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This paper looks into the causes behind using children in warfare, as well as the various brutal techniques employed by the authorities to recruit or make use of them (War Child; UNICEF).
First of all, the reason why children are being used in war is because of the increasing trend in the prevalence of HIV/AIDs. As more and more years go by, the number of adults dying from this disease causes majority of the children to lose at least one or both of their parents. This happens mostly in countries hardest hit by HIV/AIDs. Consequently, there are millions of orphans in these countries with only a few options available for survival. The situation is made worse by the fact that only a few of these countries contain orphanages. Moreover, numerous of these orphans have watched their parents die right before their eyes, and have thus been driven to fend for themselves. As a result, these orphans think that they have nothing more to lose by participating in war (Singer, Peter W 42).
In addition to this is the continuous prevalence of global conflict. The number of internal conflicts going on the world today has approximately doubled ever since the Cold War ended. In such violent environments, children have grown up surrounded by bloodshed and have accepted it as a ‘permanent way of life’. Such children are always seen as potential soldiers. Besides seeing all the violence and fighting around them, many children are not provided with life’s basic necessities (education, health care, adequate housing, food, and water). This is especially true for those children who grow up in the middle of war. This is because such environments make it impossible for communities to provide its children with proper care and education. Thus, the weak social structures of such places cause children to turn towards war as a means of escaping these problems (Singer, Peter W 43).
Besides this, the manufacture of light weapons contributes to the prevalence,
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War has an effect on every development aspect of a child. Children who are affected by armed conflict often get injured, killed, and uprooted from their communities and homes and end up as refugees or internally displaced persons. Some of these children become separated from their parents and families or orphaned and are subjected to sexual exploitation and abuse.
The recruitment and employment of child soldiers has been condemned universally as unacceptable and abhorrent these days. However, the researcher states that children are also forced to become a soldier due to lack of work, educational opportunities and poverty in various unstable regions in the world.
The current report aims at highlighting the issue of child soldiers and relates to the extent to which this problem is gaining pace and the measures that are being done to address the issue world over. Background The overall conditions of unrest and poverty in the world specially in nations belonging to the central African regions and other under developed countries such as Uganda, Sudan and developing nations like India, Sri Lanka ("Child Soldiers", 2) etcetera have prompted children to become subjected to all kinds of hardships that are not in line with their basic needs and rights.
The problem occurs worldwide. However the topic is Africa, West Africa and the Great Lake Area in Africa tormented for many years with Civil Wars. The affects on the children are huge. Trained as killing machines they have no idea how to be a child anymore
Using children to fight wars is not only morally abhorrent, but very bad very the physical and mental health of the children in question. That is in part why a series of international laws and treaties have come into effect to try to deal with this scourge. But the issue is more complicated than that.
Increasingly, the children began to serve as combatants, spies, sentries, bodyguards, porters, and informants (Williams 75). This was especially so in Sierra Leone where many children were part of organized military units complete with uniforms