MERS-CoV - Research Paper Example

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Mostly infecting the gastrointestinal tract and upper respiratory parts of mammals, Coronaviruses belongs in the family Coronaviridae (Momattin et al, 2013). Examples of diseases caused…
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Running head: MERS-CoV 6th May Coronavirus Coronaviruses refers to a type of viruses that causevarious illnesses to humans and animals. Mostly infecting the gastrointestinal tract and upper respiratory parts of mammals, Coronaviruses belongs in the family Coronaviridae (Momattin et al, 2013). Examples of diseases caused by Coronaviruses include common colds, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) which is caused by SARS –CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
Symptoms of MERS-CoV
Middle East respiratory syndrome, which is respiratory illness, is caused by coronavirus referred to as MERS-CoV. Having been first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia, MERS has spread in other countries through the Saudi Arabia visitors who travel in other countries (Butler, 2012). Major symptoms of MERS-CoV include fever, shortness of breath and coughing.
Modes of transmission of MERS-CoV
According to a report by World Health Organization, indicates that although transmission of MERS-CoV from one person to another is one of the ways through which the illness is transmitted, it is not the major way (McKay, 2014). The viruses according to National Institute of Health based in Maryland indicate that the viruses are able to mutate once they are inhaled. The viruses are mostly transmitted through the air when an infected individual comes very close to other people (Bermingham et al, 2012). Infected camels have also major way through which the virus can be transmitted to the people.
Treatment for MERS-CoV
Currently there is neither vaccine nor specific treatment for MERS-CoV. Treatment that is given to the patient is only focused at alleviating the symptoms.
Bermingham, A et al. (2012). Severe respiratory illness caused by a novel coronavirus, in a patient transferred to the United Kingdom from the Middle East, September 2012. Euro Surveillance 17 (40).
Butler, F. (2012). SARS veterans tackle coronavirus. Nature 490 (7418), 20.
McKay, B. (2014). American Returns from Mideast with MERS Virus. The Wall Street Journal.
Momattin, H et al. (2013). Therapeutic Options for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – possible lessons from a systematic review of SARS-CoV therapy. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 17 (10) Read More
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