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Automatic Fire Sprinkler System
Automatic Fire Sprinkler System
2 pages (500 words) , Assignment
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...Automatic Fire Sprinkler System Introduction A fire sprinkler system is a protective measure against fire that contains water supply and the required pressure and a distribution system. They are mostly used in commercial buildings and factories although nowadays even residential buildings use automatic fire sprinkler systems. Fire sprinkler systems contain Isolating valves used to stop water supply. It has a distinct red color and is usually locked to allow free water flow. The valve monitor is used to monitor the state of the isolating valve. The...
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Building and a Fire Code
Building and a Fire Code
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Difference between a Building and a Fire A large portion of building s, as much as 75%, deal in specifying fire protection measures such that it can be hard to differentiate one from the other. However, significant fundamental differences do exist. A fairly straightforward difference is that building codes is concerned with the construction of the building whereas the fire code regulates usage of the building after it is built. For example, the building code specifies that a nightclub should be built with a fire sprinkler system and a proper means of egress system. The fire code is concerned with...
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Fire Protection Systems
Fire Protection Systems
7 pages (1750 words) , Research Paper
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...system to include PC based work stations, text based digital signage and a variety of remote notification options such as email, text messages, rss feeds or IVR based telephone text-to-speech messaging (Duncan, 2001). Fire Extinguishing Systems A fire sprinkler system is a fire fighting measure with a water supply system which provides enough pressure and flow rate to a water distribution piping system onto which the fire sprinklers are connected. In the United States, for instance, sprinklers are mandatory for all new high rise and underground buildings where ability of...
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Fire Sprinklers
Fire Sprinklers
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...August 10, 2009 SKIP NAVIGATION LINKS BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION (BFS 3440 - 07B) Having sprinkler system installed in your building putsyour mind at rest. At least, your worries of fire occurring in your building would be lessened. Installing fire sprinklers is never a burden on business establishments. First of all it is not expensive, and it actually saves money on insurance premiums. For obvious reasons, every business is different, but fire starts for the same reason. As the owner, it would be very important that you are aware of the reasons and do your very best in the prevention of starting a five....
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Cost Benefit Analysis
Cost Benefit Analysis
36 pages (9000 words) , Essay
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...performance in the NFIRS database" (NFPA, 2003) When "measured by the average number of civilian deaths per thousand fires in 1987 - 1988, the reduction associated with automatic suppression equipment for residential sprinklered homes is a 74% reduction in death rate, which shows that the large impact of sprinklers on life safety also applies where most fire deaths occur." (NFPA, 2003)". [Refer to Appendix B] It was found, by the 1999 survey statistics in a table entitled "Extent of Flame Damage by Major Property Use, 1999, Structure Fire Reported to U.S. Fire Department" that in just the area...
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Skip navigation links BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
Skip navigation links BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Running Head: SKIP NAVIGATION LINKS The items that should be found in a company’s sprinklers systems Most organizations use the fire sprinkler systems so as to minimize the damages that occur as a result of fire. The system allows people to evacuate and contain fires when it occurs. The sprinkler systems used in organizations consists of pipes and sprinklers that are connected to a water supply so as to provide adequate pressure and flow rate to water distributing piping system for the extinguishing fires. The items that should be found during the inspection of a...
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A Hotel Fire Strategy
A Hotel Fire Strategy
8 pages (2000 words) , Assignment
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.... Adequate care and provisions have been made that chances of fire is remote and even if it does takes place, it causes minimum damage (Buildings Other Than Dwelling Houses, 2007, p71). My work is to organize fire strategy for the entire hotel and comprises compartmentation, fire suppression, other internal fire spread and external fire spread Compartmentation The cinema on the ground floor has sprinklers. These sprinklers become automatically activated in the event of a fire. The closest sprinkler to the spot of the fire gets...
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Building Construction for the fire service
Building Construction for the fire service
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...duration until the rain cooled it off after 24 hours. The pine wood water storage building was the only water supply used by the fire department in those days and that water was also wasted due to collapse of that building. After this horrific fire incident and massive destruction the authorities bend down to look into the basic design of building structures in such catastrophic situations. Therefore, in 1896 NFPA National Fire Protection Association devised a new way to protect massive fire in buildings; hence, introduced automatic sprinkler system. Initially, this system lacked proper standardization...
