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Conservation: destruction of habitat and species extinction - Research Paper Example

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Number Date Conservation: Destruction of Habitat and Species Extinction The concept of preservation and careful management of the environment can be inferred from abstract of geographical ranges. A species conforms to various attributes through a natural process which leads to the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment…
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Conservation: destruction of habitat and species extinction
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Download file to see previous pages Along with these adaptations, another issue that is considerably significant is the extinction of those species. The Earth is provided with biodiversity by the species. The extinction of species is considered as the greatest and unable to be recovered deprivation which is almost permanent. The species are subject to mass extinction which is majorly resulting from the currently happening destruction of wilderness. The extinction of species is a common phenomenon and it is evidenced that great extinctions have taken place in the past, but those have not occurred so rapidly and even not resulted by the processes of an individual species. The worrying situation is that today the extinction rate has increased up to 1,000 to 10,000 times the biological normal extinction rate of 1-10 species extinctions per annum (Butler). This paper discusses the causes and consequences of species extinction. There is a diverse range of living organisms with plentiful species of animals, plants, algae, fungi and many different microorganisms. The role played by each of these organisms is discrete and important with respect to habitat in which the organism lives. Up to now approx two million species have been discovered and arranged into classes. Research is being carried out to discover more new species. As estimated by some scientists, around 30 million organisms can be observed to survive on earth and majority of these living beings are microscopic. Such organisms live in the soil and water bodies and also help the Planet to support such a rich biodiversity by reprocessing abandoned nutrients and wastes. The Earth is being exhausted in terms of over-consuming its scarce resources. The limited resources are most of the time wasted because of contamination and unsuitable climate change. The increase in population has caused pollution and habitat degradation and fragmentation to rise. The extravagant consumption of plants and animals around the world has even made them extinct more rapidly which has never seen before. Many human activities are observed to be the main causes of the pollution such as carbon emissions. It can be deduced that around half of all existing species are considered to be extinct within the next century if the extinctions are not prevented by taking substantially important measures. If the deprivation of biodiversity is not controlled at the right time, it can further accelerate to decline and ultimately cause abrupt interruptions in the relationships between interrelated species (Animals/Wildlife). As highlighted in the aforementioned causes of the species extinction, habitat destruction and fragmentation are significant to be considered. It includes deforestation of woodlands and rainforest, wetland destruction, and river pollution. Setting the pouches of forestlands apart from each other so as to build roads through them has also induced habitat destruction (Montgomery 2009). Today one of the most crucial issues face by both the the ocean and land environment is the habitat conservation for species of wilderness. Human activities have altered more than the half of the Planet's terrestrial surface and these changes have resulted in extreme and rigorous deforestation, degradation and deprivation of surface soil, loss of biodiversity, and species extinction (Habitat Conservation - MarineBio.org). This shows that the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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