Can the theories in Machiavelli's THE PRINCE be used to justify the totalitarian actions and theories of Marx, Lenin and Stalin? Niccolo Machiavelli penned down his eternally famous "The Prince" in 1517. The book had such a vast impact on several leaders from Stalin to Mussolini…
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The totalitarian actions of several great world leaders have walked on the path he laid causing indestructible loss to the humanity as well as morals. Machiavelli's theories do justify the actions of the leaders, who sculpted the history of the human kind, but history had proved again and again total control over any community, unleashed through chameleonic actions, fear and attacking first will only fail sooner or later. Act According to the Situation Machiavelli always argued the leaders should be ready to act in a chameleonic way to preserve their power. According to him it is completely just to lure the people using various philosophies like patriotism, capitalism etc. They should never regret to change it as and when necessary, if there is a threat for their power. He says every leader should be ready to take the help of the evil to sustain power if they are compelled to do so. "...he (the leader of the state) must stick to the good so long as he can, but, being compelled be necessity, he must be ready to take the way of the evil."(Machiavelli, 63) Both Karl Marx and Machiavelli did agree that there is an existing tension prevailing between the nobles and the common men for centuries. Both challenged the primitive believes of the previous generations. They put forward new ideas to change the world. Marx saw people as social beings whose total history is merely a class struggle. Each struggle leads to some sort of development. Machiavelli actually defines the rules and regulations for these struggles. Machiavellianism seen as a satire helps Marxists understand the evils of bourgeoisie much better. But, Karl Marx’s actions were influenced by the ideologies in the book to a great extent. While Marx and Machiavelli were two different poles when it came to society’s freedom and development, both shared similar views on acquiring power. Machiavelli has personally experienced all the brutalities like Strapeddo and confinement within a short area which Marx struggled to remove from the society. He penned down the Prince with the aim of impressing his Lorenzo di Medici, the then Italian prince who had the capability to reduce his sentence (Wooton, 1994). The struggling did shape Machiavelli’s mind and gave him the capability to analyze the reason behind such issues. Machiavelli clearly described no man is good and there is no point in resolving only good means to fight or rule him. Similarly Karl Marx also agreed every man in a political animal and they need iron hands to rule them until humanity evolves into better state. Karl Marx struggled to establish a communal government where the poorest of the poor who were suppressed in every possible way would get some sort of freedom and justice. He believed it would be possible only through complete power change. His “Dictatorship of Proletariat” is the best example of how power will be shifted from one class to the other. This is what Machiavelli describes as taking the help of evil. Marxism actually lures people into believing everybody will be treated fair, with equality and mercy. But, the means to acquire power to materialize the same will be brutal, crushing everybody possible. In simple word Marxists can take the help of the evil to establish goodness in the world. They can kill the very mob they guaranteed freedom to achieve power. Karl Marx did have close contacts with many elite, rich
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The other concept includes the use of the scientific method to the social world, which can be regarded as objective. The premise of this theory is that the world is a system that comprises of many parts that tend to relate to one another; each part plays a crucial role for the survival of the entire system.
Theories Paper [Name] [Course Title] [University] [Instructor Name] [Date] THEORIES PAPER/ 303 Implementation embodies different meanings and forms in different cultures and institutional framework. This point is of special importance in an era in which the policies and processes of “government” have inevitably converted into those of “governance”.
Introduction Economic deals with study of human nature hence most theories in economic are based on the nature of humans. Adam Smith and Karl Marx are considered as the greatest economists of their time, in fact Smith is regarded as the father of modern economics (Skousen, 3).
This is a theory that punctuated most of his writing in the book, the Prince. In this book, Machiavelli said that in politics, the political would do anything to acquire power no matter the cost of what they are doing. Political manipulation and reckless ruthlessness has been the reference of the word Machiavelli in the contemporary context.
The relationship between theory and research will also be looked into; and how research contributes to the development. Conclusions and recommendation will be drawn from the data collected throughout the research project.
Although it was viewed as such by the European society, the book remained to be the most controversial in reference to ruling over a society. The book talks about power and the necessary steps in maintaining that power. (http://www.loyno.edu/seduffy/renaissance.html, Nov.
The circumstances in which he wrote the book were not particularly favourable and the book was misunderstood with the ongoing conflicts and prevailing confusion of the day. He was well aware that he was plunging into a controversial subject which might be attacked by many and would give him a bad name.
According to the report “The Prince” includes theoretical interpretation of the role of a ruler, and gives practical advice how to keep power and maintain strict control. At the beginning of the 21st century, recommendations and pieces of advice given 5 centuries ago are still of vital importance, because the qualities of a leader are universal and cannot be influence by regime.
The conclusion from this review states what it also reveals is not a man obsessed with power at all cost, but instead a man that held considerably moderate views on governance that found himself in a situation where he felt plain speaking and controversial advice could be used to his own benefit.
most of his works, Machiavelli explored the many ways in which a leader ought to conduct themselves and the values and characteristics that they should possess. Machiavelli never passed on an opportunity to live up to his philosophy whenever he got the opportunity. In The
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