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Behaviorism
Behaviorism
12 pages (3000 words)
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... – Task Ruth Ramirez Western Governor’s LESSON PLAN Name: Ruth Ramirez GENERAL INFORMATION Subject(s): English Topic or Unit of Study: Literature – “We Real Cool” A Poem by Gwendolyn Brooks Grade/Level: 8th Instructional Setting: Students are paired for the writing task. Regular classroom setting; 25 students in class; eighty percent students are English Language Learners, predominately Hispanic, low income, at-risk students. 2 students are special education with an Independent Education Plan for mild behavior modifications. A teacher’s assistant is assigned to the classroom and a special education Resource Specialist is also availa...
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Compare how Interpretivist and Behavioralist Political Scientists Approach the Analysis of Politics
Compare how Interpretivist and Behavioralist Political Scientists Approach the Analysis of Politics
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Head: Different approaches towards political analysis Different approaches towards political analysis: A Reflective Paper goes here Professional Specialization Name of your professor Date Different approaches towards political analysis Analytical work in any social domain is widely influenced with the personal methodology, approach, and philosophy of the analyst. Especially in politics where the room for interpretations and behavioral judgments is quite open, the analysis heavily depends on the research approach of the political scientist. The philosophy and methodology thus used can intensify or dilute the political significance of a scenario. In other words, we can say that philosophy of a...
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Developments in SEN )Special Educational Needs
Developments in SEN )Special Educational Needs
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Developments in Special Educational Needs Introduction In the early part of the 20th century, the provision of education to children with special needs relied heavily on the medical model of defects. This was provided on the 1944 education Act, where children with special education needs were identified by disabilities defined in medical terms. As a result of this, majority of children were identified as uneducable and were grouped into categories such as educationally sub-normal or maladjusted. These categories of unique children resulted to the provision of special education treatment in separate schools. This approach concentrated on difference rather than normality, on sickness rather than well...
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Behaviorism
Behaviorism
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Behaviorism – Task LESSON PLAN GENERAL INFORMATION s English Topic or Unit of Study: Literature – “We Real Cool” A Poem by Gwendolyn Brooks Grade/Level: 8th Instructional Setting: regular classroom setting, students are paired for the writing task STANDARDS AND OBJECTIVES English Language Arts Standards for California Listening and Speaking Strategies 1.2 Paraphrase a speaker’s purpose and point of view and ask relevant questions concerning the speaker’s content, delivery, and purpose. Speaking Applications 2.2 Deliver oral responses to literature Writing 2.4 Write persuasive compositions Lesson Objective(s): Students should be able to: 1. Demonstrate comprehension by orally paraphrasing the lines...
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Behaviorism
Behaviorism
13 pages (3250 words)
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... Behaviorism – Task Ruth Ramirez Western Governor’s LESSON PLAN Ruth Ramirez GENERAL INFORMATION s English Topic or Unit of Study: Literature – “We Real Cool” A Poem by Gwendolyn Brooks Grade/Level: 8th Instructional Setting: Students are paired for the writing task. Regular classroom setting; 25 students in class; eighty percent students are English Language Learners, predominately Hispanic, low income, at-risk students. 2 students are special education with an Independent Education Plan for mild behavior modifications. A teacher’s assistant is assigned to the classroom and a special education Resource Specialist is also available for assistance. STANDARDS AND OBJECTIVES English Language Arts...
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Research Foundational Theorists
Research Foundational Theorists
3 pages (750 words)
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... Theorists Many theorists are connected with the creation of some of psychology’s most important schools and theories. Three of the mostimportant theorists and founders of psychology are Sigmund Freud, Harry Harlow, Philip Zimbardo, and Jean Piaget. Freud is associated with the psychoanalytic school of psychology, Harlow the behaviorist school, Zimbardo the social school, and Piaget is connected with the cognitive school of psychology. Each school of psychology offers different insights in regard to different aspects of the psychological nature of human beings. To understand these insights is to understand the way that a person mentally functions, grows and strives. The psychoanalytic school of psych...
