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Nuclear Power - Research Paper Example

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This paper discusses probable penalties of establishing nuclear power, which is a controversial alternative to fossil fuels. Moreover, negative ramifications of the hydropower energy option are evident…
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Nuclear Power Task Nuclear Power Introduction Energy sources present drawbacks and advantages when individuals use them. This paper discusses probable penalties of establishing nuclear power, which is a controversial alternative to fossil fuels. Moreover, negative ramifications of the hydropower energy option are evident throughout the paper. In particular, the paper focuses on Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and the 20th century Chernobyl nuclear meltdown. Finally, the paper highlights the reward versus risk aspects when using nuclear energy.
Negative Ramifications
Hydropower energy has the following negative ramifications: first, there is a disruption of the natural flow of rivers. Energy experts build huge dams in order to seize the water, which generates hydropower energy. Consequently, these constructions disrupt flow of rivers, which further result to plausible natural calamities for example, overflows in rivers. In addition, the construction of dams facilitates the impediment of natural flow of sediments in the river. Variably, the impediment results to rivers losing their banks. Moreover, individuals lose their existence because of the evictions, which follow the construction of the dams (Murray 2009).
Development of nuclear power facilitates the following consequences: first, from the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster an individual depicts that the power supply in a nuclear plant suffers susceptibility of disability. For example, the machinery at Fukushima experienced a major nuclear accident because of the consequent chilling of the elements of retort. In addition, there are usually, constant releases of radioactive materials, which poison such paramount phenomenon as rivers (Bodansky 2004).
Variably, contaminated waters from the plants leak out and cause melanoma and other precarious ailments to individuals. However, the Fukushima Nuclear Plant presents such advantages as generation of a significant high amount of energy from that single plant. Consequently, the plant does not release green house gases, which result to negative aftermaths of worldwide warming. Clearly, unconventional sources of power produce harmful green houses gases hence causing mountains to lose their snowing abilities (Bodansky 2004).
Second, the Chernobyl Nuclear Meltdown released twenty five percent of radioactive reactor materials. Additionally, the historical accident registers deaths of individuals and continuous re-settlement of people who lived around that area. Further, there were various psychological impacts on the people who experienced the Chernobyl accident (Bodansky 2004).
Positive Ramifications
Although the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant had the above negative consequences, it is noteworthy to mention that it has the following advantages: first, the plant uses uranium in its generation of a great surge of energy because uranium does not deplete easily, hence making it convenient. Second, the plant lessens the overdependence to other countries because they do not depend on foreign fossil fuels. Consequently, the nuclear plant offers a consistent supply of energy over a long period devoid of easy depletion (Murray 2009).
Conclusion
In conclusion, there ought to be proper regulation of any nuclear plant in order to minimize on the plausible accidents. Further, only competent personnel must have permission to handle such delicate plants. Finally, nuclear energy has valid advantages only with proper implementation and adequate supervision. Therefore, there ought to be conduction of intensive research in order to improve the utility of nuclear energy.
References
Bodansky, D. (2004). Nuclear energy: Principles, practices, and prospects. New York, NY: Springer.
Murray, R. L. R. (2009). Nuclear energy: An introduction to the concepts, systems, and applications of nuclear processes. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann/Elsevier Read More
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