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Strategies to Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions - Research Paper Example

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The research paper "Strategies to Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions" proves the effectiveness of policy measures as among the best strategies to address global greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, a measure to combat climate change effects…
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Strategies to Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions
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 Strategies to Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions Which Agreements Should IPCC Member Countries Make To Reduce Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions?Global warming has vast negative implications on the environment and its impacts are global. Currently, it attracts the attention of international institutions and governments from developed and developing nations because of the need work in coordination (Solomon et al., 2010). Previous studies prove the effectiveness of policy measures as among the best strategies to address global greenhouse gas emissions and, consequently, a measure to combat climate change effects. Such policies set by developed and developing nations that are members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have been fundamental in articulating measures to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. The UK, for instance, initiated its 2010 to 2015 policy on greenhouse gas emissions (Committee on Climate Change, 2015). The U.S has policies aimed at reducing the level of emission of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, 2013). EPA proposed emission standards to be recognized by states (ALEC, 2014; Utech, 2014). President Obama’s action plan on climate change also articulate measures to reduce carbon emission levels (US Climate Action Network, 2014). Besides, similar policies in other IPCC member countries have been instrumental in articulating measures to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. Globally, UNEP launched a framework for reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 (UNEP, 2011). The WMO, in coordination with UNEP, initiated the IPCC in 1988 with the mandate to regulate global warming. Under the panel, member countries work on a global policy strategy to reduce climate change and manage its influence following the agreements drafted at Lima, Peru. The draft by the nations stipulates that developing and developed countries would be responsible for fighting against global warming under different circumstances (Nordhaus, 2011). However, policies set by IPCC member countries have not proved as viable strategies to combat climate change. That demands reforms in existing policies or relevant adjustments to that effect. The research question is, which agreements should IPCC member countries make to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions?
References
American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) (2014). Resolution Concerning EPA Proposed Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards for New and Existing Fossil-Fueled Power Plants. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from http://www.alec.org/model-legislation/resolution-concerning-epa-proposed-greenhouse-gas-emission-standards-for-new-and-existing-fossil-fueled-power-plants/
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. (2013, February 15). Policy Basics: Policies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from http://www.cbpp.org/research/policy-basics-policies-to-reduce-greenhouse-gas-emissions
Committee on Climate Change (2015, May 7). Policy Paper 2010 To 2015 Government Policy: Greenhouse Gas Emission. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/2010-to-2015-government-policy-greenhouse-gas-emissions/2010-to-2015-government-policy-greenhouse-gas-emissions
Nordhaus, W. D. (2011). The architecture of climate economics: Designing a global agreement on global warming. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 67 (1), 9-18.
Solomon, S., Rosenlof, K. H., Portmann, R. W., Daniel, J. S., Davis, S. M., Sanford, T. J., & Plattner, G. K. (2010). Contributions of Stratospheric Water Vapor to Decadal Changes in the Rate of Global Warming. Science, 327 (5970), 1219-1223.
UNEP (2011). The Emissions Gap Report 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from http://www.unep.org/publications/ebooks/emissionsgapreport/
US Climate Action Network. (2014). President Obama’s Climate Action Plan. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from http://www.usclimatenetwork.org/policy/presidents-climate-action-plan
Utech, D. (2014, June 02). By the Numbers: The EPA's Proposed New Carbon Pollution Standards for Power Plants. The White House. Retrieved May 18, 2015 from https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/06/02/numbers-epas-proposed-new-carbon-pollution-standards-power-plants Read More
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