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Your Name Name of of Professor “Hanging Fire” It is perhaps only in art that one finds a cheerful coexistence of aesthetics and politics. In this light, this essay will attempt to read Audre Lorde’s poem “Hanging Fire.” The analysis will look at both formal and thematic aspects of the poem and understand them in the context of poet’s own times, social and cultural location and views projected in her art…
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Thus, the poet-narrator’s art and by extension her readers become the confidants in a world where she seems utterly emotionally and psychologically isolated. The opening line “I am fourteen and my skin has betrayed me” conveys a multiplicity of meanings all at once. While at one level it speaks of the narrator’s burgeoning sexuality and the physical changes that accompany the onset of adolescence, the word “skin” is perhaps imbued with another layer of meaning. As readers of Lorde’s works one is aware of the manner in which race figures as dominant motif in her writing. Thus, perhaps the young narrator is also made to feel her racial difference from the hegemonic ethnic group as she is initiated into an adult world and grapples with the idea of beauty, identity and desire. The second stanza addresses the social expectations that the young narrator is expected to conform to. While at one level she is expected to learn to dance for an upcoming social event, at another level the poem lays bare the fact that she is yet to find a concrete direction or passion in her life. A recurrent image in the poem is that of the absent mother. The words “momma's in the bedroom with the door closed” indicates not merely a physical, but also emotional distance between the mother and the daughter. The narrator repeatedly seeks her mother in her moments of coming of age anxieties and worries, but she always finds herself separated from the latter by an emotional barrier. The aim of the poem here is arguably not a didactic one wherein the mother’s inaccessibility towards her daughter is criticised. Instead, it represents the walls of age, class, sexual orientation which prevent an empowering solidarity between women from materializing. The narrator seems to suggest that her mother is unable to gauge the emotional and even intellectual possibilities of a mother’s relationship with her daughter and chooses to have a relationship of hierarchy, divested of true bonding instead. One of the most interesting things about the poem’s language is the fact that it intersperses the somewhat childish ruminations of an adolescent with profound observations befitting of an older, more matured mind. Thus, for instance, in the second stanza the seemingly light-hearted thought of dancing is followed by an unlikely thought of her death. This stylistic tactic perhaps conveys urges readers to revise conventionally held views which dismiss a young person’s thoughts and ideas as facile and underdeveloped. It reveals that cloaked underneath childlike thoughts may be incisive intellectual observations and even social critiques of gender, race and class. The third stanza addresses the patriarchal biases prevalent in the educational system. The lines “I should have been on Math Team, my marks were better than his” bear evidence to this. It shows how a girl despite being academically superior to her male counterparts is denied the same opportunities as them. The reference to braces in this section points to the expectations of social propriety and conventional standards of beauty which are imposed on a young girl from the very onset of puberty. The poem ends with the refrain “and momma's in the bedroom with the door closed.” This reiterates the emotional accessibility of the narrator’
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Under such circumstances, it is necessary that careful planning, organizing, and detailed study should be carried out before building a four-story car park with all modern amenities and conveniences, including the paramount need for safety and security of human lives as well as properties. This report analyses the various safety requirements in the construction of a four-story car park facility. The car park is proposed to be constructed at the University of Central Lancashire, which has experienced a shortage in car park space during the recent past. The university has proposed to construct a new multi-story car park before the Foster building. During the construction work, the entrance to Foster Building will be via Midland B...
...Fire safety - Design Assignment 0.Introduction This report provides a guidance for fire safety aspects that has to be followed in the designof Mr. and Mrs. Jones’s new house. Being the fire safety advisor for Mr. and Mrs. Jones , I intend to provide the fire safety standards according to modern Building Regulations , demanded by the building planning authorities. This fire safety report details the type of fire safety facilities that are planned to be incorporated in this house along with their specifications. This report has been prepared based on the guidance laid by Approved Document B ( Fire Safety ) – Volume 1 : Dwelling Houses ( 2006 ) edition. The report provides a combination of the aspects related to provisions for warning...
...HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IN FIRE The designs of buildings today are such that the principle of performance is based on fire safety; basically the time available for occupants to evacuate the building should be greater than the time required. The time required for the occupants to evacuate and escape is known as the required Safe escape time (RSET) (Daniel Nilsson, Anders Johansson, 2009)
Daniel Wilson and Anders Johansson have conducted an evacuation experiment in a cinema theatre to analyze people’s behavior and reaction. This analysis was conducted to focus and investigate if individual people’s behavior influenced the others during the pre movement stage of fire evacuation. Experiments have been performed in various types of buildings...
