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... Theories Theories Functionalism According to Isajiw (2003), functionalism can be regarded as the oldest theoretical perspective in sociology, whose dominance in sociology has been there for many years. The theory is based on two concepts one of which entails using the analogy between the society and individual. The other concept includes the use of the scientific method to the social world, which can be regarded as objective. The premise of this theory is that the world is a system that comprises of many parts that tend to relate to one another; each part plays a crucial role for the survival of the entire system. Based on this, therefore, no part of the system can work on isolation as all the parts ...