Nobody downloaded yet

Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Oil exploration in the Nigeria’s Niger delta has had both positive and negative impacts. The delta, which is Nigeria’s highest oil producing region also, has the potential of agricultural productivity and tourism attraction. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.6% of users find it useful
Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity"

Download file to see previous pages It is Africa’s largest wetland, which consists of flat and low lying swamps that are a result of sediment deposition beautifully arranged in a terrain. The area has four different ecological zones which include coastal barrier islands, mangrove swamp forests, fresh water swamps and lowland rainforests. Due to this diverse ecosystem, the delta is one of the world’s most concentrated regions in biodiversity. Not only does it have the potential of supporting abundant fauna and flora, it has the potential of sustaining agricultural production. The freshness of the water gives it the ability of harbouring fresh water fish as well as a water catchment area for domestic consumption. However, the biodiversity has been destroyed by oil exploration activities around the area, and is proving to be a threat to the environment of the place. This paper will look at the various negative impacts of oil exploration in Nigeria has had on the biodiversity. Statistically according to Kadafa (2012, p. 18) Nigeria ranks at first position in the world with flare gas, constituting 46% of Africa’s total flared gas per tonne of oil produced. This accounted for 19.79 per cent of the total global figure in the 1990s. During the period between 1970 and 1979, the average rate of gas flaring in Nigeria stood at 97%. In the period between 1980 and 1989 saw 97% of gas being flared while the years between 1990 and 1999 saw a total of 97% of gas be flared in Nigeria. Most of the gas extracted in the delta is immediately flared into the environment at a rate of 70 million/m3 per day. Gas flaring is the biggest contributor of air pollution in the Niger delta (Edino, et a., 2010, p. 67). Gas flaring emits greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere which include methane and carbon dioxide, the major contributors of global warming. Environmentalists argue that air pollutants are highly concentrated in the Niger Delta than in the rest parts of Nigeria as a result of oil extraction. Gas flare sites produce a lot of heat, which is as high as 1,600 Celsius, making it a major contributor of thermo pollution. Moreover, areas as far as 43.8 metres away from the sites experience temperatures of close to 400 Celsius, which negatively affect the vegetation and animal life and affects ecological equilibrium (Emoyan, 2008, p. 30-34). Global warming is potentially dangerous to the sea level of the low laying coastal areas as it potentially raises the sea level. Evidence of environmental degradation of the delta include inundation on large scale, increased coastal erosion, modification of habitats as wildlife are redistributed in the area, increased intensity of high rainfall events which is associated with increased run off. Soil erosion is a major occurrence as flash floods are common in the region while ocean storm surges have been a frequent occurrence (Kadafa, p. 2012, p. 20). Combined, these effects on the environment potentially jeopardize the survival of communities living in the region. Gas flares have been responsible for rain water and ground water acidification, research has indicated. Evidence shows that the Niger delta has high levels concentration of volatile oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur oxide which exceeding normal standards of federal environmental protection agency. Due to the increased pollution levels, water from shallowly dug wells has indicated the presence of low pH levels, a cause of acid rain. The effects of acid rain cannot be underestimated. Not only does it corrode roofing sheets of houses and commercial buildings, it also damages vegetation as well as contaminate pools, lakes and rivers which are home for fish and other marine life (Akpomuvie, 2011, p. 206). Oil mining in the Niger delta ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity Essay”, n.d.)
Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1477346-negative-impacts-of-oil-exploration-on-nigerias-biodiversity
(Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity Essay)
Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity Essay. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1477346-negative-impacts-of-oil-exploration-on-nigerias-biodiversity.
“Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1477346-negative-impacts-of-oil-exploration-on-nigerias-biodiversity.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity

Negative Impacts of Technology

...and cyber bullying. The discussion in this paper focuses on exploring the negative impacts of technology. The discussion focuses on aspects of cyber bullying, identity theft, and negative impacts of cell phones on health. Cyber bullying: Traditional bullying Smith and his co-authors define bullying as a form of antagonistic, deliberate act or conduct that an individual or group directs at a defenseless victim over time and repeatedly. Bullying can be physical, relational resulting to social exclusion, verbal, and indirect bullying. These are the chief traditional ways of bullying. Indirect bullying involves distribution of rumors about someone that are...
24 Pages(6000 words)Research Paper

