Free

Water Contamination - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The author of the paper tells about the water contamination by Buckeye farm which led to a massive manure spill in Otter Fork Creek Hills (Ohio History Central). This spill was responsible for killing 150,000 fish as the farm underwent expansion to fit in the production of more eggs…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.1% of users find it useful
Water Contamination
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Water Contamination"

Water Contamination June 19 2009 Water pollution Water pollution is used to describe a body that is inadvertently affected by materials that make the content of the water unfit for use (Krantz & Kefferstein).
In 1980, Anton Pohlmann arrived in Licking County, Ohio and bought 2,200 acres of farmland to start an egg producing facility (Egg cruelty).
In 1983, Buckeye farm led to a massive manure spill in Otter Fork Creek Hills (Ohio History Central). This spill was responsible for killing 150,000 fish as the farm underwent expansion to fit in the production of more eggs.
1999 proved that Buckeye Farm had not done anything to reduce its manure content. Manure lagoons burst and killed fish for fifteen-miles in Racoon Creek. This time Pohlmann was mandated a cleanup by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. When this call was ignored, Ohio filed a lawsuit against the farm for breaking environmental laws and threatening to seize the Pohlmann’s assets if he did not comply.
Farms do two things to chicken manure: dump it in any available water resource or use it on the fields. Pohlmann decided to 14.1 tons of land-applied manure to one acre. This was done despite the recommendation limiting manure to six tons per acre (Rish). According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, Ohio has no Clean Water Act permits that specify control over livestock operations like Buckeye’s chicken farm. Also, Ohio’s Trade Secrecy act permits factories like the Buckeye farm to dump their manure in any off-site location without revealing the area.
However, it is not the manure spill alone that affects the poison content of the water. The intensive confinement of thousands of chickens can result in manure that is far beyond the soil’s absorption rate. The runoff that results from this heavy manure can cause not only water pollution but also affect the land. In the water, it causes eutrophication which makes the soil so rich in organic and mineral content that the amount of oxygen in the water is depleted (HSUS 2005). The difference is that while the plants in the water thrive, the animal life in the water body suffers.
This contamination includes more than manure dumping, the egg washing process makes it necessary for soap and broken egg shells to also become part of the water body.
This contamination is not a problem for the land and animals alone. The polluted water that drains into the rivers is a percentage of the drinking water for the humans in that area. Grant claims that 60% of the water dumped into these rivers is used as drinking water by the locals of Ohio (1998).
Thus, Buckeye farm profited from a number of loopholes in Ohio’s state program. The farm was not forced to reveal the places it dumped the manure preventing the citizens from knowing if the manure is not being properly disposed in streams or wells. Ohio’s environmental body also has the permission to ask for the management of livestock manure if any farm has more than 1000 livestock units: like the Buckeye Farm. However, it never uses this power and instead allows farms to discharge its waste in waterways. Thus, no changes have been bought in the law despite the various law suits against the Buckeye farm.
The Buckeye Farm was finally shutdown in 2004 and sold to Ohio Fresh eggs (Toleda Business Journal).


Bibliography
Grant D, April 13 1998, Hearing Set for Tuesday on egg farm application, The Courtier
HSUS :Humane Society of the United States 2005, Marks Dairy Farm Manure Spill Threatens Environment and Public Health viewed June 19 2009 http://www.hsus.org/farm/news/ournews/marks_dairy_farm_manure_spill.html
Natural Resources Defense Council, America’s animal factories: How states fail to prevent pollution from livestock waste, viewed June 19 2009, http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/factor/stohi.asp
Krantz D & Kafferstein B, Water pollution and society, viewed June 19 2009, http://www.umich.edu/~gs265/society/waterpollution.htm
Ohio History Central, Buckeye Egg Farm, viewed June 19 2009, http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1672
Rish J, Americas Animal Factories: How States Fail to Prevent Pollution from Livestock Waste, Natural resources Defense Council, viewed June 19 2009 http://www.nrdc.org/water/pollution/factor/stohi.asp
Toleda Business Journal, 2005, Buckeye Egg Farm in contempt of Court, viewed June 19 2009 http://www.allbusiness.com/north-america/united-states-ohio-metro-areas-toledo/995183-1.html Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Water Contamination Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1555862-water-contamination
(Water Contamination Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1555862-water-contamination.
“Water Contamination Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1555862-water-contamination.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Water Contamination

