Nobody downloaded yet

Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The authors recognized that the World Health Organization had associated particulate matter air pollution with over 800,000 deaths on an annual…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.6% of users find it useful
Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health"

Download file to see previous pages The authors sought to analyze some of the mechanisms involved in the association between particulate matter air pollution and human morbidity. Based on their findings, the authors also sought to highlight some recommendations for public health about the adverse effects of particulate matter. The authors relied on a systematic review approach, which gives attention to existing literature. In their systematic review, the authors considered literature published in the last 30 years. As mentioned above, they sought to identify literature that highlighted the association between particulate matter and human health.
The authors carried out a search on PubMed database using the search word (PM, air pollution, coarse particles, ultrafine particles, and fine particles). The authors selected the most relevant articles ensuring that there was a balance between both positive and negative studies. The literature review gave preference to epidemiological investigations as well as well-conducted trials. The authors used a thematic framework in the synthesis of evidence in the identified articles. Therefore, they identified articles that talked about the particulate matter and cardiovascular health effects, particulate matter and respiratory health effects, and particulate matter and cerebrovascular health effects. Under each of these themes, the authors gave specific attention to both short-term and long-term effects, the prevalence of morbidity, mortality rates, the mechanisms involved, health care utilization and medication usage. Since the study focused on a systematic review, the authors sought to discuss their findings after highlighting the main themes evident in the articles (p. 169). There were no statistical tests used in the study. However, the researchers compared the findings highlighted in the selected literature to draw their conclusions.
Findings from the systematic review highlighted that particulate matter has significant effects on the human ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1695822-clearing-the-air-a-review-of-the-effects-of-particulate-matter-air-pollution-on-human-health
(Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Essay)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1695822-clearing-the-air-a-review-of-the-effects-of-particulate-matter-air-pollution-on-human-health.
“Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1695822-clearing-the-air-a-review-of-the-effects-of-particulate-matter-air-pollution-on-human-health.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health

Air Pollution

...and cardiovascular diseases. Individuals exposed to unhealthy ozone and particulate matter levels may be subject to cardiovascular and respiratory diseases such as asthma attack, neurophilic inflammation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Previous studies have indicated that long-term exposure to air pollution at ambient levels increases the risk of mortality. Furthermore, literature reviewed in this paper also identified that most of those whose health condition is affected by low quality air levels are from low-income or minority groups. These discoveries contribute to the etiological factors, temporal...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Discussion: Air Pollution Effects

...? Air Pollutioneffects Air pollution is caused when harmful substances are discharged into the air by human activities and cause damage to human beings, animals, plants and also the natural environment. Natural events like volcanic eruptions and forest fires also contribute towards air pollution. (Wijetilleke & Karunaratne, 1995, p.10) There are many types of air pollution. The common types are acid rain, smog, greenhouse effect and damage in ozone layer. All these types can cause serious damage to human health (What is Air Pollution, n.d.). There are two main air pollutants that cause most damage to human beings and environment. One is sulphur dioxide which is produced when fuels like coal and oil are burned during smelting... or from...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Air Pollution Cause and Effects

...of this reality are far-reaching, cataclysmic and are happening now. Hundreds of coal-fired electric power plants and other smoke-stack industries along with hundreds of thousands of vehicles contribute to a significant public health problem by emitting the waste fumes produced by burning fossil fuels. Many studies have acknowledged that a wide array of undesirable health issues occur due to air pollution exposure including higher instances of respiratory illness, cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, atherosclerosis, emergency room trips and premature death. Exposure to the particulate matter found in air...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Air pollution

... pollution affects human beings and the environment. The short term effects of air pollution include pneumonia, irritation of the nose, skin, throat, and eyes, nausea, and headaches. Aside from this unpleasant odor from factories, garbage, clogged drainage systems also cause air pollution. On the other hand, the long-term effects of air pollution to health include lung cancer, respiratory and heart diseases, and can also lead to nerves and organ damage. If a person has already heart and lung disease or asthma, air pollution may worsen the situation. In relation to environmental effects, air pollution can also cause harm to the environment by contaminating the water and the soil. If this occurs, trees and crops will be polluted... can cause...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

The Effects of Air Pollution

...The Effects of Air Pollution You don't have to be a rocket scientist to understand that technology has now reached to zenith. But, despite the advancement in technologies, it is still difficult to deal with so many problems being faced by mankind. One of the most pressing issues of today's world is none other than the air pollution. There are different sources of air pollution and all of them can create bad effects on health of all living things. Though it is a fact that there has been an improvement in air quality in the last 20 years, which is the outcome of many steps...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Air Pollution

...Air Pollution: A Worldview Clean air is a natural resource that is shared by all living things on Earth. Maintaining air quality is critical to the well being of humans as well as the plants and animals that inhabit the planet. The failure to maintain air quality can be seen in the large metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles and Tokyo where many residents require specialized breathing equipment to go outside during air quality alerts. Often we see the results as smog, but many times the air pollution is odorless, colorless, and is only detected by air quality monitoring...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Air pollution

...forward by each of the authors are also different. Vidal focuses on the negative impact of air pollution on human health and life, while Glass sticks to his argument that air pollution is a problem that has been around for a long time. Vidal’s tone is more forward and forceful than Glass’s whose main aim is to inform and not to admonish like Vidal has done. Conclusion The two articles discussed above do not belittle the danger of air pollution. Both delve into the matter with an aim to inform. However, as much as both talk of the same subject, they take completely different...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Health effects of air pollution

...Introduction The negative effect of air pollution on the respiratory health is a growing global concern. Emissions from industries, automobiles and tobacco smoke are some of the major outdoor air pollutants, released in form of noxious gases, aerosols, particulate matter, and smoke in the atmosphere. Some of the toxic gases that pollute air include sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, chlorofluorocarbons, and carbon dioxide among other gases. Particulate matter consists of a composite combination of solid, liquid,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Air Pollution

...Air Pollution Chart Issue Sources Health/Environmental Effects Carbon dioxide (CO2) -Combustion of fossil fuels such as coal - Industrial processes such as metal production -High levels of CO2 cause headache, nausea -High levels of CO2 can also cause asphyxiation -Excess amount of carbon dioxide contribute to the greenhouse effect as it trap heat in the atmosphere. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) -Mainly produced from body and hair sprays, chemical found in old refrigeration and air conditioners -It breaks down ozone through a chemical reaction, therefore, depleting the ozone layer. Ground-level ozone (O3) -Produced by photochemical...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework

Air Pollution

... Air Pollution The pollution of the air is the introduction of particulate matter, biological substances and other materials in the atmosphere. The introduction of these materials may lead to disease or even death to the natural ecosystems, including plants, animals, and human beings. Air pollution has been a controversial topic since the industrial and agricultural revolution. Continues to attract a heated discussion to date based on the dangers that it causes to the natural ecosystems. This paper discusses air pollution by defining it, explaining its causes, and what needs to be done to control the pollution of the earth’s atmosphere. Air pollution emanates from air pollutants. These are substances that have adverse effects... in the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health for FREE!

Contact Us