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Gestalt revolt
Gestalt revolt
2 pages (500 words)
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... Revolt The paper discusses the importance of Gestalt psychology nowadays, refers to its background and correlates it with Functionalist, Structuralist and Behaviorist Schools. In spite of considerable criticism, Gestalt psychology made an efficient contribution to the world’s Psychology. The ideas of newly developed Gestalt psychology differed from the accepted and approved ideas of functionalist and structuralist psychologies. The Fathers of Gestalt Psychology, by Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Wertheimer and Koffha were Germans. This nation is too deterministic and maximalist. Thus, psychological considerations of the school were based on a holistic approach, i.e. experience analysis by means of...
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Karen Pryor on Techniques of Behavior Modification
Karen Pryor on Techniques of Behavior Modification
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Head: ANIMALS & HUMANS Animals & Humans: Karen Pryor on Behaviorist Techniques of Behavior Modification Abstract The behaviorist approach to modifying human behavior has been criticized by many researchers. Yet, the experiments done with animals provide sufficient background for applying operant conditioning principles to human behavior in order to improve human relationships and resolve some burning problems in a variety of settings. Hence, the book “Don’t Shoot the Dog” is of double value: along with recommending how to train pets, it provides insight into techniques of shaping interpersonal relationships and building successful communication. Examples discussed in this paper illustrate how th...
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Behaviorism in Psychology
Behaviorism in Psychology
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Introduction The perspective of psychology has progresses and altered effectively over the period of time. The study of human behavior is referred to as behaviorism. In today’s large pool of theories that were created, there are some few perspectives that have remained steadfast and have effective core values to follow.The pivotal focal point of the behaviorism is measurable and observable behavior. The theories created by influential psychologist such as B.F.Skinner, John B. Watson and Edward C. Tolman have remained foundation for the world of psychology. B.F.Skinner, John B. Watson has their perspective on psychology. But the perspectives are not as different as Edward C. Tolman. This essay will...
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Behaviorists observation
Behaviorists observation
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Observation of Affiliation: Behaviorists Observation While going for my normal shopping routine, I happened to have met a family of four, comprising of a mother and her three children in a shopping mall. The mother, who was also the eldest in the group, was about thirty-five years of age. Two of the children, aged twelve years old and of either gender, resembled so much, and it never required the services of a magician to tell that they were twins. The last member of the family was a little boy aged six years, who held tight on to the mother’s hand as they walked along the supermarket store. Despite being the youngest of all, the little boy seemed to be overweight. One would never go without...
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Identification of Learning Disabilities in Early Childhood
Identification of Learning Disabilities in Early Childhood
5 pages (1250 words)
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... of Learning Disabilities in Early Childhood Introduction Identification of learning disabilities in early childhood and their relative treatment has been a subject of thorough research in past few decades. Dyslexia is one of such disorders that have been identified as a major learning impairment disorder which hampers children’s ability to learn as it influences their ability to read. In order to comprehend on how such learning disabilities can be understood and their respective treatment be designed, there are various learning theories that can be used. Some of these theories include social learning theory which is part of behaviorist theories and Kolb’s experiential learning theory that stems out o...
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Discuss the diversity of young childrens experiences of language and literacy at home. To what extent can there be a match be
Discuss the diversity of young children's experiences of language and literacy at home. To what extent can there be a match be
13 pages (3250 words)
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... Language Learning Introduction Although years have been spent in research to answer the questions of how, when, and where do humans first learned language, linguists could only stop with formulating theories, but none was considered an absolute law. An infant’s mind is the subject of John Locke’s Tabula Rasa Theory. Locke believes that an infant’s mind is a blank slate which acquires information as he interacts and develops with the physical environment. In this note the role of sociocultural approach to language learning becomes essential, since it deals with “human activities take place in cultural contexts” (Steiner & Mahn, 2010, par. 4). Since the mind is believed to be a blank slate, the...