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Principles of Fire Behavior
Principles of Fire Behavior
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Proposal
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...improvements upon foams were developed in the 1940’s, 60’s, and 70’s (Meidl 1970). As mentioned, there are active and passive fire suppressing strategies. Active strategies include various techniques such as the installation of fire extinguishers and water sprinkler systems. Extinguishers utilize various substances to act as fire suppressing agents. These devices are pressurized, and as a result the agent is ejected from the extinguisher as it’s being used. There are various ways to pressurize fire extinguishers. Depending upon the type of agent used, at times fire extinguishers are...
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Fire Report
Fire Report
16 pages (4000 words) , Essay
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.... Guidance and a recommended methodology The bestselling guide gives a nine-step approach to fire risk assessment in buildings Fire extinguishing/fighting equipment: BS 336:2010 Specification for fire hose couplings and ancillary equipment BS 5306:2009 Fire extinguishing installations and equipment on premises. Commissioning and maintenance of portable fire extinguishers. Code of practice BS 750:2006 Specification for underground fire hydrants and surface box frames and covers BS EN 14339:2005 Underground fire hydrants Design & fire safety: BS 9999:2008 Code of...
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Gothenburg Disco Fire
Gothenburg Disco Fire
11 pages (2750 words) , Research Paper
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...method of preventing the negative effects of fire is using the residential and built-up sprinkler that is the latest technology in the market. The National Fire Protection Associations (NFPA) grants the skills of using the sprinkler method, which has established to be one of the preeminent techniques of protecting the lives of individuals and properties of family members. The sprinkler is automatic, and sprays water directly to the fire, hence reducing the effect of fire that could have been hazardous (Fire sprinkler initiative bringing Safety...
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1980 MGM Fire and Fire Codes
1980 MGM Fire and Fire Codes
5 pages (1250 words) , Case Study
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...center and upper level of the jai alai fronton. The below grade level had the lower level of the jai alai fronton, a movie theatre, several shops and boutiques, service areas, and underground parking. There were 2076 guest rooms and another 780 guest rooms under construction on the west side of the building. Hotel structure had fire-resistive, protected non-combustible and unprotected non-combustible segments. Both combustible and non-combustible materials were used for interior finish. Fire sprinklers were installed only in some major portions and every area was not protected for fire. Part of the 26th floor, the arcade level,...
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Sofa Superstore Fire in Charleston SC
Sofa Superstore Fire in Charleston SC
5 pages (1250 words) , Case Study
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... Sofa Superstore Fire in Charleston SC In June 18, 2007, the Charleston Sofa fire incident occurred, in Charleston, South Carolina, USA ending up in the death of nine of the firefighters. The event happened at the Sofa Super Store, comprising of 42,000 ft2 single-story steel trussed showroom building with 17,000 ft2 warehouse building situated behind the retail space, located at 1807 Charleston savannah Highway. There were no fire sprinkler systems at the building. The fire started exactly at 7:00 PM. in a loading dock area that is covered between the warehouse and the showroom building which was attached to both...
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Training in Fire Safety
Training in Fire Safety
5 pages (1250 words) , Research Paper
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.... Thus, a fire sprinkler system that works automatically should be put in place for prompt action. Most crucially, fire extinguishers must be installed in every residence. Also, it is useful to have a fire division check the residence for fire protection before hand to ensure whether the safety measures taken are appropriate or not. Following the above mentioned guidelines greatly reduce the event of fire and /or its damaging effects. However, it is just as important, to train oneself for fire in the event of fire itself. It is a tendency of most buildings to have a...
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OSHA Workplace Safety and Security
OSHA Workplace Safety and Security
9 pages (2250 words) , Assignment
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...systems, fire doors, exit lighting, etc) ___3____OSHA fire protection subpart ___7____fire extinguisher that works by smothering or chain reaction( class A, B, C) __B_____a liquid with a flashpoint below 100 degrees F ___U____Flammable and combustible liquids ( reduction of hazards for public safety) ___Z____liquefied petroleum Gases (storage and handling) ___L_____impervious/ resistant to damage by fire; to make resistant to fire ___4____must lead directly outside, to a street, or open space with access to outside ____2___fire extinguisher that works by cooling/ smothering ( class A only) ___I____automatic...
