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A study investigating the mismatch between the course book and the needs of saudi technicians working in air forces - Literature review Example

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Needs Analysis and English for Special Purposes: Literature Review Name: Course No: Course Name: Date: Needs Analysis and English for Special Purposes In the late sixties, it was realized that the English for special purpose failed to meet the requirements of learners and the employers…
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A study investigating the mismatch between the course book and the needs of saudi technicians working in air forces

Download file to see previous pages... Therefore, new courses were prepared to meet the requirement. In the process of course designing, ESP became the dominant tool in view of its demand by the stakeholders and the employers (Anthony 1997, 2). With the passage of time, it was admitted that such module of learning would attract workforce migrated from all over the world in search of green pasture. In the fast developing economies like India, Dubai, Malaysia, and Eastern Europe such courses are considered as a useful method of learning for the workforce. The learners themselves now realize that English is an effective tool in achieving the empowerment and self-expression. Hence, it should not confine to few situations only (Anthony 1997, 2-3). To further improve the situation in the mid of seventies, the idea of needs analysis was floated. Prior to that, needs analysis mainly focused on linguistic and register analysis. The focused analysis method in 80s was first used by chambers in their articles and tried to remove the confusion that existed about certain terminologies (Astika 1999, 1). In the light of the statement of Iwai, formal needs analysis was the new concept in the field of language teaching. This method was mostly used by the teacher to examine what sort of techniques could woo or influence the students to become master of English language. These experiments were the mother of new approaches to be replaced with the existing. John opined that such analysis is needed to introduce for course designing, which provides authenticity, validity and relevancy for the following courses to be designed in the same pattern (Astika 1999, 2-3). The insertion of subject related pictures in course of English language for Specific Purpose are in fact technological and theoretical assessment of languages that are to be used to satisfy the learner needs and to meet the globalized requirement, where local and global needs are merged. By using ESP with its multiple analytical methods may address the need of a hotel worker at one particular place or situation in a detailed manner than ever before. Now the learners and the workers are started realizing that in different circumstances different methods of learning are to be adopted in an effective manner to cope with the situation. Now the specialists of ESP finding out more ways and means that attracts more and more participants in the courses specifically designed for them to cater to their needs. It is true that without understanding the problems of the course participants, the desired result could be elusive dreams. Therefore, in order to ensure effective participation of the specific participants in basic learner’s academies, at work place and in the communities merits in depth research by the researchers about their needs and how to handle them (Belcher 2006, 134-135). The aim and work of Munby was just to find out the linguistic problems for the initial learners, used in many situations are praiseworthy. The outcome of Munby’s model is appreciated by Hutchinson and Waters (1987) since it serves the purpose of learners very effectively in a targeted situation. Subsequent model derives their strength from the model of Munby because it provides valuable data banks and target performance (Songhori 2008, 7-8). There are researchers who focus on analyzing target situation needs that followed Munby’s CNP model. We should take into consideration the efforts of Hutchinson and Wa ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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