United Nations and Human Ritghs
United Nations and Human Rights Franklin D. Roosevelt president of the United States of America gave the name United Nation which was initially known as League of Nations. …
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The purpose of establishing this organization by Kofi Annan is "Preventing conflicts so that we can live in a world free of fear." (Role of United Nations) United Nation is playing a great role in tackling the catastrophes and mass murders that are taking place all around the world. The role of United Nations has however been criticized by many individuals in certain instances. It is believed that they have not fully come up to fulfill the roles that were assigned to the organization when it came into existence. These nations which had joined hands together initially decided to take organizations which had hold internationally to help them out on certain matters concerning welfare. Through this effort various agencies which specialized in various areas were established. In the year 1865 the ' International Telecommunication Union' which was initially the 'International telegraph union' was formed. Apart from that the 'universal postal union' also came into existence in the year 1874. (History of United Nations) A conference was organized in The Hague in the year 1899 in order to discuss and draft their stance on how to settle problems peacefully and to overcome prevailing crisis. The reason behind this conference was to prevent wars and to generate the basic rules that governed warfare. The major achievement of this conference was that it developed the 'Permanent Court of Arbitration' which started to function in the year 1902. This court was majorly influenced by the 'Pacific Settlement of International Disputes'. The United Nation takes its existence from the League of Nations which was established during the First World War to overcome the massacre that took place. This organization was not successful and therefore was dissolved. It was also formed with the purpose of maintaining peace and security as well as to establish cooperation internationally. This organization that is the United Nations was established in the year 1945 on 24th of October. This organization was formed by the consent of veto powers such as China, United Kingdom, United States of America, Soviet Union and other member countries who signed the resolution. Every year the 'United Nations Day' is celebrated on 24 of October. After this organization was established it was realized that a code of conduct needs to be derived so that the rights of human beings remains protected and no human is a victim of ill treatment what so ever. Therefore realizing this United Nations developed a charter which contained the basic rights which are the inborn right of each and every individual of the signatories as well as the countries that come under their jurisdiction. This law was formerly known as the 'The Universal Declaration of Human Rights'. This declaration was passed so that the wrong that was being done to humans previously like they were being deprived of their basic necessities. Power was being exercised unjustly; slavery was at its peak. Considering all these circumstances where human beings were being treated worse than animals then it was realized that certain initiates need to be taken that would protect the sovereignty and dignity of individuals and no individual would have the right to oppress any human irrespective of power, position etc. In simpler words this organization was established with the following motto, "Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human
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Why didn't the United Nations pursue intervention in Rwanda? One of the most violent intra-state conflicts of the century occurred in Rwanda during the 1990s, and culminated in genocidal slaughter between April and July 1994. The death of up to one million Rwandans and the suffering of up to five million internal and external refugees shocked the world.
The Executive Office of the Secretary-General includes the Secretary-General as well as his senior consultants. The Secretariat has more or less 25000 staff members on contractual bases for a year or more, from which around 18000 are paid from extra budgetary funds.
Whether man made or natural, disasters are catastrophic, instantaneous and indiscriminate in character and usually occur without warning, thus making adjustment efforts difficult. Disasters have afflicted man throughout history. Human suffering induced by floods and famines are indeed tales that have defied generational measures into the 21st century with deleterious damages that combines life and valuable properties.
Fifty one nations mulled together to find a solution and in majority they signed the charter in the city of San Francisco. It was in fact first treaty of its kind that achieved consensus on world peace. International law in this context has a lot to tell about its formulation and evolution thereafter1.
United Nations and Israel
Resolution 347 by the UNSC
As a result, the Council was forced to condemn the act of Israel violating the integrity of Lebanon’s territory and requested Israel to desist from engaging in a war against Lebanon. This Resolution further condemned the excess loss of life as a result of Israel’s military action and requested Israel to obey international law by returning the kidnapped civilians to Lebanon.
The United Nations was created in 1945 with an aim of bringing harmony to the world through taking a common approach to many of the problems that the world was facing.
The United Nation has been one for the most important bodies in the world that have worked to ensure that there is peace and tranquility in the world.
Social and economic growth, safety, security, and fulfillment of civil rights of the people are the prime concerns that UN has continued to manage and administer. Particularly, 193 countries across the globe are members
Unfortunately, the League proved futile in preventing the Second World War; hence, it was compelled to dissolve. After the barbaric war ended in 1945, leaders from 50 nations congregated in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International