Fluid management in dialysis patient
... Effect of Information Reinforcement, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Behavioural Modification on Patients on Hemodialysis due to End Stage Renal Disease or Failure”
End stage renal disease (ESRD) or End stage renal failure (ESRF) is a condition that is caused by any number of underlying diseases, including hypertension, diabetes and glomerulonephritis. (Sonnier, 2000, p. 5). In 2006, 506,256 individuals in the United States and 107,825 individuals in the United Kingdom suffered from ESRF. (Wong et al., 2009, p. 2). ESRD and ESRF iare diagnoses that are made when an individual loses 85% to 90% of kidney function, which means that the kidneys cannot remove toxins and waste from the bl...