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Learning Theories for Teachers
Learning Theories for Teachers
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
... is recognized that teachers are expected to understand human development and learning processes to provide children and adults with efficient and effective education experiences. Learning Theories for Teaching, 6th ed., authored by renowned education researchers Morris Bigge and Samuel Shermis (1998), use their text to motivate teachers to develop their own theories of learning, and to evaluate such theories within the classroom, using an evidence-based approach. The text aims to encourage teachers to draw on learning theories to enhance their understanding of students, fostering an experimental attitude toward modifying delivery methods to optimize the learning experience. The authors make clear th...
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Behaviorism and Learning
Behaviorism and Learning
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Behaviorism American Intercontal EDU622-1204B-03 Pamela Awbrey 20th November In psychology, behaviorismis the fundamental concept. Due to this fact, there has been extensive research and experiments done in this area. Many practitioners and theorists have put forward their theories and experiments in order to validate the phenomenon of Behaviorism. Generally, it has been observed that behaviors are derived from perceptions. Most of the practitioners have supported this statement through one way or other. This paper briefly discusses the experiments of renowned theorist in the field of psychology. It is believed that at the time of birth, human mind is tabula rasa which means a blank slate. As the...
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Applying Learning Theories
Applying Learning Theories
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Applying learning Theories Learning is defined as a process that enhances one’s knowledge. It brings positive change in one’s behavior, pattern, opinion and outlook. It is a process that helps in bringing together the cognitive, behavioral and environmental experiences and influences. Learning process is explained by means of learning theories. A learning theory describes about the process of learning in relation to the education. These theories are employed by the teacher to enhance the process of learning in a classroom. There are mainly three learning theories. The Behavioral Theory or behaviorism stresses on the learning of facts and skills as stated by the authorities. For example, school board ...
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Discuss the influence of cognitive learning theories on educational policy and practice
Discuss the influence of cognitive learning theories on educational policy and practice
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Influential Theories used in Learning Most influential theories used in learning Learning is one of the processes used in bringing together environmental and personal experiences and influences for enriching, modifying or acquiring one’s skills, values, knowledge, attitudes, world views and behaviors. These learning theories build up hypotheses used in describing how the given process takes place. The logical study of learning began in intense at the start of the 20th century. The major theories and concepts of learning include cognitive psychology, behaviorist theories, social constructivism, constructivism, and multiple intelligence, community of practice, situated learning theory and experiential ...
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Behaviorists
Behaviorists
2 pages (500 words)
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... Psychology Behaviorist Psychology Submitted) Part Habits are considered an essential force in one’s life. For this reason, habits are repeated and may become a part of a person’s personality. However, not all habits are considered beneficial. There are mannerisms that are annoying which should be interrupted. Among the habits that people are commonly trying to break is smoking. Because it is difficult to break the habit of smoking, the willpower to change seems to be an answer. According to Guthrie such change could be achieved if a person is determined to replace the old behavior with something new instead. This could be achieved employing his suggested methods to include the threshold means,...
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Social Psychology Essay
Social Psychology Essay
2 pages (500 words)
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... Psychological Context of Bystander’s Apathy The case of Kitty Genovese was a sensational event which had become a of much discussion in the field of Psychology in recent times. What made it a subject of much debate and analysis was the controversial report about the murder of the woman. Catherine Susan “Kitty” Genovese was brutally murdered by Winston Moseley while on her way from her parked car to her apartment in a cold 3:15 AM of March 13 1964. About 38 bystanders were believed to witness the event but one had shouted on the attacker and another one called the police while the rest witnessed the event from their windows without doing anything. The major point of the discussions was the behavior ...
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Psychology and War
Psychology and War
14 pages (3500 words)
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... ­ Psychology and War A Re-categorization of the Schools of Modern Psychology Submitted by: During the of the 20th century, psychology has been applied in a wide variety of practical situations in society, in both institutions and personal life, with each school of psychology implementing different goals. In discussing the social aspects of war both domestically and internationally, it is important to note the means through which psychology is used by the State to make its conduct of war more efficient, and also how psychology can be used as a means of resistance and social education against war. In this context, it is also possible to look at the schools of psychology individually, and how they...
