Nobody downloaded yet

Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues (Part 2) Name Subject Teacher Date               Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues (Part 2) The National Fluoridation Information Service, through Chris Nokes, made it a point to explain the reason behind the fluoridation of water in Hamilton City, the potential benefits it would bring, and the lack of validity of the claims against the fluoridation of water…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues"

Download file to see previous pages Nevertheless, there are three things I have learned from the lecture of Nokes. One of these is that the claims to the negative effects of fluoride on the human body – weakening of bones, Down syndrome, Cancer, birth defects, reproductive effects, renal and gastrointestinal effects, lower IQ, and other bone disorders – basically have no scientific bases (Nokes). Moreover, these claims may have only been due to traditional knowledge about the harmful effects of fluoride as a raw material and in large amounts. I have also learned from this that I should not believe advertisements or negative propaganda or any type right away. Furthermore, I believe that the best thing to do with something confusing is to deal with it in a logical way, specifically by using “What, Why, When, How, Where, Who” (Nokes). Through this logical investigation on fluoridation as explained by Nokes, one can find out that much of the claims that other people have against fluoride are actually unsubstantiated by scientific evidence and logic. The second thing I have learned is that the potential harm from fluoride is least likely to happen because although fluoride can be harmful in large amounts, the government has set a limit to this. This limit is actually a standard value at 0.01 g/mL while the actual amount of fluoride added by the city government to water is 0.001 g/mL. This is just a mere 10% of the actual threshold value, which means that it is impossible that the fluoride will ever cause any harm. However, I would still like to think that the harm that fluoride causes may not exactly depend solely on the amount. Sometimes, I would like to think that fluoride is like acid that no matter what the amount, it will cause some damage to the material. The third thing I have learned from Nokes’ lecture is that just a small amount of fluoride is added to the water and that even this amount relative to water is much smaller in concentration. For example, although fluoride is 134,000 mg in 1 kilogram of the HFA compound, this seemingly large amount of fluoride actually only translates as 7.46 x 10-6 kg/L when mixed with water (Nokes). This means that water is a great neutralizer of chemicals as it is the universal solvent. The fluoride in water therefore, if water fluoridation is to be carried out soon, is definitely much lower than what can possibly cause any harm. However, as what I have explained earlier, sometimes some chemical reactions may kill someone regardless of the amount of the reactants involved. This means that a small amount of fluoride may actually still cause some harm which is just as intense as when it is caused by fluoride above safe levels. Moreover, sometimes I would like to think that some damage caused by fluoride may accumulate in the human body as more and more fluoride is being ingested through fluoridated water. Furthermore, there could also be some complications that will take some time before it can take effect as a disease. In fact, although I am convinced by Nokes’ lecture, he did not shed light on all the aspects of the fluoridation of water. I would therefore like to suggest that there should be a more thorough investigation of the case of the fluoridation of water in Hamilton City. All aspects should be answered especially those involved in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1487082-fluoridation-and-toxicity-issues
(Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1487082-fluoridation-and-toxicity-issues.
“Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1487082-fluoridation-and-toxicity-issues.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues

Toxicity from Heavy Metals

...? TABLE OF CONTENT The Toxi of Heavy Metals 2 Chapter One Introduction 2 Heavy Metals 2 Toxi in Heavy Metals 3 Toxic Effects of Heavy Metals 5 References 11 The Toxicity of Heavy Metals 2 Chapter One Introduction 2 Heavy Metals 2 Toxicity in Heavy Metals 3 Toxic Effects of Heavy Metals 5 References 11 The Toxicity of Heavy Metals Chapter One Introduction Heavy Metals The term heavy metal is an improperly defined subsidiary category of the elements that have the properties of metals. Several definitions of the term heavy metal have been forthcoming, and these are founded on atomic number, density, atomic weight, chemical properties or...
20 Pages(5000 words)Dissertation

Toxicity testing

...?In addition to the destruction, direct loss of property and lives, the disaster of the World Trade Center had a wide variety of detrimental effects a substantial percentage of which are related to toxicology. The major concern after the disaster of the World Trade Center was the airborne toxicology which threatened human health in a radius of more than 6 miles from the site. The dust which issued out into the air due to the collapse of the World Trade Center tower included a wide range of toxic elements and compound having highly injurious effects on human health. The airborne dust from the collapse and fumes from the burning of the towers blanketed Lower Manhattan with dust containing a complex mixture...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Chemistry - Fluoridation of Water

