DATE: The Art of Abstract Expressionism Introduction and Definition Abstract Expressionism or “AbEx” in the short form is a term that refers to a movement of largely non representative form of painting…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
Abstract expressionism is also known as Action Painting, Colour Filed Painting or Gestural Abstraction because the strokes of the painting brush revealed the artist’s process. The painting technique is the subject of art itself. According to Harold Rosenberg, Abstract Expression became an event and therefore, dubbed it “Action Painting” in 1952. Art historians however review that his definition of art as Action painting leaves out the aspects of control and chance. Abstract Expression therefore comes from three major sources: Kandinsky’s abstraction, chance according to Dadaist, and the Surrealist’s endorsement of Freudian theory, which embraces, sexuality, the relevance of dreams and the authenticity of ego, which abstract expressionism express through “action”. The term Abstract Expressionism was first coined in Germany, Europe in 1919 in the magazine “Der Stum” in regards to German expressionists. It was later adopted in the U.S in 1946 and was applied to the American art by critic Robert Coates. History Abstract Expressionism was spearheaded by a number of Artists in America (strongly influenced by European expatriates) who had grown up during the collapse of world order, influenced by World War II and the Cold War aftermath. The artists saw the two art movement of 1930s called the Social realism and Regionalism – failed to satisfy their desire for artistic growth. They were therefore, influenced by European refugees whose approach to art opened up new possibilities for artistic growth. The refuges included the German Expressionist George Grosz (1893-1959), Arshile Gorky the Armenian-born , who settled in the US in 1920, the Cubist Fernand Leger (1881-1955), the German-born Hans Hofmann who migrated to America in 1930, the Bauhaus abstract painter Josef Albers (1888-1976)the geometrical abstractionist Piet Mondrian (1872-1944) Dada artist Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968), and the Surrealists Yves Tanguy (1900-55), Max Ernst (1891-1976), Andre Masson (1896-1987) and Andre Breton (1896-1966). The Surrealist artists were extremely influential with Jackson Pollock taking up their idea of unconscious automatic painting. The exiles’ significance in the development of American art was acknowledged by Jackson Pollock himself. “The fact that good European Moderns are now here is highly powerful for they bring with them an understanding of the problems of modern painting.” The Development of Abstract Expressionism The development of abstract expressionism was influenced by a few key figures and indigenous painters. Albert Pinkham Ryder (1847-1917) was an early precursor of abstract expressionism. A key transitional figure between the years before the World War II and the years after was Stuart Davis who focused on the integrity of his pictorial structure. Stuart’s works were viewed as an American extension of Cubism. However, despite his close contact with Fernand Leger (A master of Cubism), Stuart’s works were brightly coloured, solid, clear and flat. Stuart’s works were of exceptional influence to the artists of the 1940s-1950s and consequently on Pop Art. In the same era, “Precisionists” also proved influential with their portrayal of contemporary America in a boldly coloured, hard-edged version of Cubism. However, the two most influential pioneers of Abstract Expressionism were Hans Hofmann (1880-1966) and Arshile Gorky (1905-1948), neither of whom was connected with the early European expressionist movement in Germany. Gorky’
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
(“U choose Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words”, n.d.)
U choose Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/english/1476288-u-choose
(U Choose Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 Words)
U Choose Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 Words. https://studentshare.org/english/1476288-u-choose.
“U Choose Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1476288-u-choose.
Hummel- of Ludwig von Mises Institute- traces the roots of military draft in the USA and the factors that led to its requirement of the government. Sands’ article explains why a lot of countries have abandoned the military draft over the years. Body Summary of articles According to Yew-Kwang, the military draft has been a common phenomenon throughout the globe (373).
Such studies are becoming more common, mainly due to the availability of low cost Geographic Information System with user-friendly interfaces. Such systems allow the spatial visualization of variables such as quality of life indexes, individual populations, or company sales in a region using maps.
Many legal activities that exist in a society have consequential causes to the people living in the society depending on legal institutions’ decision regarding them. These activities may lie in fields that deal with property, contract, torts, crimes or justice cases.
This research work primarily deals with Bald Eagles, the birds that dominate the North American sky. The researcher attempts to provide basic information on the bird. Besides, the researcher tries to unveil the peculiarities of the bird’s natural habitat.
This paper presents findings of various researchers and provides information on why teenage girls choose abortion. Teenage abortion has always been a most disputable issue in this contemporary world. According to the recent research done by Teen Shelter Org, nearly 30 percent of teenage girls, who are pregnant in the United States of America, abort their fetus of the body.
The mere fact that the virtual world consists of pure illusion, any sort of perpetual happiness it assumes to have may not hence be claimed to guarantee good.
We have all lived in a world of real circumstances heretofore and though human beings naturally possess the capacity
In medical anthropology, health and wellness are cultural constructions whose meanings can vary across societies and historical epochs (Baer et al., 2003). From a medical anthropological perspective, a