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Classroom Management and Student Discipline
Classroom Management and Student Discipline
5 pages (1250 words)
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... room Management and Discipline I. Introduction room management has been one of the most challenging, as well as important, dimension of teaching. The learning that takes place in a classroom is highly dependent on the interactions that take place, the structure of instruction, and the amount and quality of activities going on. All these factors contribute to positive educational outcomes, and the key lies in effective classroom management. Furthermore, current research has revealed that “classroom organization and behavior management competencies significantly influence the persistence of new teachers in teaching careers” (Ingersoll & Smith, 2003 as cited in Oliver & Rischley, 2007, p. 1). Thus,...
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Materialism - An Objection to Analytical Behaviourism
Materialism - An Objection to Analytical Behaviourism
3 pages (750 words) , Download 0
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... Materialism - An Objection to Analytical Behaviorism The theory of materialism s that any that has existence is material and that whatever is mental either has no existence or can be identified with material objects. This theory was first put forward by Thomas Hobbes who claimed that sense is what brings about materialism. Through sense, human beings are able to think, dream, imagine, and even remember. For him all that is mental is either partly sense or stems from sense. For example if one feel pain, Hobbes claim that the pain is material since it is a motion in one’s body. Therefore, whatever is mental is material to ones body (Cornman et al. 163). Kinds of materialism: Reductive materialism-...
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Behaviorism
Behaviorism
3 pages (750 words)
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... Teacher's 26th November 2008 Behaviorism Behaviorism drove from the work of John.B.Watson. His claim was that psychology was concerned with behavior rather that mind or consciousness. The foundation of behaviorism is based upon the notion that conditioning causes all behaviors to be acquired after being in constant contact with the environment. The theory stresses on the concept that internal psychological processes are not necessary for explanation of behaviors; rather they are influenced by the external not an internal (mind) environment. The idea of observable behavior made it easier to collect and calculate the information during the research conduction. All methodologies trace thei...
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John Watsons Approach to the Study of Psychology
John Watsons Approach to the Study of Psychology
7 pages (1750 words)
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... JOHN WATSON’S APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY Introduction John Broadus Watson (1878-1958) was an American psychologist who developed the school of behaviorism as the basis for learning, using pioneering experimental studies on animal behavior (Bootzin 1991). In 1913 began publishing a series of publications outlining his behaviorist approach which emphasized the role of environmental stimuli in determining behavior (Glassman & Hadad 2009). Watson stated in his characteristic assertive style, “'Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -...
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Critical Analysis of Child Adolescent Development Theories
Critical Analysis of Child Adolescent Development Theories
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Analysis of Child Adolescent Development Theories Child and adolescent development has been a subject of discussion for decades. The subject has attracted scholars and theories that explain the developmental stages of a human being in detail. In this research paper, the three main development theories, behavioral theory, which is a physical theory, cognitive theory and psychosocial theory will be summarized and analysed. This will be followed by a discussion of the similarities and differences among the three theories. The first developmental theory in this discussion is behavioral theory. Behaviorism theory is a physical development theory that holds that learning is highly influenced by the envir...
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Essential psychology for Managers
Essential psychology for Managers
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Essential psychology for Managers Managers are required to adapt to the challenges that occur in the world, however, in case one leader lacks authentic leadership skills, conflict resolution skills and adequate communication skill, then his/her team will not deliver the required results. Changes are inevitable, and Harlem Fire Department ability to adapt to the challenges that occurred when fire broke Cotton club tested the professionalism of the department manager during a very despairing moment. Cotton Club is a famous for jazz music, and is located at Harlem. Harlem is one the most New York’s neighborhood characterized with many social problems. However, despite the challenges, the manager...