Investigation on Hertfordshire Water Supply Contamination

... Investigation on Hertfordshire Water Supply Contamination Introduction: Water contamination is a serious issue of concern (Gleick, Allen & Cohen, 2011, p.285) among individuals since the contamination of drinking water has significant impacts on the health of human beings. The water supplies are responsible to test the water that they supply to the common people such that they are free from impurities and contain minimal amounts of contaminants. In order to maintain the admissible levels of contaminants and to supply water that is safe for the common people, there are drinking water standards that different water supply systems are required to follow (Zaslow & Herman, 1996). Such an issue of water contamination is also reflected... by the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Food Contamination

...?Food Contamination Food contamination is extremely dangerous and people need to watch carefully what they're eating. Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) discovered fungicide in orange juice and in 2011 discovered another string of E coli outbreaks in Michigan. While these are some of the most prominent recent examples, it’s clear that food contamination in a variety of forms is a pressing issue in the contemporary world environment. Indeed, the impacts of food contamination and foodborne illness can be anywhere as small as an upset stomach to as serious as fatality. With such profound implications, one recognizes there is a strong need for further...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Water Quality and Contamination

...? Water Quality and Contamination. Introduction. Water quality and contamination is the topic under which this experiment was conducted to test the effects of ground water contamination on the quality of water. There are various sources of ground water contaminants and they all have various levels effect on water quality. The most common ground water contaminants come from human activities that involve dumping of waste materials in the environment which eventually seeps into ground water reserves. Ground...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Ground water contamination issue due to the use of septic tanks in Monroe County Florida (Florida Keys)

...Ground Water Contamination and use of Septic Tanks in Florida Keys area Introduction While Florida Keys has Gulf of Mexico on one side and Atlantic Ocean on the other side, it covers a vast area of around 150 mile starting from the southern tip of the state. It is rich in the natural coral reef and marine habitats that face the real environmental threat due to man made mistakes and faulty sewage system, which causes serious damage to the natural marine atmosphere. The human waste seepage into the aquatic environment has endangered the living coral reef and other marine living organism, forcing closure of some of the beaches in the area. The problem is so acute that the change in the natural green color of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Contamination and Remediation

...to the environment and human health include corrosiveness, explosiveness, toxicity, combustibility and carcinogenicity. A site can also be called contaminated if an identified part of land has a higher identified contaminant in concentrations compared to the level of concentrations in a land that is non-contaminated. In the present era, site contamination has become a real issue as it produces various critical impacts regarding environment, water, human health, and economy of any specific country. Contamination of sites has become a problem due to increased redevelopment of agricultural and industrial land. 2. Assessment of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Wichita Confronts Contamination

...Review of the Wichita Confronts Contamination case study The Wichita Confronts Contamination case study mentions that political bargaining is essential because it gives every party a win-win situation. This is most notably because of the misunderstandings that were experienced between all the parties. The political bargaining in Cherchers point of view gave everyone a piece of the bargaining objective. This made everyone at least pleased with the offer in place rather than pleasing some and displeasing the rest hence the term “win-win situation”. The political bargaining played an important role in the outcome which was unifying the central government. This led to the application of a federalist system...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

WATER QUALITY AND CONTAMINATION

...Our Water, Quality and Contamination Blanca L. Potes SCI 207: Dependence of man on the environment Prof. Walter Lambert 17 Jun2 Our Water, Quality and Contamination Abstract: This lab report focuses on exploring how ground water could be affected by contaminants present in the environment everyday. Water is essential fot the existence of all living things, including human beings. Therefore, it is impportant for humans to be able to get safe drinking water in order to fulfill their basic sustenance. However, access to safe drinking water is dependent not only on the “quality of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Lab Report

Environmental Contamination

...likelihood that some contaminants escape notice. Contaminants like 1,4 dioxane has been found to be persistent in the environment especially since it binds to water and relatively hard to remove since small concentration of it have been found in water even after purification and filtration. Most of the water supply has been found contaminated by 1, 4 dioxane that is an indicator of environmental transport of contaminants from the point source into the environment. Most of the contaminants has significant effects on the environment, and most researcher evaluates these results based on productivity. Soil...
4 Pages(1000 words)Lab Report

Reasons for Water Contamination in the Russian Federation

...Part A. - Case Study Topic: Use of natural resources: “Reasons for water contamination in the Russian Federation” The Russian Federation belongs to one of the 10 states that possess enormous water resources: about 60% of the world’s available freshwater supply (World Business Council for Sustainable development, 2009). According to the statistics, presented in the Little Green Data Book (2010), the Russian Federation has such indicators: 16, 378 thousands of sq.km. - land Area (World Bank 2010, 176); 142 millions - human population (World Bank 2010, 176); 30, 350 cu.m. of internal freshwater resources per capita (World Bank 2010, 176); 88% of rural population and 100% of urban...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Water Contamination for FREE!

Contact Us