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The Theory of Functional Grammar - Essay Example

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The focus of this paper is to apply functional grammar theory and critically evaluate the lexico-grammatical meaning of the sample three texts, all of which involve instructional and educational interactions between adults and children in differing contexts …
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The Theory of Functional Grammar
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Download file to see previous pages Essentially, the functional grammar linguistic paradigm evaluates the organization of natural language and Dik asserts the essence of functional grammar theory pertaining to how natural language usage demonstrates knowledge, beliefs and practical behavior (Dik, 1997, 1).
To this end, it is submitted at the outset that whilst classic functional grammar theory has often been rooted in the context of usage; in considering the texts it is important to consider the social backdrop. On this basis, it is posited that the relationship of speech to social experiences and sociolinguist theory pertaining to the correlation between language and society is imperative to consider the lexico-grammatical function of natural word usage in contemporary functional grammar theory.
Accordingly, in Section 2 I shall evaluate the central features of lexico-grammatical analysis as applied to the texts, followed by a discussion of the sociolinguistic backdrop in Section 3. It is submitted as a central proposition in this paper that the central lexicon-grammatical features of the three texts are intrinsically intertwined with the social backdrop.
As highlighted in the previous section, the essence of functional grammar is the theory of language organization and usage (Dik, 1997). If we consider this proposition in the context of the three sample texts; Text 1 clearly demonstrates the “knowledge” facet of functional grammar through the use of instruction followed by a question. The knowledge is conveyed in the instructional statements: “hold a ruler on the edge of a table. Press down the end and let go,” followed by the questions “can you hear a sound? What can you see?”  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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