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Rosenthal Effect Psychology Essay
Rosenthal Effect Psychology Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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... and Jacobson (1966) was a study of young children in a room context that aimed explicitly at achieving external validity for experiments conducted on the expectations of rats by human beings. In these earlier experiments, subjects were told either that an animal was high in learning ability or low in learning ability, which the authors then correlated with consequently high performance in the high-expectation animals and low performance in the low-expectation animals. The thought behind Rosenthal and Jacobson (1966), published in the 19th volume of Psychological Reports, was that this determinacy of expectations would occur for young children in the classroom. Robert Rosenthal, who experimented at...
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Foundations of Behavior
Foundations of Behavior
3 pages (750 words)
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... of Behavior Theories of personality are important stepping stones for understanding human development and research. Many theories have been propounded and differ in their beliefs about development. Broadly speaking, there are three important points in each theory as explained below. Firstly, a theory focuses on a particular aspect of development. Some theories stress on social emotional development, some emphasize on cognitive processes while others consider all aspects of development. Secondly, a theory looks at processes to analyze if development is continuous or discontinuous as in stages. Thirdly, a theory emphasizes the role of nature versus nurture or looks at contributions from both. Three ...
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Models of Instructional Design
Models of Instructional Design
4 pages (1000 words)
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... HEAD MODELS OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN Models of Instructional Design Instructional design is a field of study concerned with improving student learning. As a field of study, it provides a theoretical foundation to principles of instructional design, a research base confirming the theoretical foundations, and a direct involvement in the application of those principles. Instructional design theory is often referred to as a prescriptive theory in that the variables and conditions of Instructional design theories are predictable to given learning outcomes. Instructional design practice on the other hand provides the methods and techniques for developing and producing learning environments based on the...
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Nursing Education
Nursing Education
6 pages (1500 words)
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... Human diversity is a complex issue for the nurse, that has many inter-linking facets providing novel situations, ethical dilemmas, and also a wealth of skills, knowledge and competencies to solving critical health and social care issues. Nursing is a social activity and so the range of patient, co-worker and the general public temperaments that personal will come into contact with is vast (Carillo, Green, & Betancourt, 1990; Chevannes, 2002; Serrant-Green, 2001). In order for these therapeutic relationships, however brief, to have an impact on the healing process, it is apparent to that a nurse must develop their communication, caring, justice and fairness skills. With regard to staff developm...
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John B. Watson and Behaviorism
John B. Watson and Behaviorism
4 pages (1000 words)
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... Topic: John B. Watson and Behaviorism Introduction John Broadus Watson defines behaviorism as the scientific study of human behavior. In my view, this definition can simply be taken to refer to the study of people's actions. Most behaviorists hold that nearly all human behavior is stipulated by the environment. It is from this premise that Watson attempted to modify behavior by training animals through the manipulation of their environment which proved to be the most effective way of studying learning (Hothersall, 1995).Watson's use of the stimulus - response model to study animal behavior earned him the title of "the true father of behaviorism" according to Hothersall (1995). This essay explains...
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Teaching: Diabetic Teaching
Teaching: Diabetic Teaching
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Teaching: Diabetic Teaching Modern nursing programs face the need to make changes in the ways are taught to act as educators. Nurses as diabetes educators are viewed as an inseparable part of the healthcare team that works to improve care of diabetic patients. Hence, the need in nurse educators well-versed in diabetic care as well as approaches to diabetes education has to be urgently addressed. Just as teaching future nurses diabetes educators needs to be based on a relevant theoretical framework, various learning theories are discussed as a background of the learning process including constructivism, experiential learning, behaviorism, social learning, psychodynamic, humanistic, and cognitive...
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The role of Theories and Principles in Education for Work - My Philosophy as a lecturer
The role of Theories and Principles in Education for Work - My Philosophy as a lecturer
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Philosophy of Education Philosophy of education Philosophy of education is a method whereby educationalexperience is approached rather than body of conclusions. The specific method is what makes it philosophical. A method that is philosophical is comprehensive, critical and synthetic. It is a philosophical process of solving educational problems by using methods of philosophy from a philosophical attitude to arrive at conclusions and results that are philosophical. It therefore aims at achieving comprehensive and general results (Phillips 2009) The scope of philosophy of education Aims and ideals of education philosophy Education evaluates critically the different ideals and aims of education. The...