...) Following are some of the side effects learnt after lot of research Children and infants are suffering with higher chances of developing dental and skeletal Fluorosis in future. (Connett) Systemic damages-Fluorosis can have disturbances with brain function, may lower down IQ, can affect pineal gland causing early onset of puberty and thyroid gland function. (Connett) Skeletal crisis-Fluorosis makes bone sensitive causing frequent fractures. (Connett) There are also some evidences showing Fluorosis toxicity resulting in Osteosarcoma (Bone Cancer) and altered reproductive functions but according to National Health Council these cases demand more research. (Connett) Conclusion There is no doubt that...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Toxicity of Nanomaterials

...?The Toxi of Nanomaterials Introduction The science of na chnology has become popular in the modern world making it a common application for alarge number of scientific studies and research. This extensive groth of technology has raised a safety concern of health and the environment. According to Powell and Kanarek a cell culture study on plants and animals have indicated that there are dangers related with nanomaterials to the environment. This research has therefore suggested that nanomaterials are toxic. As a background to this, it has been identified that governments and other stakeholders in the private sector have invested in this technology with high hopes of reaping a high level of benefits to the society because...
4 Pages(1000 words)Dissertation

Toxicity with chemotherapy Pharmacogenomics and Predictors of toxicity

...?Toxi with chemotherapy – Pharmacogenomics and Predictors of toxi Background Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disease characterized by physical abnormalities, such as short stature, abnormal skin pigmentation, internal organ malformation, thumb deformation, hypogonadism, and development delay, as well as bone marrow failure and increased risk of malignancy. In fact, acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) may be the first manifestation of FA (Alter and Kupfer, 2013). AML is the cancer of blood and bone marrow. Like the other cancer types, damage to the DNA, including but not limited to FA genes, is identified as the cause of this malignancy. Because of its rapid progression, treatment must be started immediately (Mayo Clinic, 2012... with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Organ toxicity

...? Environmental Studies: Organ Toxi Due Toxicologists work very hard to understand the different chemicals and organic toxins that can be dangerous to human beings, other animals, and the environment. They work to determine what the tolerance of toxicity is, what the threshold for toxic experiences are, and how to then avoid ever having that level of exposure to that chemical. The thing about toxicants is that there are many different potential, forms, means of exposure, plus reactions due to a combination of exposures that can make determining the safest levels like fitting together a puzzle where the pieces keep changing. Some toxicants are inhaled, absorbed through...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Metal Toxicity

...An Essay on Models Used To Predict Acute Metal Toxi Metals are very necessary for living beings but excess of metals and especially free toxic metal ions could be potentially damaging. Osmoragulatory affects of excessive metal exposure can affect ion transporting enzymes of Na+/K+ -ATPase in living beings. Aquatic Metal toxicity depends upon particular water sample's chemical composition such as dissolved organic carbon, oxygen various other elements. Formations of organic and inorganic metal complexes are highly dependent upon the ambient water chemistry (Sunda and Guillard 1976). Metal toxicity of water may be defined as the dissolved metal concentration per unit volume of water....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Toxicity testing

...Toxi Testing Though sub chronic toxi testing and chronic toxi testing are two methods that are used to determine the level of toxi in a subject, there are several differences that exists between these two methods and some of these differences shall be elaborated in this paper. Sub chronic toxicity is used to determine the level of toxicity that arises in a subject for a particular period that is from recurring exposures of some weeks to several months. Chronic testing on the other hand is used to determine the level of toxicity that arises in a subject from exposure for a considerable amount of the life of the subject. Thus, chronic testing extends over a longer period than the sub...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues

...Fluoridation and Toxi Issues Teacher               Fluoridation and Toxi Issues (Part The current situation is all aboutthe fluoridation of water or the addition of fluoride to the water in New Zealand. This issue is debatable and controversial because of the benefits that fluoridation gives as well as the disadvantages associated with it. The local elections that will happen soon will determine whether the Hamilton City Council will opt for fluoridation or not. Nevertheless, the disadvantages associated with fluoridation somehow prove that fluoridation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Cocaine abuse/ toxicity

..., Tachycardia, Pneumothorax, Tension and Traumatic among others. 3. Evaluation The evaluation of cocaine abuse/ toxicity involves several aspects that are listed below and are very important in understanding the causes of abuse, diagnosis and the treatment of the disorder. a. History When carrying out an evaluation it is important to conduct an analysis of the history of use on the patient because it informs based on the treatment. History reveals when the patient started using cocaine. It reveals whether there have been any interventions in the past and how it might have affected the patient. It also reveals issues of use-reuse and the complications that might have occurred because of the abuse. It is...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Fluoridation and Toxicity Issues for FREE!

Contact Us