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Human genetic engineering, HGE refers to a process where medical professionals and scientists interfere with the DNA or genetic makeup of a human cell. Ideally, this process aims at fixing defective genes that have the potential of causing diseases or other genetic complications (Berry 5). Hanna refers to this as genetic enhancement and acknowledges it as the process where genetic material would be transferred for the modification of non-pathological human traits. The institute further argues that the term entails not just making humans well, but rather better than well, by optimizing their capabilities and attributes. This could be accomplished through insertion of a foreign gene into an organism that is virus-like. Thereafter, this organism would be introduced to the human cells thus inserting the new gene into the subject’s genome.
Three applications have been used for HGE. Somatic engineering would target specific genes in the given tissues and organs without interfering with the genes occurring in the sperm or eggs (Koops et al. 19). This application aims at treating an existing condition without altering the entire genetic makeup of an individual. On the other hand, germline engineering targets the genes in embryos, sperm or eggs at the early development stages. Thus, this genetic modification affects the cells in the body of the developing embryo that are created afterwards. If the individual sires offspring, such genes would be passed onto the new generation. Finally, cloning could also be applied in HGE in three different ways as given by Berry (24). DNA cloning, also referred to as recombinant DNA technology, involves the transferring of DNA fragment from an organism onto an element that is self-replicating so that the DNA replicates itself in the foreign host cell. To generate an organism with the same DNA as an existing organism, then reproductive cloning would be used. Finally, therapeutic
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These set of instructions in the genes decide the patterns of their growth, appearance, reproduction and individual features. Genes are responsible for every possible action the organism performs and the alterations in the genes result in an altered lifestyle pattern.
Other individual disciplines have come into existence, which were only desired about in the past; the concept of nanotechnology and other small features is an example of the extent to which science has made progress. Compared to the past centuries, the field of science and experimentation has provided us with a large number of elements and items.
Hence, it is important to note that quantity, as well as quality, must be equally distributed in the establishment of worthy classification of farm animals for a sustainable industrial environment. In this case, the new innovation of genetic engineering is suggested as soundest procedure in achieving mass creation of safe and nutritious livestock for ultimate public consumption.
Genetic Engineering (GE) is a methodology devised to manipulate or modify genes by altering their genetic code, all the way through artificial means generating transgene. The process differs from traditional selective breeding which differs from the natural selection process (Genetic Engineering: What is genetic Engineering?
Man knowledge has heightened so much that it no longer seeks what is below its capacity. Rather it seeks even further and even more complex that it penetrates man existence. The desire to seek God or some form of perfection has been a constant theme through the eons of time and in all cultures around the world.
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Although the advantages of genetic engineering have been widely promoted by different groups, this paper attempts to show that genetic engineering is wrong and should be banned from the society. Research results and statics show that genetic engineering is harmful to
use of its ability to violate a person’s freewill and eventually the fact that it can make humanity collapse while the proponents believe that it can save human race. According to Hodge, genetic engineering involves altering of genetic material to change trait or
The problems related to DNA-based tests include, not only that they are technically difficult, but also that they present a wide array of ethical dilemmas – in relation to their indications and their implications for the child being tested and their family. One of these ethics-related issues is the question of whether it is ethically right to test children genetically.
Yet even this ought to be approached carefully. Positively inside a Christian perspective, getting rid of pain wherever conceivable is to stroll in Jesus steps. The very first gene treatment or therapy trial in people rectified a
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