...THIS IS A DRAFT VERSION THIS IS A DRAFT VERSION THIS IS A DRAFT VERSION ENCLOSURE FIRE DYNAMICS N1. Using Arrhenius’ law compare the chemical reaction rates at two temperatures, 450K and 900K, where the activation energy is 180kJ/mole. Comment on the results (2 marks).
The Arrhenius equation for reaction rates is well-known as:
R(T) = k exp(- E / ( RT ) )
For temperatures T1 and T2, the equation can be written as follows:
R(T1) = k exp(- E / ( RT1 ) )
R(T2) = k exp(- E / ( RT2 ) )
Note: the pre-exponential factor (k) is not given but can be assumed to be constant (i.e. the same for each temperature).
These two equations can be combined to give the ratio of reaction rates resulting in the following equation:
This requires internal competencies ranging from establishing a visionary culture built on trust and effective procurement and distribution of resources as a functional business structure. The research did not identify the volume of employees at Derbyshire Fire & Rescue, however, the development of a training and programme development organisation makes it comparable to a small- to medium-sized organisation, requiring the same level of management and leadership presence in a business industry fitting this profile. The PESTLE framework identifies the macroeconomic factors that impact internal business decision-making. It uses environmental scanning to identify the political, economic, social, technological, legal and eco-...
... Maxim Fire and Rescue Services
Maxim Fire and Rescue Services is based in Nairobi in Kenya and is involved in the business of responding to fire emergency calls. The Fire and Rescue services first originated in Dar es Salaam in the year 2000 with four ex-Surrey Fire and Rescue Mercedes pumps, but the department has grown to also extend its fire fighting services to Nairobi (www. Knightsupport.com). The company also provides associated services such as vehicle extraction and confined space rescue services. This Report outlines the organizational issues associated with the Company and its personnel.
In Nairobi, due to poor quality of construction materials, there is a greater likelihood of fire...
...Analysis of cigarettes as a cause of fire:
Background of the argument:
Cigarettes have largely been referred to as a fundamental source of fire in many fire breakout incidents that have occurred at various places in the world so far, where their identification as the causal factor was altogether unjust. Holding burning cigarette buds responsible for fire breakouts has been used as a way to escape the real cause of fire in many cases simply because the idea seems quite appealing to human psychology that is inclined towards exaggerating the evils associated with the smoking practice. Cigarette haters leave no stone unturned in the way of tarnishing its image in the eyes of public in general. Keeping in mind that people have grown...
...Szasz under fire al affiliation Szasz under fire SLIDE slide Slide 2 Background of Thomas Szasz Thomas Szasz was born in Hungary in 1920. In his late teenage hood, he attended school in the United States of America where he studied Medicine. In fact, Thomas attained an MD in Medicine, in the Cincinnati University College and later on attended the University of Chicago Clinics for his Psychiatric, and later in the late 1940s, he went through training in psychoanalysis in the Chicago Institute.
After his studies, Thomas managed to get certification from the American Board of Neurology and Psychiatry, a move that paved way to his joining the Institution for analysis in Chicago. Later on in his educational career, he managed to attain...
The Baltimore fire, which occurred on February 7, 1904, stunned the entire world particularly due to its intensity and effect. The fire is said to have been caused by a cast-off piece of cigarette in a warehouse, which kindled a piece of cotton before the fire spread to the entire warehouse and adjacent buildings. Though no one died, the fire destroyed about 80 city blocks, which were mainly firms and other business premises. It is approximated that properties worth $125,000,000 were destroyed, while one firefighter was injured in the course of distinguishing the fire, which had attracted more than a thousand firefighters (National Fire Protection Association 1-20). The Triangle Shirtwaist fire of March 25 1911, which is sai...
...Fire Management in Northern Australia Fire Management in Northern Australia Introduction Around the globe, there is a major and increasing body of literature on human interaction with fire as an essential element of the living environment, and as historians put it, “born of life on earth at least 400 million years ago” (Martin 2013, p. 68). As the Martin (2013, p. 68) puts it, “life itself develops and sustains fire’s existence; it also supplies the oxygen fire breathes, furnishes the energy that feeds it and overpoweringly applies the ignition, which sparks it into existence.” More than just being a chemical reaction, fire is also an aspect of the cultural ecology of life on this earth. In Australia, for instance, studies on such cultural...
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