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These essays are a 80% match to your topic
Strategies and Tactics of Charleston SC Super Sofa Fire (June18,2007)
Strategies and Tactics of Charleston SC Super Sofa Fire (June18,2007)
9 pages (2250 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
... efforts to rescue them were futile. The rescue operation was also marred with water shortages compounded by blockages of the pipes as the ensuing traffic drove over the water supply lines (Routley, 2008). 1.2 Unusual circumstances  There are several unique circumstances that made the fire incident different from other fires. Firstly, the fire occurred at 7pm a time when traffic is high thus navigating through the traffic would have been a problem for the firefighters. However the firefighters did exceptionally well considering they took three minutes to access the scene. Secondly, it was observed that the store had not installed fire sprinkler system; this was not a requirement at the time... which...
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Management - Service Package
Management - Service Package
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...and bathrooms, safes, and locked drawers. The houses should also be equipped with supporting facilities such as temperature controls and heating facilities. Other supporting facilities include fitness rooms, libraries, activity rooms, theatres, open grounds for exercises, and walking facilities for persons with walking problems (White & Duncan 268). To improve on security within the housing facility, wander alert systems, alarmed exits, automated fire sprinkler systems, and enclosed yards should be considered. Facilitating goods Facilitating goods refer to goods consumed by buyer or goods as well as materials purchased and consumed by the providers of services. The...
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Hospital Disaster Planning
Hospital Disaster Planning
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...should ensure that there is regular inspection of the premise for any vulnerability and maintain them in advance. Staff who work in laboratories where there they use flames for, whichever purpose, should be given course of action on appropriate handling of the open flame and any other component that can cause fire, for instance heaters among others. Management should make it aware to its staff the location of all the fire sprinkler system and any other system for fighting fire stating with the fire extinguisher equipments (Masellis, 2003). Also, staff should know where emergency exits doors.. Moreover, relevant...
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Writing 3
Writing 3
13 pages (3250 words) , Essay
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...on the side and in front of the store allow for greater interior visibility. No cameras have been mounted on the outside of the building. Behind the buffet table is an ‘employees-only’ door which leads to the kitchen. Safety against fire in the kitchen has been considered with the fitting of a sprinkler system hanging from the ceiling. Additionally, two fire extinguishers have been placed near the fire grill and employees made aware of their placement. Even more, these employees have been trained on proper use of fire extinguishers. They indicated their knowledge of the fire escape route should...
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Security Assessment Report
Security Assessment Report
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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.... Since then it has installed NICET certified designs of gadgets. Whose works is Monitoring the fire sprinkler that works automatically. Pull stations that have manual Fire Alarm. Addressable and Analog Control Systems which are a conventional one. Notification devices that are ADA compliant. The company has a limitation to an extent as there aren’t proper policies set, there is no in-house fire brigade and there is no fire notification plan. These are being worked on and have confidence to come up with good solutions. VIDEO SURVEILLANCE: A specified protocol designed for video surveillance by Figitech security...
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Construction assignment
Construction assignment
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...Quarterly Clean window coverings Semi-annually Shampoo carpet Semi-annually Update displays As needed Clean toilets, sinks Daily Sweep floor Daily Clean automatic hand dryer Weekly Mop floor Weekly Check plumbing for leaks Quarterly Replace toilet paper As needed Replace hand towels As needed Fill soap dispensers As needed Test security system Semi-annually Apply pest control system Semi-annually Test smoke detector or fire sprinkler system Semi-annually Service heating and air conditioning system Annually Paint As needed Outside Clean parking area Weekly Maintain landscaping Monthly Apply pest control system Semi-annually Check structure Semi-annually Repaint...