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Depend on the choosen activity and the topic
Depend on the choosen activity and the topic
11 pages (2750 words)
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... Introduction. A learning activity is not as simple and direct as it seems to be, for, an activity that looks simple in its action involves a set of complex processes that often remain unnoticed because it happens internally and is often incomprehensible. Different theories such as behaviorist, cognitivist, humanist and socio-cultural have been developed to understand such process. However, in order to unravel the mental processes of an activity a field in psychology was started which came to be known as ‘Cognitive Psychology’, the branch that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember and learn (Dworetzky, 1994). The word ‘learning’ has been defined as “relatively...
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Titchener, Yerkes and Watsons Theories
Titchener, Yerkes and Watson's Theories
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Titchener, Yerkes, and Watson's Theories John B. Watson Watson was an American psychologist who developed the psychological thought of behaviorism. According to his behaviorist approach, he carried out research on animal behavior, advertising, and child bearing (Benjamin, 2006). His article titled, Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It details his position on behaviorist psychology. Thus according to the article, Psychologist stake on behaviorists is supposed to form part of objective experimental division of natural science. Thus, control and prediction constitutes the theoretical goal of behavior. Moreover, introspection does not comprise part of the methods used nor does the scientific...
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Humanistic Psychology
Humanistic Psychology
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1
... Humanistic Psychology Humanistic Psychology As a psychological perspective, humanistic psychology is an approach that has an emphasis on studying the human being as a whole person. This is achieved by psychologists by not only looking at human behaviour through their viewpoint as observers, but also through the viewpoint of the persons exhibiting certain behaviour and each individual’s uniqueness (Sotillos, 2013). This notion stems from the humanistic psychologists’ belief that there is a deep-set connection between a person’s behaviour and both his inner feelings and self concept. In this sense, self concept is used in reference to how people think about themselves and also how they evaluate...
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Paper IntroductionThe purpose of this depth section of the KAM is to critically examine the theories supporting technology based instructional practices aligned with the current educational system
Paper IntroductionThe purpose of this depth section of the KAM is to critically examine the theories supporting technology based instructional practices aligned with the current educational system
6 pages (1500 words)
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... purpose of this in depth section of the KAM is to critically examine the theories supporting technology based on instructional practices aligned with the current educational system. Previously done research studies suggest that technology when used in an effective manner can become a reason for enhancement of student achievement. However, the educational system must undergo systemic change in order to fully adopt and take advantage of constructivist centered technology enhanced instructional practices. It is important that all stakeholders within the educational system understand the nature and complexity of social and cognitive constructivism and act with this knowledge in mind when integrating...
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My Special Education Philosophy
My Special Education Philosophy
6 pages (1250 words)
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... of Contents Table of Contents 1 Special Educational Philosophy 1 Introduction 1 Educational Philosophy 2 Philosophies Not Selected 4 Emotional, Physical, Mental and Social Disabilities and Educational Philosophy 5 Implementation of Special Educational Philosophy 6 Mission Statement as a Special Educator 7 Conclusion 7 References 8 Special Educational Philosophy Introduction Philosophy plays an important role in every person’s life due to which, it is regarded as extremely important by different people. Educational philosophy is a form of philosophy that is adopted by teachers for teaching their students. Educators have different educational philosophies with the help of which, they teach th...
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Application of Theory to Student Learning
Application of Theory to Student Learning
4 pages (1000 words)
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... of Theory to Learning Roll No: Teacher: 1st December 2008 Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Theories and Strategies to improve learning of Students with Disabilities 3 Traditional and Non-Traditional Learning Environments for Students with Disabilities 4 Relationship of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards 5 Personal Success in Learning 6 Role and Benefits of Technology in Schools 6 References 7 Application of Theory to Student Learning Theories and Strategies to improve learning of Students with Disabilities The theories and strategies that are helpful for the improvement of students with learning disabilities are constructivist theory and behaviorist theory. Constructivist...
