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ark gender inequalities between men and women, and so awakened women like Edna chooses suicide over a life of limitations that her womanhood brings to her.
Birds stand for imprisonment and the possibilities of being free. The mockingbird and parrot at Madame Lebrun’s house represent one of the freedoms that women lack: freedom of speech. These chattering birds irritate Léonce: “Mr. Pontellier had the privilege of quitting their society when [these birds] ceased to be entertaining” (Chopin 2). He shares the sentiments of other men who find women’s stories as inane. At the same time, the power to leave women as they talk represents the power of men over women’s freedom of expression. They can overlook the female voice and get away with it. Women, on the contrary, are forced to listen to and to obey what men tell them. Birds, in addition, stand for the feeling of being trapped as a woman. A woman is ensnared already as a woman, and more so, when she is married. One time, Edna weeps after Léonce charges her for being an irresponsible mother, and she feels: “An indescribable oppression, which seemed to generate in some unfamiliar part of her consciousness, filled her whole being with a vague anguish” (Chopin 14-15). She slowly realizes that her gender has put her inside a strong figurative cage. Birds also signify freedom. The ability to open one’s wings and to fly is an action of complete freedom. Mlle. Reisz tells Edna to develop stronger wings for her artistic desires. Wings represent the strength of flight; it suggests the lack of boundaries in the sky. As a married woman, nevertheless, Edna cannot stretch her wings and fly, because she is in a cage of her gendered roles as a wife and a mother.
The sea stands for Edna’s yearning for escape. Edna sees the ocean as her only escape from her limited world. In the sea, she can swim and flee from her husband’s controls of her actions. She can leave behind her roles as a mother too. She believes
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The basic dialectical viewpoint displays the significance of contradictions in nature. To understand historical change, it is necessary to understand and accept contradiction as existing reality. It also shows that social change is driven by the contradictory nature that exists in society.
Many critics have identified Edna as a character who is afflicted with heart trouble. It is this affliction that makes readers view Edna Pontellier as an exponent of feminist ideology. Analyzing the novel one can clearly notice that the society that Edna lives is shaped under the thought of gender, but her sexuality struggles with those concepts.
The present study aims to examine and analyze her magnum opus “The Awakening” (1899), which is viewed as the leading piece of literature has been created within feminist perspective. Though Chopin has courageously raised voice against the confinement of women within four walls, as well as against the repression of her emotions and thoughts, yet she is aptly criticized for portraying and presenting only one region of the globe, and thus is regarded as a regional writer containing limited canvas to paint the social and cultural problems prevailing in her contemporary era.
She makes her heroine Edna Pontellier play independently and autocratically in the realm of men. The prospect of freedom provokes Edna to defy her social responsibilities that tends to define the Victorian femininity and womanhood. But ultimately she fails to perceive that greater freedom is entitled with greater sincerity and responsibility.
However, Zohrab (6) provides a definition of feminism that is seen to be widely acceptable as it essentially encompasses all the various different definitions of the term. According to Zohrab, feminism can be defined as being the application of the victims of oppression model to various different situations that are faced by women in the modern society today.
Adherents of feminism seek to discover ways that women or the feminine are undermined in various cultures and to identify ways to raise the status of women. Broadly speaking, aesthetics is the philosophy of art.
Adèle Ratignolle, a mother-woman, and Madame. Reisz, the pianist. “Adèle embodies female biology, always talking of her condition, for she has a baby about every two years. Adèles opposite, Mme. Reisz, a serious artist, is unmarried. She exemplifies the solitary life
How great is the possibility of getting the traditional and patriarchal interpretations of Islam to be modified in Islamic societies?
These questions in the forms of criticisms, in-depth studies and much
Edna decides to follow her own path. She decides not to be associated with the dictators of patriarchy existing in her community. The novel outlines how she tries to be her own woman as a result of her
The play faced recurrent suppression for a long time because of the Frank representation of adolescent sexuality, homoeroticism on the stage that was as a result of suppression and societal pretense. The Spring Awakening was presumed as a pornography play by many people in
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