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Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing
10 pages (2500 words) , Assignment
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... it easy for telecommunication based systems to transport a lot of information by using a variety of techniques and at the same time operates very fast. A well-designed commercial office building security systems usually provides a high level of security to keeping occupants safe and protecting both the building and the contents. Intercommunication systems and emergence warning have been designed to facilitate the orderly and speedy evacuation of a building if any event of insecurity is witnessed. The above procedure should be initiated by an alarm, manual and fire sprinkler systems which can lead to breaking a glass call point. A EWIS system may as well be used as a fully automated system... Security...
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Project Planning and Management for Fire Company
Project Planning and Management for Fire Company
13 pages (3250 words) , Essay
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...stations should also be checked regularly to ensure proper working. The management should define the set of all equipments and all resources required for fire protection systems, this includes; fire management team, consultant team, fire suppression equipments, fire sprinkler systems, the fire alarm systems, fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, first aid equipment and the cost of evacuation. The next step would then to assign each and every person a specific task. Every individual should have clearly defined tasks so that the managers can be able to...
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Fire Protection
Fire Protection
15 pages (3750 words) , Research Paper
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...floor exterior walls. According to the policies of IFC and NFP 1, this limit is 150 feet for all buildings that lack complete sprinkler systems. However, there is a provision to low this distance to exceed up to 450 feet. Fire protection experts refer to this distance from of the building to a fire lane or road as the “setback distance”. There are other guidelines regulating access location, with differences in height, size, and sprinkler protection (Corte 127). To effectively combat fire hazards and prevent loss, harm or injury, it is important for the structure or area of the incident to be accessible. This...
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MGM grand Fire
MGM grand Fire
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...for the night so the fire burned for a while, undetected. When the hotel originally opened, the Deli was working around the clock. On that ground, MGM Grand also got an exception on installing sprinkler system. However, open hours have changed. Had the Deli be open, the fire would likely be detected and easily contained. As it was closed for the night, hours passed before the fire found fresh oxygen, and burst into a fireball crossway the catwalk in the casino. Within only six minutes after the fire was discovered, the whole casino area was ablaze, and the fire was spreading very rapidly. The Clark...
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Chicago Fire Review
Chicago Fire Review
1 pages (250 words) , Book Report/Review
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..., it was mentioned that a sprinkler system was currently being retrofitted, indicating that its absence aggravated fire. The role of this aspect in the LaSalle building fire is underscored by the consequent city ordinance proposal requiring Chicagos old buildings to install sprinkler systems. There were no specifically cited issues in building design or maintenance that hindered fire response. For this reason, it is difficult to make any change recommendations to the building design. It must be noted, however, that a renovation was being instituted at the time of the fire. Therefore, the building...
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A ssignment 3 :Budget Requests(fire and safety Engineering)
A ssignment 3 :Budget Requests(fire and safety Engineering)
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...systems.The current fire extinguishers are depleted and need to be replaced. These new extinguishers will be installed in the kitchen as it is more prone to fires than any other place in the building especially now with the bee-hive activities going on. The upgrading of the manual fire suppression system is estimated to cost $2000. Fire Detection and Sprinkler System Since everyone in the kitchen will be busy held up in their recipe executions, we will need to install fire/smoke detectors and a sprinkler ...
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Tall tales
Tall tales
16 pages (4000 words) , Essay
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.... In case of any natural calamity including wind or earth shock, the waves disturbs one portion of the structure, and another portion absorbs the impact of forces. ‘Large bodies of water are placed at twelve separate levels and serve multiple functions; as fire barriers and fire sprinkler system reservoirs, as recycled water catch basins, as recreational lakes, rivers, waterfalls and streams. Whenever possible the whole of ecosystems are supported within the building. The building is thought of as a living organism in itself capable of sustaining life at many scales. Human beings are an indivisible of this larger life system and are nourished by...
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Station Nightclub fire
Station Nightclub fire
6 pages (1500 words) , Research Paper
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...a distance lower than this so there was no need of fire resistance. (Grosshandler 2005). The height allowed under the IBC table 500 to club buildings was up to 6000ft high, this wall of station club was however only 4484m tall. However the IBC code requires a sprinkler protection with the building, which was not complied during the construction of the company. The IBC chapter 8 requires a thorough testing of the interiors for being fire resistant, however the interiors of the station club didn`t follow these codes and was highly combustible. The smoke and fire scales determined by the IBC codes were also not met. NPFA 5000 codes...