Negative Impacts of Globalization

...?The negative impacts of globalization Introduction The world has grown as a global village over the centuries, resulting in increased integration ofthe different cultures. Advanced technology has removed the intercultural differences. Businessmen in one country study and explore the culture of a different country in order to be able to better interact with the businessmen in that country by respecting their cultural norms and values. Globalization has added dimensions to all kinds of fields which people avail to intermingle with one another in a better way. Although globalization is generally talked about in a positive manner and the positive consequences are overemphasized upon, yet the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Biodiversity

...and that climate change is harmful to natural ecosystems. Dealing with biodiversity effectively demands understanding its value and the negative impact of its depletion. The solutions to the difficulties of biodiversity must be pluralistic in that they must show its relationship with production and sustainability in the coming decades. The biophysical effects of artificial and climatic change shall benefit some regions and affect some. Agricultural production is likely to be boosted and negatively affected at the same time (Alkemade, Shrestha, and Trisurat 13). Destruction of ecosystems and natural resources is likely to have negative...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Oil Exploration and Extraction

...will lead to the melting of the polar ice cap to the extent it would be possible to extract and transport the undersea oil and gas. Most of the Arctic thaw is taking place in Russia's territorial waters and the Russian Northern Sea Route will probably be open to commercial shipping in 2025-2030 (ACIA). These developments have potential impact not only on the global energy scene but also on the sustainability of the undersea oil and gas resources and its possible impact on the environment of earth. Environmental issues connected with the oil exploration in the North Pole region would pose significant challenges to the companies...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Oil Exploration And Development

...EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT Intense study of oil exploration is a first step in realizing the right conditions for an oil trap. The right source rock and reservoir rock entrapment can only be done by an experienced team of geologists. The project/asset lifecycle that normally includes Field Development Planning, Conceptual/Feasibility, FEED, Detailed Design, Procurement, Construction Support and Commissioning can run into the tens or hundreds of billions of 2 Dollars. Actual costs depend on such factors as the location of possible oil reserves, how large the oil field is expected to be, how detailed the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Biodiversity

...to the population of other organisms on the earth. Growth of human population has direct bearing on the factors which have significant impact on the life expectancy of man. The population grows exponentially till the resources are available and the life cycle of the man follows a set pattern. Once the resources become scarce, other factors come into force and create conditions that adversely affect the life expectancy of the people. Factors like land, housing, clean air, water and other ecological and biological paradigms create circumstances that limit the exponential growth and defeat the logistics that are used to predict the population growth. Since these factors can be controlled to some extent by the developed...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Negative impacts of tourism

... Negative Impact Of Tourism On Language Religion And Customs And Tradition Introduction Tourism is unarguably one of the most dynamic and developing sectors earning a myriad of countries across the globe millions of dollars in different forms. A number of countries have benefited from infrastructural development, currency inflows, educational and management skills associated with tourism. Citizens from these countries have as well gained from various employment opportunities resulting from economic development of the regions visited by tourists. Some of the highly developed Western nations such as Switzerland, Italy, and Austria have attributed most of its economic and social welfare development to tourism. (Smith, 2006) Currently... , it is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Negative impacts of tourism

...of fall in oil price for different section The price of oil has decreased more than 50% in the recent years. The fall or the decrease in the oil price has affected the economy severely and it has lead to the situation of reduction in the transportation and the business cost on the economy. The fall in the oil price has affected positively and negatively to different sections of people. The fall in price have positively affected the oil importers such as china, India, Japan, Western Europe and it has negatively affected the oil exporters such as Nigeria, Kuwait, Iraq and Venezuela...
12 Pages(3000 words)Assignment

Biodiversity

...that is derived from different plant and animal sources is significant for the prevention of nutrition-related conditions like obesity, thus helps in reduction of the health burden in the area. The industrial sector in Indiana has equally thrived from biodiversity in the country. Industries working in lines like wood industry, fiber industry, oil production dyes and the like have thrived due to existence of readily available resources for their operation in the area thus improving the economic status of the County (Emmett Duffy, pp. 437). Work cited Chivian, Eric. Biodiversity: Its Importance to Human Health. N.p., 2012. Emmett Duffy, J. “Why Biodiversity Is Important...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Negative Societal Impacts of Technology

...Negative Societal impacts of Technology Today, virtually all of the children in the developed countries have access to computers in learning institutions and over two-thirds access them at their places of residence. Even if a wide consensus is prevalent among teachers, parents, as well as policy makers that it is vital for everyone to become computer competent in order to prepare adequately for life and work in the twenty first century, people are raising questions regarding the impacts of the expanding role of technology in people’s lives within our society. As such, it should be borne in mind that, the increasing use of technological devices such as computers, phones, and television...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Negative Impacts of Oil Exploration on Nigerias Biodiversity for FREE!

Contact Us