (Wisniewski, 2005). It is the common name for bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE because the disease affects the nervous system of the cow making it act strangely and lose control to do normal things like walking…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.4% of users find it useful
Mad Cow Disease
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Mad Cow Disease"

Until 2009, only about 219 cases of the disease have been reported worldwide, most of which have occurred in Britain. The first case of BSE was detected in United States in December 2003 (Wisniewski, 2005). The previous occurrence in the world was seen in 1980s when there was was an epidemic in Great Britain and other European countries. People living in areas affected by the epidemic are not allowed to donate blood or organs. The first infections in cattle probably occurred in 1970s (CDC, 2011). According to CDC (2011), "there exists strong epidemiologic and laboratory evidence for a causal association between a new human prion disease called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) that was first reported from the United Kingdom in 1996 and the BSE outbreak in cattle. The interval between the most likely period for the initial extended exposure of the population to potentially BSE-contaminated food (1984-1986) and the onset of initial variant CJD cases (1994-1996) is consistent with known incubation periods for the human forms of prion disease." Causative agent The main causative agent for vCJD is an abnormal protein known as prion. People suffering from vCJD a sponge like appearing brain due to death of cells (Aucouturier et al, 2000). Gradual death of cells in the brain makes people lose their control both physically and mentally. The human form of madcow disease is known as variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) or new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (nvCJD). The classical disease, CJD was earlier identified among elderly people (Wisniewski, 2005). Prions are neither viruses nor bacteria, they are actually infectious proteins (CDC, 2011). Transmission Madcow disease is transmitted from animals to human through ingestion of beef. Human to human transmission is rare and can occur through cannabalism and tissue transplantation. Transmission of infection can occur even in preclinical stage (WHO, 2002). Manifestations The incubation period of the disease is long and lasts for several years. Symptoms begin to appear only when critical levels have reached in the brain. Some early symptoms include dementia, depression and difficulty in walking. These symptoms progress rapidly and gradually. Other important early symptoms include trouble sleeping, anxiety, worsening memory, withdrawal, unsteady gait and muscle spasms. The clinical presentation is atypical. Sensory and psychiatric symptoms are prominent and neurological abnormalities are dementia, ataxia and diffusely abnormal electroencephalogram that is non-diagnostic (Wisniewski, 2005). Pathology The prions settle in spinal cord, brain, retina and other nervous tissues of animals and humans. rarely, they can also be found in spleen, bone marrow and lymph nodes. In some cases, low levels of prions can be found in blood too. Prions eat the tissue of the brain and create sponge like holes in several parts of the brain. These holes cause slow deterioration and contribute to loss of control symptoms of the cattle and the humans. This is eventually followed by death. The nature of prion is not well understood. The most accepted theory is that prion is a modified form of normal protein (CDC, 2011). Treatment and prevention As of now, there is no treatment or vaccine for prion diseases, including madcow disease. There is no specific diagnostic test for madcow disease. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Mad Cow Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1413235-mad-cow-disease
(Mad Cow Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1413235-mad-cow-disease.
“Mad Cow Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1413235-mad-cow-disease.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Mad Monarchs of European History
...? Mad Monarchs of European History                   Four monarchs of European history were labeled as mad because of their violence and eccentricities. Nevertheless, an in-depth investigation of their lives and their acts sought to reveal that they were simply mentally or physiologically ill, and hence did not deliberately commit their acts or showed their eccentricities without any reason. The paper is divided into the Related Literature, Symptoms, Causes, Arousal, Guilt and Conclusion. The Related Literature introduces the four monarchs and why their cases are subjects of psychological inquiry. In Symptoms, the manifestations of each of their diseases– repressed homosexuality,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Television Show Analysis: Mad Men
...?Television Show Analysis: Mad Men Mad Men is one of the most acclaimed television series to have emerged in recent years. Produced by Matthew Weiner(who was earlier the executive producer of The Sopranos), this richly made drama series depicts the New York advertising world of the early 1960s. The punning title can be taken to mean Madison Avenue which was the epicenter of PR firms during this period. Most of the action unravels in the posh and busy offices of the fictitious firm Sterling Cooper, which employs a troop of “secretary-ogling, martini-guzzling WASPs, including the laconic, philandering creative director, Don Draper (Jon Hamm).” (Wren, 2008, p.17) An interesting aspect of the TV show is the “behind-the-scenes glimpses... smoking...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Mad Love