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Engineering Design Practice
Engineering Design Practice
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...lining materials used to limit fire spread, and there was no clear provision for access and facilities for fire and rescue services. The facility has adequate number of routes suitably located to enable escape to a place of safety, and the structural requirements were specified to be adequate by the designer. Also, provisions to limit external fire spread were adequate. Recommendations include conduction of fire risk assessment, installation of fire detection and alarm system, installation of fire fighting system, ensuring compliance of material used for construction, enabling access and ensuring...
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Harvard Style References
Harvard Style References
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...are implemented strictly in Qatar. Means of Egress GDCD implements in full the provisions of NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, to establish specific requirements for means of egress. While all concepts incorporated in the code are important, means of egress could be singled out as the most important of them all as this is the last recourse where all of the fire safety strategies (prevention, communication, containment and extinguishment) fail. The ability of the occupants to quickly and efficiently exit the building is often the difference between life and death. Fire Suppression Systems NFPA 13, Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler System, is the...
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Life safety
Life safety
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...of computers and other equipments in the open spaces. There were plastic cabinets that increased the intensity of fire while the building staff took a long time to realize the cause of fire alarms, and this resulted in delayed reporting to the fire department. The building was constructed in accordance with the 1960 edition of the Los Angeles City Building Code which required automatic sprinkler system in basement areas and standpipes for high-rise buildings. Incidentally, the owners had already installed an automatic sprinkler system which was part of an extra precaution against fire although...
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Building construction and its effect on the Fire Service
Building construction and it's effect on the Fire Service
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...of the building, thirdly are the structural systems and their connections, failures points and fourthly the material of construction also known as the fuel for the fire and lastly the occupancy of the facility. Firstly it is the type of construction that governs the fire services, the resistance of the construction directly affects the fire protection system and the no of hours the building can sustain fire. The method of calculation is given below and it corresponds to those written in the appendix 1. Type II (000), it requires sprinklers and If it is a Type II (222), sprinklers are not required....
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BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...According to the American Wood Council (2003), heavy timber is a type of construction in which fire resistance is attained by placing limitations on minimum sizes on wood structural members and on minimum thickness and composition of wood floors and roofs. On the other hand, a true mill construction is a special type of heavy timber developed in the textile mills of New England which utilized heavy timber column and beams with cast iron connectors to cover joints where fire might hold, fire barriers enclosing opening between floors, and most importantly, an automatic sprinkler with a water flow alarm and an alarm connection to the...
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Paper Assignment: Triangle Fire
Paper Assignment: Triangle Fire
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...liberalism and evolution of labor regulations. Soon, all factories were subject to several statutory requirements that were aimed at improving working conditions. The fire became a national threat, and soon all companies started adopting methodologies that could combat against potential losses, except a few which faced similar catastrophes as discussed below (Von Drehle 141). Similar Disasters Unfortunately, history could not educate everyone and similar tragedies continued to occur. In 1990, a fire erupted in New York at the Happy Land Social Club, killing 87 people including customers. With no fire alarms, emergency exits and...
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Foam Extinguishing Systems
Foam Extinguishing Systems
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...is introduced. A disadvantage to this type of system is reduced coverage area. More advanced systems like sprinkler systems in which foam systems are added require installation and maintenance by Foam Extinguishing Systems 5 by certified experts due to their complexity. Because proportioning or control of foam concentrates used by fire departments must often require varying mixtures of concentrate and water, with use of various pressure sources, it is highly recommended by fire suppression experts that all fire fighting personnel receive extensive training in its use. The Fire Science...
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Civil and Construction Engineering, Building Studies and Fire Engineering
Civil and Construction Engineering, Building Studies and Fire Engineering
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Defence is in the process of adopting the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Codes and Standards to be the standard reference in the enforcement of Fire Safety Regulations and practices in The State of Qatar. The Torch Hotel in design phase has been provided the standards of reference by the General Directorate of Civil Defence for compliance. Standards provide are referenced as below standards of NFPA and the Fire Safety Standard Standards NFPA - NFPA 101, Life Safety Code - NFPA 5000, Building Construction and Safety Code - NFPA 13, Standard for Installation of Sprinkler Systems - NFPA 14, Standard for the Installation...
