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... Fourth Amendment The two basic clauses of the Fourth Amendment of the United s constitution provide that The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated 2. No warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. (Levy 1995, p. 162) The fourth amendment was adopted in response to the tendencies of police officers to abuse their search and seizure responsibilities during the colonial period. The enactment of the fourth amendment guarantees to every citizen “the security of privacy ...