In reference to Lowinson (2005), the use of performance enhancing drugs (PED) has a history which dates to as back as 1904. Ancient Greek athletes go down in the books of history for the use of special diets and…
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Covered in the subsequent paragraphs are types of drugs abused by athletes, reasons as to why they abuse drugs, associated effects, policies and punishments and finally, possible solutions to the problem.
The sole aim of one taking part in a sporting completion, just like is the case with any other kind of completion is to emerge victorious. However, sometimes the prediction of the outcome may leave the competitor feel like he/she has already lost to his/her opponents even before the real competition. This is the main drive behind use of drugs by some athletes, just to ensure that they emerge winners and land their hands on the gold medal for their country while at the same time ensuring personal accomplishment satisfaction.
. The former refers to the kinds of drugs which are usually taken with the aim of one getting the ability to perform better especially in athletics. With respect to Examples of PEDs include stimulants, human growth hormone (HGH), anabolic steroids, erythropoietin and diuretics (Audran et al, 1999). The second type of drugs (recreational drugs) comprise of those drugs, usually narcotic which are taken for the purpose of helping an individual alter his/her mood. In other words, these are drugs which are taken non-medically for the purpose of enjoyment and not because one is sick. Examples of drugs other this category include psychedelic mushrooms, cannabis, barbiturates, opium, amphetamines and heroin.
An athlete will feel satisfied if at the completion of the game it turns out that he/she emerged the winner. However, as it is obvious, one cannot be said to have won the race if he/she has not yet taken part in a given completion. It is both the victorious feeling associated with winning and the intense feeling of competition that leaves some athletes with no option but to abuse some certain drugs. When an athlete wins a race, he/she is sure of taking home (to his/her home country) a medal, getting a good
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The drugs that are most likely to be abused by athletes are anabolic steroids and hormones. These drugs promote muscle growth, enhancing performance through higher physical performance. The intention of the user in participating in this kind of abuse is to get a step above the competition through physical strength and condition.
Role models are defined by Robyn Silverman, a child development specialist, as “people who others imitate, emulate or look to for guidance” (Silverman par. 1). Inasmuch as there are good or positive role models, evidently, there are also others who provide negative impact and influence to those who were tagged as “"bad girls" or "bad boys" who serve as good examples of what NOT to do if you want to become a successful, respected person” (Silverman par.
Drug Testing of Student Athletes Name University Drug Testing of Student Athletes Several universities, schools and collages throughout US and in other nations have started testing student athletes for drugs and alcohol. These tests are on a rise since 1995 when the US Supreme Court accepted that students who are involved in athletic activities should be tested for drugs.
As Johnson, Lipton, and Wish (2001) explains, given the link between drugs and crime, the implementation of drug rehabilitation programmes in prisons may be defined as a strategy for the reduction of recidivism rates and for the assurance of the successful re-integration of offenders into their societies.
Drug use is universal. Every human culture in every age has ended up using one or more psychoactive drugs. Drug taking is so common that it seems to be a basic human activity. Drug taking is so common that it seems to be a basic human activity, and society must come to terms with the human fascination for drugs.
It appears that the methamphetamine really embodied by the 1996 legislation is crystal meth.
Drug prevalence data regarding rates of use for methamphetamine among various age groups are mixed and do not clearly indicate a predominant age group for methamphetamine use.
A research documented by Sturmey outlines that young athletes are not likely to use recreational drugs as compared to their counterparts who do not take part in athletics (864). Such studies only provide a limited scope
The author states that the most common performance-enhancing drugs are Creatine, Anabolic steroids, and Steroid precursors. Creatine is a compound that occurs in the body naturally and also is sold as a supplement. The major use of Creatine is to enhance the recovery post workout and expand the muscles volume.
bodies of the individual athletes go through, the large salaries have several negative effects on both the sports and the athletes as is corroborated by some living examples. The concentration of the professional athletes have seamlessly shifted from the sports to the large
Smith (2012) points out that by allowing doping all athletes would be on the same level in terms of superiority. Honest athletes are forced to compete with athletes with steroids induced in them. This is not fair
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