Nobody downloaded yet

Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Colonies - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Slavery in America has a long history spanning from a John Rolfe report in 1619 which stated that 20 slaves were bought in the last day of August. This was in Virginia and it was the first recorded history about Africans coming to America and being sold as slaves…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Colonies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Colonies"

Download file to see previous pages The workforce in the agricultural sector in the southern colonies was mainly comprised of Europeans servants who worked on indenture basis. Although the Europeans still offered labor, African slaves were the better choice for planters because they were cheap to maintain and more productive. By mid 17th century there was a massive shift towards slave labor in the south since demand for food was rising with expanding markets. At this time Africans had started to be shipped and be sold as slaves to Americans. The climate and soil in the south were more favorable for agriculture than those of the north. This made the sound to be heavily dependent on labor for development of plantations. The south as stated above was an ideal region for agriculture all year round and crops like tobacco and rice thrived well. These crops are labor intensive and the lands were quite vast. Therefore, a huge potential of the southern lands remained untapped considering that there were many waterways where crops could be transported to overseas markets. As these farms grew labor shortages became intense and by the end of the 17th century more than 500 Africans had been bought as slaves to meet the demand (Schneider and Schneider 48). This trend was soon followed by withdrawal of indentured European servants since many had saved enough to buy their own land and start farming. America was quite big and unexploited by then and the Europeans found no reason not to venture into far away lands. The Bacon’s Rebellion also saw many planters release white servants as they proved to be a danger to political stability. In this regards an alternative had to be sought to counter the exodus of the white servants. By mid 18th century a total of 235,000 Africans were in America and 85% of them worked in the southern colonies of Virginia, Georgia, North and South Carolina (73). African slaves however came to be fully exploited after failed trials were made on Native Americans (Rodriguez 106). Many of them died from European diseases while many others ran away since they knew the land better than the Europeans. This left the planters no choice but to take in African slaves. This followed a massive expansion of plantations in Georgia and South Carolina which translated to increased production levels of rice and tobacco. These slaves did a great deal of work which the white servants had refused to do for example draining of swamps. West Africans came in handy especially in rice growing plantations since they were familiar with the kind of work required as their mother lands grew rice. Slaves worked for 15 hours on a daily basis especially during the harvest season (Norton and Sheriff 27). One overseer was required to supervise a minimum of 20 slaves doing back-breaking work and when a slave lazed around, the overseer was supposed to whip them. The fact that slaves were cheap to buy and maintain saw planters buy them in masses so as to plant and cultivate more. As earlier indicated slaves used to work for many hours per day which translated to bumper harvests and therefore booming plantation business. Many plantation owners like the Byrd family from Virginia turned to be quite wealthy (58). Such families came together to form elite classes of planters in the southern states who ensured that slave trade remained because it was a lifeline to their wealth. Southern colonies had vast fertile lands for agriculture where Europeans worked as servants on indenture basis. The vastness and the need to grow crops on large scale raised the need to have more workers. Slave trade was on the rise by mid 17th century and it saw many planters buy African slaves to work in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Why Did Slavery Come to Be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Essay)
“Why Did Slavery Come to Be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
imogene73 added comment 17 days ago
Student rated this paper as
This essay was always my weak point. I could never complete it successfully. Still, after I found this particular document, I understood how it should be done. So, I performed my research afterward and completed the essay in several hours, instead of months as it was previously.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Colonies

American labor system

...? AMERICAN LABOR SYSTEM Almost 70% of the world’s population works as laborers in various fields, industries, organizations and factories. They work on the ideal of ‘mutual benefits through joint efforts to earn bread for their families and to survive in this world. They sell their services and loyalities to their employers expecting wages, shelter and the acknowledgement of few other basic rights in return (Gould, 1996). A labor community comprises of a big portion of a social class consisting of those who do physical and manual work for salary. Thus, laborers are actually the real workers and builders who are at the back of every successful industry and organization. The origin of this occupation can be dated back to the dawn... , 1985)....
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Slavery in the American Colonies

...of free and slave states. In 1820, Missouri joined as a slave state and Maine came as a free state. The balance got disrupted in 1850 as Southerners allowed California to come as a free state in return for laws upholding slavery. The balance was later disturbed with the joining of free Oregon and Minnesota. The increase of the gap between free and slave state illustrates the changes happening in each region. When South, with a slow population growth, adopted an agrarian plantation economy, North adopted industrialization. They had large urban areas, with large infrastructures. They witnessed increased birth rates and a large inflow of European immigrants. The increase in population made...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Slavery in North American Colonies