...?I. (a) Morality in Choderlos de Laclos’ Les Liaisons Dangereuses Considering the characters and events in the novel, one can say that Les Liaisons Dangereuses is a story of morality wherein de Laclos projects the consequences of revenge and mad love. The story also introduces readers to another form of mad love, which portrays the character of Valmont in his efforts at pursuing Tourvel. Further, it is also noticeable that the epistolary narrative form of the novel hides the actual intentions of the narrator although one can also say that it is basically a criticism against outward sexuality and revenge. Specifically, the characters of Valmont, Tourvel, and Cecile show these ideas. The novel elaborates...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Mad Cow Disease Case Study
...The Case of "Mad Cow" Many watched on the news as reports came across the wires of an issue with the meat supply in the world. The given to that issue was "Mad Cow" disease. The idea of the illness leads to panic like responses to the meat supply in areas of the world. As is the case with other illnesses, "Mad Cow" has a history and the purpose of this paper is to give clarity to what exactly "Mad Cow" is. Where it originated from, who it impacts, what the symptoms are and so on. Current Outbreak (A) As for current instances of outbreak for Mad Cow...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study
Marketing: Wonder Cow
...reduced sugar and probiotic yogurt drink named Wonder Cow. Wonder Cow has natural fruit, no preservatives, no artificial colors or flavorings (www.nutraingredient.com). Wonder Cow has less than five percent sugar and two percent fat, which means the drink strictly followed the new guidelines on products sold in school campus in UK. Existing Marketing Strategy Target Audience Wonder Cow Yogurt drinks will target school children from 8-14 years old. The company is hopeful that they can beat sugar-laden fizzy drinks in schools campuses. According to Greco, Mazze and Michman, marketing aspects can be appropriated based on the information given and features such as...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study
Mad Cow Disease College Essay
...Mad Cow Disease (15 April 2008) Mad Cow Disease It is a well known fact that global food industry is continually changing and is faced with various challenges to meet the needs of consumers, who are increasingly demanding a wider variety of higher quality products. The meat industry especially has faced several challenges over the years. The key events that formed the world meat market in the last decade include the change in trade policy regimes ushered in by the 1995 Uruguay Round Agreement in Agriculture, the macroeconomic crises in Asia and the Former Soviet Union in 1998 and the series of animal disease outbreaks in...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Mad Cow Disease Essay
...Thesis Mad cow disease has drastic implications on cattle, human beings and the community. Introduction Mad cow disease is a kind of disease causedamong cattle that affects the brain. This disease originated during 1980's and proved fatal to both human beings and cattle. It is a silent disease and its symptoms appear at an advanced stage. There are various reasons and factors that lead to this disease and it can have drastic effects on an individual and the society. There is no cure for this disease however preventive measures can be taken to eradicate...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Mad Cow Disease
...by Germany's Storck Co., grew out of a decree issued by the Polish Ministry for Health that prohibits the sale of products containing gelatin from cattle originating in certain countries of the European Union. Storck was directed by Polish health authorities to halt the sale of its fruit-chew candy. Polish officials feared the gelatin may have come from cows infected with mad cow disease. In a statement, Storck said its production process eliminates any risk of mad cow disease, but it recently decided to replace the gelatin with a vegetable-based starch so consumers could "enjoy the candy without a second thought,"...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Mad Cow Disease : Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
...Mad Cow Disease: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Mad Cow Disease: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Mad cow disease is a progressive and fatal disease. The name mad cow came from the aggressiveness that the cow exhibits in the later stages of the disease. According Ridgway (2001), BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), or most commonly referred to as the mad cow disease, is a constantly recurring disease that affects the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
The mad cow disease
...An Analysis of the Law Regulating Mad Cow Disease By Table of Contents 2 Introduction 4 Scientific Studies 5 Legislation 8 Introduction Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) known as mad cow disease is a disease that attacks and degenerates the brain and spinal cord of cattle. BSE was first identified and defined in the UK in 1986. In the ensuing four years, mad cow disease emerged as a serious epidemic in the UK (Kimberlin & Wilesmith, 1994). Scientists discovered that mad cow disease was caused by meat and bone meal (MBM) feed used to feed livestock (Nathanson, Wilesmith, & Griot, 1997). Although initially determined to be a disease that could not be transmitted to human beings, the human form of BSE was discovered in 1996... :...
26 Pages(6500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Mad Cow Disease for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us