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Human genetic enhancement - Essay Example

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Human Genetic Enhancement Name: Institution’s name: Biological and life sciences have advanced to stage where it is today possible for humans to control and manipulate genes and their expressions in a cell. Knowledge of genetics, molecular biology along with recombinant DNA technology has made the science of genetic engineering a reality and that too, a successful one…
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Human genetic enhancement

Download file to see previous pages... The introduced genes may support the normal genes and enhance certain traits and this also provides solution to many human genetic or phenotypic disorders such as short height etc. However, the implementation of the technology on humans have raised a number of ethical concerns since it alters nature’s selection and destroys the original identity of the person who is being bio-enhanced even though the same technology maybe beneficial is used knowledgably and hence the U.S policy makers must keep a number of things in mind before adjusting the limit to which genetic enhancement maybe allowed. The President of America has ordered the removal of all limitations on the research involving stem cell technologies since the field is deemed promising and the research of “human embryonic cells and human non-embryonic cells has the potential to lead to better understanding and treatment of many disabling disease and conditions” (The President,2009, 10667). This has enable research endeavor in the field of enhancement however, this is deemed “interfering” and “unethical”. In the framework of human rights, each individual has the right to his or her own genetic identity and hence enjoy the uniqueness bestowed through the genetic makeup. The molecular tools that helps to manipulate this genetic makeup destroys this uniqueness and the original identity of the person which automatically leads to violation of the basic human rights. One of the most important features of genetic enhancement at the embryonic level is that it would enable a baby to have 3 and even 4 genetic parents at one time and therefore gives rise an ethical dilemma since this will interfere with the identity of the child. Researchers who are associated with the development of the technology claim that human genetic enhancement is a primary tool for preventing or diagnosing genetic disease in babies. Rob Stein informs us that geneticists and researchers have found out how to manipulate the DNA in the human egg and this is being hailed as an immensely advanced achievement since it will help prevent hereditary genetic disorders in the babies (All things Considered,2012). The researchers develop healthy embryos by substituting the mutated or defective DNA in the baby with normal DNA taken from healthy gene. Mitchell in his article says that a line must be drawn between genetic therapy and enhancement. The scientists involved in genetic enhancement technology have diminished the line between using genetic manipulation for treating genetic problems and disorders and substituting or supplementing normal genes with selected better genes to create a superior human (Mitchell,2010). Biological enhancement is not in conformity with the true motive of medical treatments. Medical treatments are aimed towards providing good health to patients and keeping them as “natural” as possible i.e. the internal and the external balance of each individual must be kept optimum and a complete state of homeostasis must be maintained. Mitchell writes “Whether we call it healing, wellness, or shalom, the goals of medicine are restorative and preventive” (Mitchell,2010) and human genetic advancements must not be thereby deemed as a method for clinical prevention of diseases. It cannot be denied that man has always wanted his children to be better. It is often a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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