...Slavery in North American colonies became a part and parcel of life. In the years between the 1650 and 1750’s, slavery existed in three kinds of systems: the system centered in Chesapeake which covered Maryland and Virginia, another in South Carolina and Georgia and the third covered the non-plantation societies of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania (Gisolfi, 49). Slavery differed in these three regions, and it did develop different cultures. As time went by, the slavery in Chesapeake society became part of social and economic life in the mid 17th century due to the advent of staple tobacco production, and the establishment of a planter class. Down in the south, the creation of substantial indigo and rice encouraged slavery... . This...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Southern Company

...workers to a company is another role of a leader. Talent management is the process by which an organization finds ways and means to retain, motivate, attract, engage, train, plan, manage, and most importantly develop individuals who can make the company rise to unimaginable heights in the global market. For every person coming into working economy, they have a particular talent and qualification. The Talent Management program enables these qualifications and talents to be systematically used in the operative process of a company. Most companies have a type(s) of employee appraisal system. Many companies are at a disadvantage of experiencing the lack of manual staff evaluation systems....
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Slavery Comes to the American Colonies From 1492-1750

...Slavery Comes to the American Colonies From 1492-1750 Introduction: Slavery goes back to ancient times, when defeated enemies were either slaughtered or made to work for their conquerors. The Roman Empire occupies a significant role in the prevalence and the spread of slavery. This practice was to spread into the newly found American colonies in the fifteenth century. African Negroes formed the bulk of the slave labor. To the Spaniards and the rest of the Christian world the African Negroes were heathens and capable of heavy labor and so their use was justified in the new world (Jernegan, W.M.,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


..., and dispositions. This is where exactly the three of them diverge. Smith believed in employing labor to acquire all the necessities of living. Bradford believes freedom of religion. Winthrop believed in only one kind of worship. Goals of Colonists While some colonizers did venture through vast lands and perils for the purpose of flourishing wealth thereby expanding their trades and purposes, some still aimed to instill religion and education to the naiveté of people who needed them and of whom they thought needed a certain social culture. Such were some of the major goals of the three colonizers. Smith’s leadership during the starvation produced a lasting effect upon the people when he resorted to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Establishment of Slavery in English Colonies

...for their entire lives. Thus, it seems that “Control over the captive population became a significant issue for whites as rebellion and fear of rebellion spread” (PBS). Based on this account of the history of slavery in early America, economics was the primary reason for using slave labor. In order to accomplish the colonists’ goals as they related to trade, a permanent, large, reliable work force had to be created to labor the resources required of the colonies as dictated by capitalism. At first, it did not matter what the race or ethnic background of these slaves were. As proof of this point, indentured servants from England were brought to the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Dominant Groups

...would provide insight on how various social classes perceive each other. Understanding dominance would also expand our knowledge on the existing groups and their interaction. Combination of power and wealth will result in super dominant group. Therefore, studying how factors that determine dominance interact would be essential. In the American society, dominance has been maintained in various ways. First, through economic channels as such, people seeking higher offices in the political system encounter several challenges that include high cost of fees which results in only the rich pursuing such offices. Additionally, the tertiary education has proved...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Political Economy of Slavery/Freedom in the Anglo-America Colonies

..., the authors reiterate that the shipping industry employed approximately 5-10% of the labor force and attributes it to the increase in per capita income and a major source cause and source of colonization (Atack & Peter 31). However, they ingeniously applaud the industry’s performance without clearly indicating how it relates to colonization and the acrimony that prevailed in most colonies. Moreover, the authors examine why the indenture contracts were common among men than women servants/workers and identifies that the imbalance was steered by the notion of gender discrimination (masculinity) that was predominant during the era. The upsurge in the number of immigrants in some colonies is also reconnoitered and pinpointed... Political...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review

Southern Society

... the introduction of the large-scale production of cotton in 1800s in Southern Colonies. The production of cotton was aimed at making a profit and not for personal use. Sugarcane is also one of the trade items of the Colonial Era in the Southern society that was introduced in 1800s. Large scale production of sugarcane in plantations was also as a result of good soil, good climatic conditions, and provision of cheap labor by the slaves. The planters grew sugar as a cash crop to generate profit. Indigo was also one of the trade items that were best suited to the South. Indigo plantations were introduced in 1700s with the aim of making a profit. Bibliography Plantations. Southern...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Why did Slavery Come to be the Dominant Labor System in the Southern Colonies for FREE!

Contact Us