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Child Development
Child Development
2 pages (500 words)
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... Development Word Count: 500 (2 pages) Chapter 1a Application: A 4-year-old becomes frightened of the dark and refuses to go to sleep at night. How would a psychoanalyst and a behaviorist differ in their views of how this problem developed and what should be done about it. NOTE: Do more than summarize the concepts of the two approaches, here—you must explain concretely how each would explain the problem of fear of the dark and how the perspectives would differ. 

 A psychoanalyst would probably have the young four-year-old recount how the dark made the young child felt internally, and explore “feelings”, while the behaviorist would take a more practical approach and try to show the young child that ...
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The General Process of Classical Conditioning
The General Process of Classical Conditioning
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
... General Process ical Conditioning ical condition was the first type of learning, discovered by a famous Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov, one of the founders of the behaviorist traditions. He developed the concept and proved it as he experimented with the digestive system of dogs. The textbooks say that he found this consistent pattern accidentally, as he noticed the reaction of the dog, when Pavlov's assistant who fed it, came to the room. The thing that surprised the scientist was that the dog began to salivate as it saw the man. After numerous experiments Pavlov developed the concept of classical conditioning. For to explain it we should first give the definition for the terms we are going to ope...
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Perspectives of Early Psychology
Perspectives of Early Psychology
2 pages (500 words)
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... Evolution of Modern Psychology Psychology has existed for centuries under the label of philosophy. Some of the oldest writings attempted to integrate man's evaluation of mind, spirit, and body. Yet, modern psychology has looked deeper into the mind in an effort to pull psychology into the realm of science. Modern psychology, at its heart, is the study of how we solve problems and why we act the way we do. A study of it's evolution and the changes brought about by new thinking and research can be helpful in understanding the state of psychology today. An early psychologist, Pavlov, developed the Behaviorist theory of instruction and stated that learning is based on a change of behavior resulting from ...
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A Study of Human Speech and Language
A Study of Human Speech and Language
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Study of Human Speech and Language There are a number of theories regarding the acquisition of speech and language in human beings. Some scientists theorize that human speech and language must be genetically pre-determined. According to Lieberman, a 2001 study described a gene referred to as FOXP2 that was thought responsible for the acquisition of speech and language in humans (2013). FOXP2 belongs to a group of genes, which synthesis a protein that has ‘foxhead-box’ domains (Lieberman, 2013). Over the years, there has been much improvement in the evidence that supports that human genetics are responsible for the attainment of human speech and language. The development of language and speech starts ...
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Contrast the behaviourist approach in psychology with any ONE of the following: The humanistic approach, the psychoanalytic appr
Contrast the behaviourist approach in psychology with any ONE of the following: The humanistic approach, the psychoanalytic appr
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Contrast the behaviorists approach with the cognitive approach Contrast the behaviorists approach with the cognitive approach Human behavior is acquired, therefore all behavior can be untrained, and different behaviors studied to replace the old ones. Behaviorism is primarily concerned with the noticeable and measurable features of human actions (Tennant, 1997). Therefore, when actions become undesirable, they can be destroyed or deterred. Behaviorism regards development as an endless process in which learners play a relatively passive role. It is a general approach used in a variety of settings including both scientific and educational. This paper presents a contrast of the behaviorist approach in...
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John Watson: How his personal life helped shape his theory of behaviorism
John Watson: How his personal life helped shape his theory of behaviorism
7 pages (1750 words)
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... Behaviorism Behaviorism His father having left them, Watson was raised by a single religious mother. Despite his mother’s effort to join a religion, Watson stood strongly against it. Instead, he followed his father’s ways of life of drunkenness and promiscuity. Watson’s behavior was crooked because he abused his teacher and the black children. Besides that, he was arrested for committing crimes. Watson improved his academic performance at the university where he obtained his PhD in 25. He became a professor of Psychology at Chicago and Johns Hopkins and did a lot of research in Psychology and Behaviorism. He published many materials on his research. Watson was married to Rosalie having divorced...
