2. When investment returns and interest on accounts spirals, and concurrently profits are down, as was the case for most organizations in the last ten years or so, the cost to maintain, much less increase, funding of private pension plans is extremely costly. 3. Workers must be participants in a private pension plan through their company. Those belonging to unions are significantly more likely to receive funds from a pension plan when they retire, since unions often negotiate pensions as part of the collective bargaining agreement (CBA). 4. The employee may be required to work on the holiday to get holiday pay. In most cases, the employee must work the last scheduled shift before, and the first scheduled shift after the holiday in order to be eligible for holiday pay. 5. Unions typically try and negotiate wage employment guarantees to account for the estimated cost of living increases over the life of the contract, and SUBs to protect employees in the event their hours are reduced. 6. The employer is responsible for legacy costs. It is important that organizations be very careful when dealing with legacy costs as there was a huge problem in the automobile industry, when GM was paying approximately 25 dollars more per hour, compared to its non-unionized competitors like Toyota, due to legacy costs (Jarvis, 2011). 7. Typically, group PPO plans are negotiated. Under PPO plans, the employee is able to see any doctor, whether in or out of the network. No referral is needed for the employee to
see a specialist, and generally, the employee does not require pre-authorization to have a procedure. With an HMO, the plan is cut and dry. The plan is a health insurance plan that offers the employee a limited number of physicians and healthcare facilities that are in the network. If the employee has services rendered at an out-of-network provider, the claim is denied. Most, if not all, tests and surgeries must be pre-authorized or the claim will be denied, unless it is an emergency. The purpose of the HMO is to control healthcare costs by providing strictly monitored services. Ultimately, the cost to the employer and employee are lower, because the costs are lower to the insurance company, because services are rendered within the network. 8. With the rising costs of the employee’s share of healthcare, high gas prices, reduced workforce leaving the same amount of work to be spread amongst fewer employees, employees are exhausted and need every dollar they earn. Monday holidays often mean employees lose a day of pay, unless paid time off compensates for the lost hours. Monday is the first day of the workweek, when organizations are closed for holidays, they are losing revenue. Providing flex days or some form of paid time off that can be used in place of the lost day of work will minimize employee issues. 9. Typically, employees are provided paid sick leave and paid vacation. In some states, employees may also be eligible to receive paid time off for FMLA or paid family leave, but the labor agreement may require vacation time to be used during the waiting period, so the employee does not lose any compensation. 10. Pyramiding of overtime allows the employee to calculate the same hour of work for daily overtime as well as weekly overtime.