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The soccer fraternity has had its fair share of negatives. The main concern has been associated with race. Soccer played as an entertainment and professional sport and racism has been part of the sports; despite efforts by the football governing body to discourage racism.
Racism has had historical incident in high leagues in Europe. In England minimal incidents have been reported. The culture of intolerance in some European leagues has encouraged these incidents. The English premier league has had some incidents in racism including Luis Suarez racial comments directed to Patrice Evra (Reekie, 2013). Other incidents include John terry’s abuse towards Ferdinand. The much resent incidents involved Chelsea Football Club fans mishandling a black French supporter (Kutsh, 2015). In other parts of the world, Russia and Italy soccer fraternity has been treated with increased aspects of racism (Madu, 2015). The racial intolerance according to Unite against Racism (2008) is triggered by cultural and personal misconception. This implies that some individuals consider their race to be superior compared to other races. The misconceptions results to victimization of different races. Environmental factors could be the reason as to why the racism has persisted over the years. The failures by football administrators to act upon the perpetrators have encouraged a continuous trend in both professional and amateur leagues.
Rob Ruck attributes socioeconomic factors as factors behind racial components in sports (Goff, 2012). Social factors place different races along the hierarchy. The superior race within this hierarchy would tend to enjoy social privilege. The other race in some case would struggle to climb above the social class ladder. Those who manage to climb the social class then tend faces resistance. In soccer, resistance comes in from of racial abuse and segregation. The minority race within the sports play part in positioning themselves as they
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The perceived differences are usually based on color, ethnicity, nationality, nation of origin, language, religion, and dress. A look into the reasons behind racial discrimination points towards biological, social, physical, psychological and historical factors.
One of these performance-enhancing drugs that had been in the headlines was steroids in the act of doping. According to a U.S. poll, 43 percent believed that almost 50% of the professional athletes in the U.S. were on steroids. Furthermore, the poll result also added that 18 percent of the population that was surveyed believed that almost half of the American athletes sent to the Olympics were using performance-enhancement drugs.
Islam is based on the concept of submission to Allah and accepting his supremacy over all and believing in the Holy Prophet and the Holy Quran. One becomes a Muslim by reciting the Shahadah declaring his submission to Allah and accepting the Muhammad is the prophet.
Background Before the amendment came to rule, the federal government had been imposing excessive bail giving excessive fines, and it had been giving cruel and unusual punishment for minor crimes. This is as seen in the case of Robinson v. California, where the plaintiff got unusual and unfair punishment from the California authorities.
The setting of the situation was a high school gymnasium.The key elements of space and environment can be the consideration of the divisions between the fans and team. The game itself occurred on the basketball court in the middle of the gymnasium; fans of the home team sat on one side of the gym and fan of the opposing team sat on another side.
This is because, over time, the use of simple psychological skills has helped athletes to manage the competitive performance environment and attain success. Considerably, it is essential to understand the importance of
Considerably, it is very decisive to carry out an assessment and evaluation of key stakeholder relationships in carrying out cognitive behavioral interventions among athletes. In most cases, sports physiologists use an integrated model that gives a synthesis of existing abstract models that assist coaches to understand the psychological response.