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Organizational behaviour
Organizational behaviour
8 pages (2000 words)
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... Psychology vs. Cognitive Psychology Before going into the details regarding similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches, let’s first understand the concept of learning based on behavioral psychology and cognitive psychology. Behavioral Psychology The other name is behaviorism. Introduced by John B. Watson in 1913, it is based on the concept that the behavior an individual possesses is a result of his observation, experiences and conditioning, and that the circumstances and the environment a person lives in are responsible for making him behave the way he does. Murray, Grossman and Kentridge (2000) define behavioral psychology as a “subset of psychology that focuses...
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Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
Humanistic and Existential Aspects of Personality
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
... What is Positive Psychology Understanding and facilitating happiness and ive well being is the central objective of positive psychology. Happiness and well being, in this context refer to both positive feelings such as joy or serenity, and to positive states such as those involving flow or absorption. Postive emotions facilitate both tolerant thinking and productivity. Positive psychology is a science of positive aspects of human life, such as happiness, well being and flourishing. It can be defined as the scientific study of optimal human functioning that aims to discover and promote the factors that allow the individuals and communities to thrive. According to (Snyder,2011,pg. 48) “Positive...
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Perspectives of John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner and Edward C. Tolman
Perspectives of John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner and Edward C. Tolman
5 pages (1250 words)
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... Perspectives of John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner and Edward C. Tolman While this paper is to discuss the comparative perspectives of the three personalities, related to modern psychology, a brief detail on the individual perspective makes an introduction to this essay. John Broadus Watson J..B. Watson was born on Jan.9th.1878 and did a commendable research on animal behavior. Watson being an American psychologist established the psychological school of behaviorism. While conducting the “Little Albert” experiment, Watson continued to write on the topics ranging from psychology to child bearing. The author is known to claim that he can turn any twelve healthy infants into the kind of personality he desires...
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Questions
Questions
3 pages (750 words)
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... Part According to Hume, use of just the a priori reasoning cannot prove the existence of anything. Hume claims that since people do nothave any abstract concept of the existence of God other than what forms part of their concepts of other things, people cannot claim that God exists because the idea exists. Hume says that any idea of God that people have can be conceived both as of existing and of not existing. According to Hume, since existence is not perfection or quality, there is no need of existence of a concept of a being that is completely perfect. This leads Hume to the conclusion that there is no such being whose existence can be demonstrated. Hence, Hume argues that denial of God’s...
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Behavioral, Cognitive, and Constructivist Theories of Learning
Behavioral, Cognitive, and Constructivist Theories of Learning
3 pages (750 words) , Download 2
... Head: BEHAVIORAL, COGNITIVE & CONSTRUCTIVIST THEORIES Behavioral, Cognitive and Constructivist Theories of Learning AIU OnlineAbstract Students are taught in educational institutions on the basis of learning theories. Three famous learning theories are behavioral, cognitive and constructivist learning theories. All the theories have their own critical features that should be considered before adopting them for teaching students. Behavioral theory of learning deal with behavior transformation of students, cognitive theory of learning deals with brain knowledge while constructivist theory of learning deal with practical acquirement of knowledge by the students. All the theories are applicable in differ...
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Psychological Perspectives of Behavior
Psychological Perspectives of Behavior
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 1
... Perspectives of Behavior Introduction Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. The scholarly study of history of psychology can be traced back to the history of Greeks India, china, and ancient Egypt. Psychology as a study started in 1879, with the founding of the first laboratory by Wilhelm Wundt, which was exclusively meant for psychological research. Though there were marked developments of psychology in the 19th century like psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud and anthropometrics by Francis Galton, major revolutions and growth in this field were witnessed in the 20th century by studies and perspectives of John B. Watson, Edward C. Tolman and B. F. Skinner. In reaction to Wundt’s imperialism by...
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