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No, not very clear" (21). There are several sub-meanings in the novel that can be interpreted in several ways. The story in itself was narrated in a non-conventional way that there was a story within a story adding to the ambiguity of the narrative. But the most prominent ambiguity in the novel is moral ambiguity because its standard and application in the novel was uncertain that it is difficult to tell what constitutes right and wrong, good and evil because these standards were unclear and not easily understood in the novel. One of the most prominent ambiguity in the novel is Kurtz and the circumstances about him. Marlow first heard about Kurtz during a meeting with the accountant of the Company on his way to Congo making him a subject of a subject in a novel or a story of a story as Marlow, the protagonist of the story narrates about him. At first Marlow was somewhat impressed by the reputation Kurtz as he was described as “very remarkable person” (37) in the novel. But as the novel progresses and as more information was revealed about him, his character becomes blurry that it is difficult to describe his circumstances. ...
And perhaps being a novel, maybe device some unusual way to extract vengeance from him for his brutality. But no, he was strangely revered by the natives and was even treated like a god. In his deathbed, natives even surrounded him when Marlow paid Kurtz a visit. And even he felt kinship with the natives that the attack on Marlow’s boat was made with the prodding of Kurtz as revealed by the Russian trader so that Kurtz will not be found and perhaps, to be left alone with the natives. These circumstances blur the logical sequence of morality that you will be hated if you harm people. Instead, Kurtz seemed to be adored by the natives whom he used to slaughter for ivory. The use of words and description of places is also ambiguous that made the novel quite difficult to understand. Congo which is a part of Africa and Africa in general was referred to as the real heart of darkness as the title of the novel suggests but it is also described to be not as dark and gloomy as the colonists place such as London and Belgium. This run counters to the common view that we are accustomed with that Africa was supposed to be uncivilized and therefore darker and the Europeans which were supposed to be educated and civilize were supposed to be the bearer of light. But this was negated in the narrative because it was Europe that was darker and not the heart of darkness which was Congo. Here, the standard of what is morally desirable is blurred because the place that was assigned to be the heart of darkness was not after all darker but in fact better than Europe which we used to think as civilized. The ending of the novel was also ambiguous.
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In the novel “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad, different issues are discussed. A novel, full of symbolism, still is very interesting for contemporary readers and critics. This research paper is focused on Marlow’s lie discussion as an embodiment of a character’s development on the background of darkness.
The misrepresentation of these people has resulted in their disenfranchisement or depoliticization and segregation from the mainstream social order (During 256). The new cultural politics of difference reacts to this crisis of representation. West argues that the goal of these marginalized groups is “to empower and enable social action and, if possible, to enlist collective insurgency for the expansion of freedom, democracy, and individuality” (During 257).
According to the paper, Conrad was an exemplary Saussurean writer. He exceeded the Saussurean model, and the ways he did so actually provide the grounds for a compelling critique of Saussure and the whole idea of a language machine. Saussure based his theory of language on the self-contained system of signs in a given linguistic community.
The relationship between the rational, light world and the irrational, dark and mad world is integral to understanding the novel. Perhaps the most famous line of Heart of Darkness is "Mr Kurtz - He dead", expressing the view that Kurtz, who has gone further into the darkness of Africa, has lost all his humanity and has gone totally mad.
Many modern and leftist critics, including the celebrated Nigerian author Chinua Achebe find the novel to be upholding imperialism and racism in a very subtle and hidden way. Heart of Darkness, a story the reader presumes to be have happened in the Congo as depicted by Marlow from a barge on the Thames.
The bulk of the book concentrates on Marlowe’s telling of his adventures on the Congo River as a steamboat captain sent in to find a station master who has gone missing. As he struggles to make his way up the river to the interior where this man is supposed to be waiting for him, Marlowe begins to gain a deeper understanding of what is actually occurring in the forest outside the realm of what he’s been told by the Company.
The research shows dilemma that is known one to readers of Conrad. The ingenious, moral man enters a dimension of peril and temptations; he fights, alone, to uphold his morality. Frequently he fails. But in Heart of Darkness the issue is quite complicated, for here the probable moralities, the manners of control, may be perceived to be less accessible, as options or alternatives, illusory.
ul perspective into the human condition, and approaches to possibly his most cynical finales on the different and irreconcilable tensions and pressures that can be inflicted on humanity’s moral, psychological and intellectual pursuit. I will attempt, in this chapter, to