Download file to see previous pages...
If this trend is to continue in the future, then very shortly the phenomenon of 'peak oil' would be triggered and global competition of remaining oil will escalate the prices beyond affordability. Moreover, there is the persuasive argument from environment preservation angle. If current energy usage patterns continue for a few more decades then the ecosystems and environments across the world would be damaged beyond repair, putting at risk the long-term survival of our species. (Borowitz, 1999, p.255) The rest of this essay will elaborate on these points and present the reasons why Americans should embrace alternative fuel vehicles. Beyond concerns about peak-oil and issues of sustaining conventional oil supplies, there is the danger posed by environmental pollution. While manufacturing industries play their part in polluting air, water and soil, the chief contributors are motor vehicles. For example, 90% of the carbon monoxide, 50% of the volatile organic compounds, and 40% of the ozone in metropolitan areas come from motor vehicles. (Meotti, 1995, p.27) With car ownership per-capita in America being one of the highest among advanced economies, there is a urgent need for alternative fuels. There is also the option of attempting to reduce car sales and car usage. But since this outcome is highly unlikely, finding substitute fuels for petroleum-based ones is the more plausible option going forward. Soybean oil is another alternative fuel that holds a lot of promise. When oil prices spiked during the first Gulf War in 1991, American farmers put to use the huge surplus of soybean oil stored in tanks across the country. They said that Soybean oil can be refined into bio-diesel, which can be used by vehicles. Already, by this time, bio-diesel was being manufactured in Europe using rapeseed oil. And by following the same procedure, Soybean oil could also be converted into bio-diesel, which would prove to be a cleaner and eco-friendly energy alternative. (Schmidt, 2007, p.87) Experts and business people have now identified bio-diesel as a key player in the alternative fuels market. It also has the advantage of being produced by both small-scale manufacturers as well as large industries. While bio-diesel cannot completely substitute for petroleum products, it has the capacity to power a wide variety of vehicles. At present 95% of passenger vehicles in America run on gasoline. Bio-diesel can significantly help reduce this percentage. (Schmidt, 2007, p.87) Promoters of bio-diesel also feel that its advantages outweigh its disadvantages. It is not only a sustainable energy option, but also an eco-friendly one. For example, “Numerous studies show that compared to petrodiesel, B20 emits at least 10% less particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and total hydrocarbons. The relevant data are summarized in a 2006 NREL report titled Effects of Biodiesel Blends on Vehicle Emissions. Unlike fossil fuels--which contain carbon from underground sources--biodiesel contains carbon from plants that were recently alive and drawing carbon from the atmosphere. For that reason, burning it doesn't add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere than what was already there. What's more, biodiesel contains 11% oxygen by weight, which enhances fuel combustion, and reduces the amount of carcinogenic soot that diesel engines spew into the air.” (Schmidt, 2007, p.87) Diesel-run vehicles, on the other hand, are decisively more polluting. They release a lot of sulphur into the atmosphere, which in turn creates sulfate-based particulates, which in turn
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
The concept of the UAV dates back to the American Civil War when balloons were used to drop explosives on the other side. The Japanese also used the concept during World War II when they launched balloons with explosives with the idea that high altitude winds would carry them to the US.
The main strategies and features of developing Hammarby Sjostad city were to innovate transport methods, produce biogas from waste, ensure proper urban plans, integrate vacuum tube recycling compilation, educate the public on environmental importance, generate power from waste materials, and installation of solar hot water tubes.
Transportation, within the past 200 years has come to be fundamentally redefined. From the era of steam power, fossil fuels, namely petroleum products, have become the means by which a very high percentage of human locomotion currently takes place. As such, the greatest issue with reliance upon fossil fuels, beyond the environmental impacts that they have been proven to have is with regards to the fact that there is only a finite amount of these fuels available to humans.
In contemporary context,
mental health problems may experience periods of depression and mental imbalance when they lose their job, literature notes that there is a tangible relationship between unemployment and mental illness. To be excluded from the workforce is a key risk factor for aggravating mental health problems because it creates material deprivation, erodes self-confidence, and generates a sense of isolation and marginalization (Stuart, 2006).
If this trend is to continue in the future, then very shortly the phenomenon of peak oil would be triggered and global competition of remaining oil will escalate the prices beyond affordability. Moreover, there is the persuasive argument from
This research will begin with the statement that in the year 1613, a free sailor working for a Dutch fur trading company was allowed to live and trade among the Native Americans in Manhattan. In 1619, the first 20 blacks, from the Dutch slave traders were bought as workers in the English northern American colony.
The authorities are expecting a surge in cases of crime in megacity due to the stagnation in economic growth. The mayor states that authorities will find it hard to deal with the situation because they are ill equipped to serve the needs of the population. Moreover, the rigidity of the jurisdictions in the city complicates the situation further.
There are many men and women to talk about; however, we are going to highlight a few of them. They include Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X and Harriet Tubman (Philip, n.d). These African Americans believed in something no one else
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Why Americans should embrace Alternative fuel vehicles for FREE!