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Drought and Bad Water Supply - Coursework Example

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The paper "Drought and Bad Water Supply" highlights that systems of drought monitoring and forecasting must be able to warn on the occurrence of a drought in the future, and procedures of its management based on simulation of water supply under different scenarios…
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Drought and Bad Water Supply
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Download file to see previous pages Although drought has several causes and is associated with numerous negative consequences, it can be properly managed using various strategies.
Drought has a long history that can be traced as far back as the biblical times of Joseph. It is one of the earliest climatic events that are documented. Presently it is associated with the Epic of Gilgamesh and later the exodus of Israelites from Egypt. It has been there since the times of early man, in Africa and the rest of the world. In modern society, it is possible for people to mitigate the impacts of drought through crop rotation and irrigation. If people fail to develop and implement mitigation strategies, drought, and bad water supply they will incur grave costs. The worst droughts that have been experienced in the world are the droughts of the 1980s and 1990s. The most severe and historical drought was experienced in the basin of river Simeto.

Climate is what determines the water supply. Temperatures of the air determine the level of water demand, while precipitation is the only source of renewing water. If people can clearly understand past climatic conditions, they can predict future conditions and hence adapt and limit the level of hardship faced during drought. It is evident that drought comes in a certain pattern that repeats itself seasonally, annually and inter-annually.

Estimates by the United Nations indicate that one-third of the world’s population is affected by water shortages (United Nations, 23). The UN states that about 1.1 billion people lack safe water for drinking and those without enough water for sanitation stand at 2.6 billion (United Nations, 23). Consequently, deaths and diseases have increased due to the use of contaminated water. Children from developing countries are the most affected with 3,900 of them dying every day from diarrhea and insufficient or bad water-related conditions (United Nations 24). ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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