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Fire Protection
Fire Protection
16 pages (4000 words) , Research Paper
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...talks about the suggestions by the president of the national fire protection association. He said that “All new nursing homes have been required to have automatic sprinklers’’. The number of sprinkler will depend on the nature and number of structures in as nursing home. The chief executive officer further advised that “installing sprinkler when the building is new is much easier and convenience’’. The other most important time for installing sprinkler is during the renovation of the nursing home structures. The maintenance is very important after installation. Nursing home is very sensitive areas. Nursing homes...
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Skip navigation links BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
Skip navigation links BFS 3440-07B BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR FIRE PROTECTION (BFS3440-07B)
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...switches and sprinkler system water flow with the fire alarm system and the coordination of penetrations of the fire rated assemblies with the ductworks, piping and wiring penetrations. These series of coordination ensures the safety of life and property and maximum protection of the building in the event of a fire outbreak. Planning a building for the prevention of a fire outbreak assists in providing the fire fighting officer with adequate information about the building structure and allows the fire fighting officers to efficiently utilize their resources. Information such as...
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Based on a business model, write a business plan
Based on a business model, write a business plan
20 pages (5000 words) , Assignment
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...$40,000 Point of Sales systems (including merchant accounts, credit card terminals, etc.) $10,000 $35,000 Fire Fighting Enterprises (fire sprinkler systems, fire alarm, fire extinguishers, etc.) $15,000 $30,000 Beginning Inventory (bar supplies, food) $15,000 $40,000 Opening Salaries Deposits $15,000 $50,000 Insurance $500 $4,000 Grand Opening Marketing $1,000 $25,000 Other Expenses Add 10% of total Add 10% of total       TOTAL START-UP EXPENSE $239,250 $837,100 SPC created a rough estimate of costs and income, the company has made projections for the first five years of the business and has cushion to deal with...
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IP 19 and API 2001 fire prevention and protection systems in major processing facility
IP 19 and API 2001 fire prevention and protection systems in major processing facility
15 pages (3750 words) , Research Paper
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...systems-These systems will not extinguish hydrocarbon fires caused by flammable liquids heated above flash point but will help in controlling the intensity of the fire until the fuel source can be cut off. These are generally used in pressure vessels containing highly volatile chemicals. The spray design should be based on the water required for the total structure. Special consideration should be paid to the sizing of the bund to handle the maximum water collected. Using sprinklers is another means to control fires. When class B fires are a distinct possibility, a glass tube or pallet fitted in the...
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Fire Protection Strategy
Fire Protection Strategy
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...that the walls of the building should be strong enough to resist the further growth of fire. JB Firth walls should be able to withstand the spread of fire. This also applies to the roof of the building, which should be strong enough so that fire may not spread. (Legislation.go.uk, 2000 – B4, p. 91) Fire fighting access and facilities for the fire service Sprinklers effectively act by reducing the temperature of the burning contents. Any fire-fighting system installed as part of the fabric of the structure should be supplemented by the supply of both suitable portable...
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Distribution ManagementDesign A Facility
Distribution ManagementDesign A Facility
18 pages (4500 words) , Essay
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...signs must be determined early in the facility design process. Possess non-slip surface treatments on floors subject to wetting, such as outdoor docks, to eliminate slips and falls to personnel. Be designed with fire sprinkler systems engineered to cover the specific commodity classification in the specific storage configuration for the planned warehouse. The adequacy of the sprinkler system must be evaluated when changes occur that can increase the hazard classification, such as introducing a new product line, using a different packaging material, or changing from wood pallets to plastic pallets. Include appropriate security systems...
