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According to Langan & David (2002), this is a worrying tread that can be attributed to several factors such as unsuccessful reintegration with the community, lack of employment and other similar factors. In his study, Mays & Winfree (2009) found out that these factors leads to low self esteem and self denial that encourages the offender to resort to other crimes. In light of such deliberations, it is correct to point out that, to reduce the rate of crime and recidivism, there is a need to create conduce environment for ex-offenders by giving them opportunity be employed and access other social economic services.
The biggest concern that is raised in regard to employment discrimination of ex-offenders is in regard to what contribute to employment discrimination. First, laws put in place could be argued to play a huge part on the phenomenon at hand. For instance, state laws create room for denial of employment of ex-offenders. Most states have different definitions of circumstances under which ex-offenders can be disqualified from employment (Gottfredson, 2001). Most of these laws stipulates on specific felonies that can automatically disqualify ex-offenders from employment. Others stipulate a certain time periods after one is released from prison before they are considered eligible for employment.
However, as much as some of these laws would be seen to protect the welfare of the employer, they end up making things difficult for the ex-offenders. This is arguably true because as Mays & Winfree (2009) pointed out, lack of second chance for ex-offenders makes them develop immune to arrests and incarceration. In fact, a study conducted by Holzer (2003), found out that some offenders like it more in prison than when they are out in the community. They argue that the biggest and most intriguing thing about prison is that one is denied freedom of doing what they want and that there is no difference of being in prison and when out in the community
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As a result, companies such as Wackenhut Corrections have been formerly allowed to get listed into many stock exchanges. Additionally, many studies suggest that the privatization of correctional facilities ensures a significant cost savings (Calabrese, 1993; Morris, 1999; Segal & Moore, 2002).
Other than difficulties in reuniting with their families, they also find it difficult to secure decent jobs. This stigmatization makes them vulnerable to recidivating. Therefore, there should be changes in government policies to offer the necessary support to such persons.
As observed by Hardyman (2001, p. 90) in the ideal sense, prisons were premeditated for rehabilitation purposes. However, this has not been the case. They have been used to infringe the right of the prisoner. The question arising from the debate is which among the prison and the rehabilitation center work better for both violent and non-violent offenders (Blanchette, 2005, p.
As the offences and punishments are on the increase from year to year, the authorities have to allocate more funds to meet the increased expenses and mounting problems of prisoners. Prisons in the present day face a number of problems of which overcrowding has become a serious issue.
And the history of school, work, counseling, and family programs in prisons does not inspire confidence: while programs of these sorts are not uncommon in prisons, they are difficult to evaluate, often operated haphazardly, and plagued by skepticism about whether 'rehabilitation' actually 'works.'
ildren, having a vulnerable and yet susceptible perceptions, most likely be influenced by what has been being exposed to them or what they were able to perceive visually, like watching television. In this manner, it can be assumed that television, as a medium, could be use to
This film represents an impressive work of Kleber Mendonca Filho, who is a renowned Brazilian writer and critique. The film is set in Brazil’s metropolitan city of Recife. It was produced in the year 2012. It features