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12 on Apple products manufactured in China; there has been mounting criticism of labor malpractices in the manufacturing processes, leading to conduction of investigations by international labor groups into companies which contract to make Apple products. The makers of iPad have specifically largely been criticized for a number of labor related problems, some of which are quite serious in nature (Andrzejcyzk, 2015).
Thus the workers who toil night and day at manufacturing plants in China to ensure that Apple customers are satisfied, usually do so under harsh working conditions including work hours beyond the 8 hour day, forced overtime as well as other health and safety risks(Chang, “Audit Faults Apple Supplier’s Factories in China”).Foxconn Taiwanese company is Apple’s key supplier for the iPad and employs over I million people there. In March 2012,Fair Labor Association(FLA) conducted research(almost 3,000 hours at 3 of the Foxconn factories) and found the following; that the average work week was 60 hours with 36 hours overtime for the month at all the Foxconn manufacturing sites, some employees did not have a single day off for the entire work week, with several employees logging in a 7 day work week before they got a day off, over 60% of employees surveyed claimed that their pay did not cover enough to “meet basic needs” .A group called Students and Scholars also compiled a report in May 2012 against Corporate Misbehavior(SACOM).The report derived its content from interviews conducted with factory workers and supervisors in Shenzhen and Zhengzhou, China. The SACOM report cited that while the company increased wages, it also increased production quotas by some 10%.Moreover the living conditions were described as being “cramped and unpleasant” with at times as many as 30 workers sharing space in an apartment with just 3 bedrooms (Musil, “Foxconn Working Conditions Slammed by Workers Rights Groups”).Te employees were also strictly warned not
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Globalization has brought immense changes in this world. Business is one segment in which globalization forced enormous changes. International business or cross cultural business is growing day by day as a result of the increasing acceptance of globalization, liberalization and privatization at many parts of the world.
In fact Microsoft pushed Apple far behind during this period and many people raised doubts about the future of Apple during this period. However, Apple bounced back during the latter part of 90’s and at the beginning of 2000 with the introduction of its popular “i” series products such as iphone, ipad, ipod, imac, itune etc.
China currently boasts having some of the biggest manufacturing companies in the world and has become a major exporter of electronic devices. So far, China's economy is the second largest in terms of GDP and purchasing power parity, after the U.S. according to Cai (2010, p.6).
It is hard to reconcile that Apple’s major supplier, which is Foxconn, do not have enough money to pay its employees considering that its client, Apple Inc is one of the most profitable and prestigious company in the world. The suicides were not even coincidence or caused by non-related issues but is directly related to work, and its frequency is disturbing.
The Foxconn establishment emerged through the ambition of its founder Terry Gou with the company initially set up as Hon Hai Precision Industry in 1974 in Taiwan. Over time, the industrial establishment has evolved to emerge as the world’s largest electronic products supplier.
The company is headquartered in Taipei (Foxconn, 2013). It was primarily a design manufacturer company whose clients include leading US, European and Japanese corporations, and other information technology processing companies. The main objective of the company is to assemble certain products for iPod, iPad, Kindle, Play station, and iPhone.
3 The article, “Starbucks 'paid just ?8.6m UK tax in 14 years'” written by Simon Gompertz on 16 October 2012. 4 The article, “Apple sells over 5 million iPhone 5, supply constraints loom” written by Poornima Gupta and Jennifer Saba on Sep 24, 2012.
However, suicide cases have been reported in the company after many workers have undergone pressure and cut their lives short. The killings have ranged from jumping from top buildings to several other suicidal techniques. It has been reported that at least sixteen people have attempted to jump from huge buildings and twelve people have succumbed to death.