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Modern Risk Analysis Based on PRA
Modern Risk Analysis Based on PRA
6 pages (1500 words) , Essay
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...are then treated as new events and other consequences are identified. This goes on and on. This process leads to growth of the trees (Moyer, McGuigan and Kretlow, 2009, pg. 225). An example of a decision tree can be formed by making an initializing event to be accidental fire. This has its consequences which are activation of the sprinkler system and an emergency call to a fire department. The sprinklers then become the next event. There are two possible consequences which are succeeding or failing. In the next adjacent branch, there is succeeding or fail for the fire fighters emergency call. After the...
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Building Certification
Building Certification
3 pages (750 words) , Coursework
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...Building Certification Executive Summary Ignorance of the law shall not excuse non-compliance. The certification of this building will depend on whether the set building fire and safety regulations have been met. The exit access as well as discharge has to be adequate enough to allow for the occupants to exit in case of a fire or any other kind of emergency. These exit and other aspects of the geometry of the school building are dictated by the travel distance to exits as well as the occupant load. With the lack of an automatic sprinkler system, a firewall with high fire resistance is necessary though a negative for an educational...
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Assignment
Assignment
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...that such old libraries must have a sprinkler, mist or fog systems, since it helps in containing the fire and thus prevent such large scale damage (Dewe, 2006). Case Study: Fire in High Rise Building, Frankfurt, Germany (1973) A severe fire broke out in a high rise building in Frankfurt on the night of August 22, 1973 which quickly spread to the adjacent floors. Since the riser pipes (vertical pipes installed in buildings) were not attached properly, the firefighting was delayed by two hours and it took three hours to bring the fire under control and eight hours overall, to finally douse the fire...
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Why the triangle fire gave future workers and unions the idea to strike for better working condintions
Why the triangle fire gave future workers and unions the idea to strike for better working condintions
3 pages (750 words) , Research Paper
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...the people who looked upon the labor unions for protection and workplace safety resulting in dramatic rise in the membership of unions. The idea of providing better working conditions triggered state wide protests with union leaders carrying strikes for better pay, reduced number of hours, hygienic conditions and safety measures. Women organizations also formed which followed the incident and worked towards additional safety procedures and working conditions for women workers. The new law enacted which is called ‘Wagner Labor Act’ provided new and enforced laws like mandated sprinkler systems, fire escapes, education and prevention, no unlocking of door during...
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Environmental impact assessment for proposed developments in Prembrey Airport
Environmental impact assessment for proposed developments in Prembrey Airport
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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..., automatic water sprinklers in case of accidental fires among others. Considerations will be made for microwave detectors used to switch lights on/off in response to occurrence in the circulation areas. Furthermore, special equipment will be installed to monitor/control the use of natural light when sufficient natural light is available, especially in circulation areas; this would help conserve the energy. A security system comprising of closed circuit television (CCTV) will be provided in management areas to enable security personnel monitor movement within the premises. The security alarm system will include a facility for calling for backup from designated...
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TRIANGLE The Fire That Changed America by David Von Drehle
TRIANGLE The Fire That Changed America by David Von Drehle
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...?Triangle: The Fire That Changed America by David von Drehle. The issue of Working Conditions. Many people came to New York in search of work. Some journeyed all the way across the ocean and spent every penny they had just to get here and find a job. The dream of a city paved with gold could never come true, but for most there was at least a place in a factory, manufacturing some of the goods that made America into one of the leading trading nations of the world. Wages were not high, but compared to the poverty levels of some rural villages in Russia, or Sweden, or Southern Italy, the employment situations offered by New York’s industrialization were a significant improvement. Many...
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Role of the Construction Industry (UK) in disaster preparedness
Role of the Construction Industry (UK) in disaster preparedness
22 pages (5500 words) , Dissertation
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...to which they sway under lateral load design conditions such as winds and earthquakes. Among the general measures that can be considered are placing stairwells farther apart, broadening them for prompt evacuation and encasing them in solid, strengthening links and joints in structural steel framing, using fireproofing that grips better to beams and girders, and applying it more thickly, establishing backup water supplies for fire sprinkler systems (O’Driscoll 2002). The Manchester Bombing Case A 3,000lb IRA bomb exploded in Manchester on Saturday 15 June 1996 consuming the life of over 200 people (The Manchester Bombing 2003). The malicious attack was ripped...
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