Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration ) - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration) Exposure to vibration can cause adverse health effects in workers i. Describe the nature of occupational vibration exposure and the health effects of exposure to vibration; provide researched examples of affected workers or groups of workers…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration )
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration )"

Download file to see previous pages The oscillations may be regular or random, depending on the source. In determination of the health effects of vibration, overall pressure waves generated by the vibrating equipment must be measured. Vibration gets way into the body through the organ exposed to it. For example, vibration enters an operator of a chainsaw through the hands and arms. After prolonged use of the machine, the hands and arms get affected. Vibration is quantified by amplitude or intensity and frequency. Frequency is the number of cycles a vibrating object completes in a second, measured in hertz (Hz). Amplitude is the distance at which the object moves from a stationary position to the extreme position on either side, quantified in meters (m). Speed is used to determine the intensity of vibration and varies from zero to a maximum per cycle of vibration, quantified in meters per second (m/s). Acceleration measures the rate of change of speed with time, quantified in units of meters per second or meters per second squared. It increases whenever a vibrating object moves further from its statutory position. Resonance also plays critical role in the impact of vibration on the human body. Since each organ has its own resonant frequency, when an employee’s body is exposed to a vibration of similar frequency to a body organ, risks are greatly increased. Types of Vibration Exposure to hazardous levels of vibration is linked to adverse health outcomes. Some of the health problems caused by vibration are back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome and vascular disorders. Vibration injury is derived from outdoor activities such as farming, transportation, forestry, shipping and construction. Vibration exposure is divided into two categories: whole-body vibration (WBV) and segmental vibration or hand and arm vibration (HAV). Their sources differ as they affect different parts of the body, of different symptoms. a. Segmental vibration or hand-arm vibration This is a mechanical vibration transmitted to the human being through part or segment of the body, mostly the hands or arms. Hand-arm vibration causes permanent adverse health effects collectively referred to as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) and specific diseases like carpal tunnel syndrome. What is HAV? This term describes any kind of damage to blood vessels, nerves or muscles in the hands or arms caused by vibration from hand held tools or hand-guided machinery, or when employees hold materials under process by machinery. Most tools and processes vibrate at high levels that expose employees to risk of HAV. Some of these tools are concrete/road breakers, concrete pokers, sanders, disc cutters, hand held grinders and other rotary tools, hammer drills, jigsaws, polishers, sanders, chipping hammers, chainsaws, strimmers, brush cutters, hedge trimmers, leaf blowers, mowers, scrabblers or needle guns, pressure washers, and wood machining equipment among others. Exposure to HAV depends on several factors. These are: The magnitude and frequency of vibration, The duration called trigger time and frequency of use, Pattern of exposure, including rest breaks, Manner of handling of machines, i.e. magnitude of grip, Surface area of hand exposure to vibration, Environment of working condition like awkward posture, Temperature of exposure, and Individual susceptibility. How does HAV affect health? Employees are exposed to a number of incurable injuries to arms, hands and even damage to blood circulatory system (the so-called ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration ) Assignment”, n.d.)
Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration ) Assignment. Retrieved from
(Health and Safety (Exposure to Vibration ) Assignment)
Health and Safety (Exposure to Vibration ) Assignment.
“Health and Safety (Exposure to Vibration ) Assignment”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration )

Occupational Health and Safety

.... Findings: Occupational Health and Safety: Occupational health and safety deals with the elimination of the injuries and accidents which may occur in the work-place and which has been a rising problem faced by the employers in various parts of the worlds. Work related injury is defined as any damage caused to the employees because of the exposure to the physical agents in the workplace. Any injury whether it is fatal or not is classified as a work related injury if the accident occurs in the workplace. The concept of OS &H is important because of the moral as well as the legal perspective associated with it. It is the legal obligation of the employers to...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Health and Safety Management

...? Health & Safety Management Health & Safety Management Every organization works towards satisfaction since they see it asthe ultimate road to their success. Successful organizations consider their employees as their internal customers, an asset for the firm. Hence working to improve upon the safety and quality of workplace is of utmost importance to many organizations today. The company is a high-hazard chemical manufacturing firm in which employee safety and health management issue has been put into focus. The CEOs has put forth the proposal of implementing Zero Accidents policy for the next year. However, such...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Health and Safety Management

