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Biodiversity and The Endangered Species Act of 1973 - Essay Example

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It consents to a frequently updated record of endangered species i.e. those species that have an alarmingly low population and endangered…
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Biodiversity and The Endangered Species Act of 1973
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Biodiversity and the Endangered Species Act of 1973 Biodiversity and the Endangered Species Act of 1973 Biodervisty and The Endangered Species Act of 1973 was a law drafted in order to protect endangered species from elimination or extinction. It consents to a frequently updated record of endangered species i.e. those species that have an alarmingly low population and endangered species i.e. those essentially facing close to extinction. Any species added to the list is permitted by ESA as a recuperation arrangement to aids that species go back to a healthy number in population (Glen, 2006).
The EAS should be strengthened to protect the national overall biodiversity. It is vital to put the ESA in a universal environment of species biodiversity and extinction loss. A majority of biologists and ecologists take high biodiversity to be a sign of a healthy environment. Species in an ecosystem rely on one another as food and shelter sources in order to survive. Species create symbiotic relations, operate in a complex chain, do away with one species from the chain, and the repercussions are not easy to foretell. An ecosystem that counts on a few species is more susceptible to infection, famine, and other types of destruction. The more the species the more the possibility that several of them are well prepared to endure a transformation in the environment (Glen, 2006).
Owing to habitat loss, contamination, hunting, invasive species, and other causes, many species are quickly becoming extinct. Some of the extinction is a part of the ordinary course of nature, the United States of America geological Survey approximates that without human interference extinction would occur 100 times less and that this rate over time goes on to speed up. Subsequent to the passing of the ESA in the USA, the global community came up with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora that facilitates the preservation of species around the world (Minteer & Collins, 2005).
The ESA should not be by any chance be rewritten to benefit commercial interests. It is however important to ensure a sense of balance in the need for economic growth and development with the need for ecological protection and conservation, as well as become accustomed to universal principles to local conditions however, this is extraordinarily tricky. By serving commercial interests such as mining, the already alarming rates of extinction will only be higher. Mining for example destroys habitats that are homes to some of this endangered species and therefore mining would only serve to fasten the process of extinction of some plant and animal species. It has been observed from research that hunting and other human activities can greatly endanger a species almost to its extinction (Raloff, 2006). For example, grizzly bear numbers have reduced to a meager two percent of their previous range because of a combination of too much hunting, alteration of habitat for human use and breakup of habitat originating from such things as wide-ranging networks of logging roads. Grizzly bears were put under federal management once they were listed under the Endangered Species Act in 1975. Now, less than 250 bears occupied the Yellowstone area. Since then, the harmonized effort of private citizens, federal agencies, state and conservation organizations have amplified this numbers to more than 600 bears.
In sum, the biodiversity and endangered species act of 1973 needs to be re-written in order to cover all the species that are under threat.
References
Glenn, C. R. (2006). Earths Endangered Creatures. Retrieved on 15 March 2013 from http://earthsendangered.com/
Minteer, B. A., & Collins, J. P. (2005). Why we need an ecological ethics. New York, NY Kindle Books.
Raloff, J. (2006). Preserving Paradise. Science News, 170(6), 92. Read More
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