Shortage of water affects all continents with an estimated 3 million people lacking access to safe drinking water (Cech, 2010). Water shortages are caused by a number of factors with the major causes being climate change…
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These reasons in conjunction with uncontrolled population have led to straining of the available water sources limiting access to the resource.
Generally, water scarcity is caused by the growing demand for fresh water and depletion of the already strained water sources as people clear and settles on land near water catchment areas (Chellaney, 2013). In essence, such scarcities arise out of two mechanisms; absolute insufficiency and economic inadequacy. Physical insufficiency is attributed to insufficient natural sources of water as demanded by the dependent population. On the other hand, economic water shortages entail unsustainable management of the scarce water resources. This is the major cause of water shortage in developing countries. As earlier mentioned, climate change being one of the major reasons for water shortage in the world contribute to waning glaciers, condensed steam and shrinking lakes (Miller & Spoolman, 2009). There is an increasing need for global leaders to control global warming, pollution and environmental conservation if the problem of water scarcity is to be fully
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The environment and the natural resources has constantly demonstrated and verified as one of the essential and fundamental reserves for the survival of the entire populace of the world. With the growing population at an unprecedented rate in the last few decades, the need for the land, air and water has risen.
Major variations have been experienced in climatic sector an aspect that has resulted to this condition. Increasing population and different use of water has by the industries has put this precious commodity under high demand. Water is a critical resource which cannot be even compared with other energy sources such as oil.
This pressure is felt to the greatest degree within nations that area already experiencing water shortages and are struggling to provide for their growing populations as well as the need and desire to industrialize; a process that in and of itself requires a high level of water resources.
Global Water Shortage.
Water has proved to be a scarce commodity in most parts of the world, especially the clean drinking water. As per today, close to 1 billion people in the developing world do not have access to water. Yet, some of us take water for granted, by just wasting it (Biswas, 2008).
Nowadays water and food security are one of the biggest challenges faced by the majority of people around the world. The growth in agricultural production is slowing pertaining to the water scarcity issues in most part of the world. However climatic changes are also playing its role in this regard leaving farmers clueless about weather conditions.
It can occur from drinking water, which range from poor water network maintenance, poor equipment and poor use (Alsharhan 2). Water loss can also occur through irrigation where the transport channels allow for more evaporation, growth of weeds
Availability of water is highly interconnected with the health and integrity of real life situation. The relationship between water and environment can be seen at different considerations such as from the
According to United Nations, Africa’s population will be 1.2 million by 2050 which is a 66 percent increase (qtd. in Dzawu).Water shortages are not new to African continent, but now, it has become the enemy of Africa’s economic growth.
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