...? Health and Safety Management Section July Health and Safety Management Creating a safety culture inany work environment requires stringent yet realistic health and safety management policies and implementing programs. However, these policies and implementing program s can only be sustainable and be able to reach the long term goals of the organization through proper implementation and monitoring safety guidelines. The implementation guidelines, particularly a Safety and Health Program, should emphasize and take into account the direct and indirect costs of accidents,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Health and safety management

...even in the case of complete negligence. There have been some improvements in regards to protecting mining workers from physical and psychological depression. New status, concerns and development were introduced, they include: A. Law Mining legislations were developed in reply to disaster connecting numerous injuries and loss of lives .In 1996 the mine health and safety act was established. Its key characteristics are that: Employers bear main accountability for a safety and healthy working surroundings. The risk management approaches that addresses health and safety exposures are compulsory Workers have the right to withdraw from risky...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Workplace, Health and Safety

...Using words and necessary diagrams and referring to the: a) general duties of employers and employees (ss. 2 – 7) b) potential criminal liabilityof employers and employees (s. 33) c) Health & Safety Commission and the Health & Safety Executive explain the main purposes of the Health and Safety at Work Etc. Act 1974. The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act demarcates the level of responsibilities and liabilities of people involved in enforcing health and safety regulations in workplaces. Section 2 of the said Act makes it clear that it is the employer’s duty to look after...
5 Pages(1250 words)Coursework

Acoustic Emission and Vibration

...? Acoustic Emission and Vibration By of Learning: Acoustic Emission and Vibration Introduction Both acoustic emission and vibration sensors have been applied in the development of several monitoring systems that have been conditioned due to their early detection application when it comes to faults arising due to important machinery components. The process of early detection has proved to be a very crucial factor in condition monitoring as well as serving as a basic extended CBM component (Zamada and Masuda, 1999, p. 160). Though the two sensors are effectively applied in this process, there exist several differences in their applications as well as a number of advantages and disadvantages...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Construction Health and Safety

...?Construction Health and Safety Construction is such a hazardous industry where health and safety mostly needs to be improved. These improvements demand the adoption of important and long lasting changes in attitudes and behaviour of the people involved. The construction design and management regulations 2007 (CDM 2007) came into force on 6 April 2007 to replace the CDM 2004 and construction, health, safety and welfare regulations 1996. These revisions were done following the breach of laws underlying health and safety by various stakeholders. Since 1994, CDM regulations have been merged to form a single...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Occupational Health and Safety

...? Occupational Health and Safety Cause of accidents at work palace As much as people get to their work places there is risk of getting body injuries due the activities involving work. They usually affect the functions of one to performing his daily duties. There are many causes of the injuries and including a number of different precaution measures that can be adopted to prevent such accidents (Barnett-Schuster, 2008). The main cause of injury in a working environment is when an employee getting tired. An exhausted worker often develops the tendency of working with less or no focus. Consequently, this may lead to injuries caused by human error. Once a person is exhausted, he or she requires time to rest...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Vibration Training a solution (History of Whole Body Vibration). Vibration training is a technology and not a device. The device employed is the vibration platform. In whole body vibration training vibration platforms are used and the individual stands, sits, or lies prone on the vibration platform, depending on how and for what are the objectives in the use of the technology. The frequency and the strength of the vibrations can be adjusted for achieving different ends. The individual holds the required position on the vibrating platform, which may be in the standing on one foot or squatting with knees fully bent and...
18 Pages(4500 words)Coursework

Mechanical vibration

...2631-1 provide a criterion through which vibrations can be evaluated, analysed, and monitored. The purpose of this standard is to protect employees from unnecessary and harmful modes of vibration in the work place. The BS EN 14253:2003+A1:2007 is an essential document that aids in calculating vibration doses an employee gets when using vibration equipment. Through the calculations, the employee is assured of his health as well as good practices for vibratory equipment (Finucane, 2006). The document contains methods of measuring and establishing the daily exposure of vibration. This can then be compared to the required...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic Health and Safety (Exposure to vibration ) for FREE!

Contact Us