Nobody downloaded yet

Political Theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Should the People Be Powerful or The Prince?: The Philosophies of Machiavelli and Marx Karl Marx, in 1848, called for a fundamental change in the way that societies are run, and he published his thesis and call to arms in a slender tome called The Communist Manifesto…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.2% of users find it useful
Political Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Political Theory"

Download file to see previous pages The basis for Marx’ vision was that the ruling class, the bourgeoisie, was corrupting and oppressive to the people, and Marx envisioned a time when the bourgeoisie would be stripped of its power by stripping it of its property and society would be classless. Therefore, Marx essentially advocated that no one class would have power over another classs. On the other hand, Nicolo Machiavelli, in his book The Prince essentially advocated the opposite. Where Marx believed that power should be dissipated, Machiavelli believed that power should be strengthened, and his book showed rulers, called princes by Machiavelli, on how to do this. Machiavelli’s thesis was that a prince should be strengthened, therefore power should be aggrandized and this would be the basis for security in a nation; Marx’ thesis was that the proletariat, or the people, should be strengthened, so that those in power would be displaced and power would not reside in any one group or person. Both books are based upon these basic premises. Argument The main contrast between the principles espoused by Machiavelli and those by Marx is that Machiavelli champions a strong leader who may use any means possible to rule over the people, whereas Marx champions the power of the people, the proletariat, stating that they should be more powerful than the leaders. For instance, Machiavelli appears to condone cruelty as a means of living securely in a new country which has been conquered. He cites the example of Oliverotto of Fermo, who came into power through a criminal act. Oliverotto came into power by murdering his uncle, Giovanni Fogliani, then, after this treacherous act, rode through the town, laying siege to the governing council. Because of this act, he was feared by those currently governing, and Oliverotto was able to make himself a prince. To be sure, Oliverotto murdered anybody who would resent his rule and might injure him (Machiavelli, 1961, p. 39). Despite the fact that Oliverotto was treacherous and killed his own uncle, who was nothing but kind to Oliverotto, Machiavelli held this leader up as an example of a prince who used cruelty well. Machiavelli stated that cruelty used well is cruelty that “is employed once for all, and one’s safety depends on it, and then it is no persisted in but as far as possible turned to the good of one’s subjects” (Machiavelli, 1961, p. 39). On the other hand, Machiavelli considered cruelty used badly as cruelty that grows over time, and is not necessarily a one-time incidence. When a prince uses cruelty badly, he cannot maintain power; with cruelty well-used, a leader may enhance his position (Machiavelli, 1961, p. 39). Machiavelli further emphasizes that cruelty must be used initially when securing the country, and must be inflicted all at once (Machiavelli, 1961, p. 40). This section is not the only place where Machiavelli advocates cruelty for the leader who is trying to secure himself in power. He also states that it is better to be feared than loved. Specifically, he advocates making examples of people. To do otherwise would be a weakness for the leader, and would lead to disorder. Machiavelli states that it is necessary to be feared, as opposed to loved, as men are “ungrateful, fickle, liars and deceivers, they shun danger and are greedy for profit…when you are in danger, they turn away” (Machiavelli, 1961, p. 71). When a leader is loved, they will have a bond of gratitude. However, men having the nature that they have, will break these bonds at the first ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423368-political-theory
(Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423368-political-theory.
“Political Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1423368-political-theory.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Political Theory

Modern Political Theory

...Modern Political Theory 1. While John Locke’s political philosophy spans a wide range of insights and perspectives, perhaps the most central notion is his concept of natural law. Locke’s notion of natural law involves a complex number of elements. While Locke formulated the concept of natural law within a newly imagined perspective, the concept itself has a long historical precedent in philosophy (Dunn). The historic notion of natural law contended that there were specific moral elements that were universal to all members of the human race. The understanding is that these moral elements existed despite extraneous arrangements the individual had made, including social, legal, or...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Political Theory

...? Political Theory There have been many political theories over centuries, and mainly the last two centuries with some major events that happened in Europe, such as French Revolution in 1789, and later the Russian Revolution that brought Communism to the country later. During these two centuries until nowadays, the basic economic system prevailing is Capitalism based on theory of capital that has existed and survived in the world since ancient years. Of course each political and financial system is base on a relative theory that produces ideology in all terms. Since 1789 with French Revolution, and until say 1989, with...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Political Theory

...? Jon Locke’s Social Contract Theory and its Compatibility with the Republican Ideologies of Niccolo Machiavelli Admission Number Course Name & Number Instructor Date of Submission Introduction Republicanism is a political ideology embraced by the members of a republic. It entails the control of a republic or a state where the selection of the republic leader is by any other means apart from through heredity. Republicanism is popular among numerous individuals in the political discourses as the absence of a monarchy. In a republic, the people elect the leaders in charge of the government. These leaders assume their respective positions in government for a specified period of time after...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Political theory

...Running head: Machiavelli and Hobbes assess Aristotle's polity Machiavelli and Hobbes assess Aristotle's polity Abstract In the following paper, Aristotle's polity and Machiavelli and Hobbes's theories on politics are discussed. A detailed analysis of each theory is given in comparison to each other and in comparisons Aristotle's polity. Finally, there is a detailed discussion on how and why Machiavelli and Hobbes's concepts on proper political legitimacy would not be parallel to Aristotle's application of human nature to produce adequate political schemes for each separate society. Machiavelli and Hobbes...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Hobbess Political Theory

...Hobbes’s Political Theory Introduction This essay is written {here you write down the purpose of why this essay has been written, for which course and perhaps the reason why you have chosen this topic of the paper.} In this paper, I shed light on the notions of three historical philosophers namely Hobbes, Paine and Plato. I briefly discuss the political theories each of these philosophers have written throughout history and try to link these political theories with contemporary theories and politics. Although one might argue that some elements of these theoretical concepts are obsolete, I attempt to...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Political theory

...structure of the state. “Then, as I was saying, our youth should be trained from the first in a stricter system, for if amusements become lawless, and the youths themselves become lawless, they can never grow up into well-conducted and virtuous citizens” (Plato, Jowett, Cornford & Shorey, 226). So it is evident that Socrates uses the power of reasonability and logic in order to define the structure of the society as to be much higher in standards of thought and realization of its members to reach the summit of consciousness. The theory envisages the utopian structure that if an individual receives proper education and is morally sound, then society altogether becomes the optimum where there will be no disparity between...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Political Theory

...Political Theory: The importance and need for a civil government in order to protect the rights and liberties of individuals. There is little doubt as to the necessity of a civil government in order to protect the right and liberties of individuals. As long as the government remains loyal to its founding objective, namely that of serving the interests of the general population, its need and importance cannot be contested. On the theoretical front, there are many proposals and underlying rationales for structuring the government in a variety of ways. As early as the seventeenth century, nearly a century before the French Revolution, the British political philosopher John Locke had...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Political Theory

.... Alternatively, there is another aspect that dominates the answer to a justifiable society encroached by morality. Initially, it is paramount to appreciate the Plato and Aristotle direct link to philosophy in the context of political insurgency. Most of the theories offered by Aristotle are no longer considered valid. However, a set of arguments can suffice with regards to the political understanding of morality can borrow a few findings brought forward by Plato. Being moral is what justice tries to establish. However, there are moments and instances that fail to show morality. For instance, some personalities appreciate the derivations provided by Aristotle concerning justice. According...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Theory for FREE!

Contact Us