Pidgins and creoles are basically spoken in third world countries to adapt to the social and political changes of the society where the language is spoken. Pidgins and creoles have taken shape from European languages like Spanish, English and French. Since pidgins are used as the mode of communication between different language speaking groups constituting natives and immigrants or natives and missionaries, there has been no requirement to learn the language correctly.
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A sentence in pidgin lacks prepositions, articles, subordinate clause and auxiliary verbs that connect the subject. Pidgin sentences are a collection of verbs, nouns and adjectives. Though the idea is communicated well, the contextual detail in the information is lost while communicating through a pidgin.
Pidgins usually develop into creoles. Creoles follow grammatical rules with common rules for speakers and have a structural format for sentences. The metamorphosis from a pidgin to creoles is viewed as a natural development to the persistence of the language (Stafford).
In the creole sentence, 'But how child of uncle Oom do die then', it may be noted that the tense deviates from the standard use of the verb. The phonology is poorly constructed by using the verbs incorrectly, though the message is conveyed to the listener. The word 'do' is improperly used instead of the word 'did', since the reason for death should be asked in the past tense. The poor structure of the sentence and usage of grammar may be attributed to the incapability of the speaker to use the lexis. However, the usage of then at the end of the sentence gives a clear picture to the listener that the speaker is questioning an incident.
While analyzing the sentence it...
Even if the speaker has used proper grammar the words in the sentence should easily interconnect itself resulting in the usage of a proper lexis (Willis p.23). In the above sentence though the message is communicated through a collection of words, it does not give a pleasing sound to the listener thus substantiating that the sentence is a creole.
While evaluating the sentence, 'Yes, be one nice question, TAG. Well, I PAST be at Novar,' the correct usage of lexis gains importance. The word nice is usually used as an adjective to appreciate the quality of a behavior or material. The poor organization of words thus denotes wrong use of phonology in a pidgin. In this creole, the word nice has been used instead of the word good.
The incorrect usage of tense is again found in the sentence, I be at Novar, I be with one man, PAST IMP talk story with one man, where the word 'be' is used instead of was. The repeated use of the word 'man' indicates the wrong usage of lexis, since the creole speaker is less familiar with extensive vocabulary to use common words like 'guy' to refer to a person and therefore results in the poor usage of words or phonology differentiating the sentence from standard English.
It is again noted in the sentence, 'Then one man ride come with one bike, but the man who come take me, he and the-pl DEM NEG be good' that the speaker has used two verbs consecutively. The words 'ride' and 'come' is used to communicate the arrival of a person denoting improper grammar, phonology and lexis. The speaker has used the native language in the sentence with no grammatical continuity.
The sentence, 'Then the man stay at street then he IMP shout call
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(Pidgins and Creoles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Pidgins and Creoles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/english/1522937-pidgins-and-creoles.
“Pidgins and Creoles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1522937-pidgins-and-creoles.
The nativist perspective describes children’s language developed during early years as an innate, genetic process that does not require any external influences. The most distinguished nativists are Chomsky, Pinker, and Fodor. By contrast, non-nativist professionals (mostly constructivists) are convinced that language development in children during their early years is a complex product of multiple influences; otherwise, how can the nativist perspective explain the development of language abilities in children that were born to one family and were adopted by foreign parents before the first signs of language development became evident?
Some countries like Singapore, India, Nigeria, etc. implement English in their governmental, educational and law systems. Such actions provide the language with a status of ‘second language’, which serves as a supplementary method of communication and which is preferred to be learnt as early as possible.
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The close of the 20th century marked the end of nearly fifty years of
This would include such examples as "bear" (animal) and "bear" (endure).
When words merge due to accent, such as "pin" and "pen" in the South, they are considered to be homophones. However, if the merge is due to laziness in speech and not by dialect, they are not considered true homophones.
Other languages such as Khmer and Maori fit the same description as Chinese. Creoles seen as the world’s newest languages lacked certain features found in other languages. Non-compositional derivational morphology,
For example, some of the structural features that some theorists claim that distinguish pidgins and creoles from other languages are present in other languages as well. This give rise to concerns as to whether or not, one can differentiate pidgins and creoles from
Many acted as intermediaries to necessitate negotiations between the Africa merchants and European sea captains. The group had a culture advantage in that it would blend well with both the African and European culture. The mixed heritage enables them to be integrated into the European trade and accompanied the Europeans in their sea travel.
The author uses to explain the simplicity of the Creole language is the fact that it has been the subject for research over the years and this has left it little room for growth and development. The other languages are not researched as much and hence they can scientifically grow and this growth facilitates changes in its grammar.