Q.2 Child Welfare Agencies The term child abuse encompasses any kind of physical or emotional mistreatment of children. It can happen in any place that is associated with a child like home, school or community. The non government and statutory child welfare organizations play an important role for care and protection of children…
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A child can develop well only when he gets proper education and health care facilities. Well-being of children can be assured only when the society has the ability to protect the rights of its children and safeguard them from injury and abuse (Jack & Gill, 2010, p.82). Child welfare agencies are formed for protection of children and their all round development. These agencies make their decisions regarding their child protection policies about permanent well-being of children. These decisions are based on interviews taken of children and families who have been reported for child abuse or neglect. The efficiency of child welfare policies depends on the ability of the agencies to conduct proper investigations of the mistreatment received by the child. Only precise conclusions about safety of children derived from the information collected from such investigations can build effective case plans. Workers of these agencies who take the responsibilities of taking interviews of children must have the knowledge and skills to make emotional inquiries in a sensitive manner. The agencies should be able to impart necessary values and knowledge to their workers through effective training in order to fulfill their child safety missions (Pence, 2011, p.50). Over the past three decades the philosophy and strategies of determining whether intervention is necessary in situations where a child is abused or has the potential risk of being harmed or injured have altered. The traditional method of child maltreatment investigations which involved participation of criminal and juvenile laws has evolved. Now, there are more “understanding of risk and safety, political pressures, implementation of evidence-based and research-supported interventions, philosophical shifts, and other variables” (Pence, 2011, p.51). Where traditionally the agency workers used to take action based on complaints of abuse, now take necessary steps to collect correct information regarding the truth and extent of maltreatment and what case plans should be made to ensure the safety of the children and promote protective behavioral patterns in the caretakers (Pence, 2011, p.51). There are many factors that determine the shape of child welfare services – the number of children in a population who are abused or are at risk, the social and economic conditions of the families and their technological advancement, prevailing ideologies concerning the children and the other members of their families, political pressure from different groups, and the principal views about reasons behind poverty, illness and crime. One criteria that is a permanent issue of child welfare agencies is to find solution to problems of those children whose parents cannot provide proper care. Although the proposed solution is “permanency planning”, history suggests that such planning cannot abolish the need of wide-ranging public provisions for children who are poor, neglected or disabled (Mallon & Hess, 2005, p.10). The rate of child abuse has grown significantly all over the world and is essentially evident in North America and Western Europe. Between the years 1980 to 1993, the number of children who have been subject to mistreatment has doubled. This is a grave matter which has imposed great strains on the child welfare age
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The paper looks at Kobin's analysis of the relationship between child abuse and anthropology. It goes on to identify the various techniques and tools used by parents and the social services to prevent child abuse. The next writer argues that child abuse by parents and guardians are prompted by substance abuse, mental illness, domestic violence and child behavior.
The author states that childs that are a subject to sexual abuse are often unaware of the fact that they have been harassed as they do not understand sexual abuse and sexual behaviors. Often it is seen that child who has been a victim of sexual abuse does not disclose his abuse because he feels guilty and embarrassed.
Child abuse can also be as neglecting to provide a child with a need that can lead to that child being affected negatively. For example, if a guardian ignores to provide basic elementary education, then that parent has
As the report stresses child abuse affects not only the victims but all sections of the society who are linked with them and it creates lasting personality disorders and psychological problems in the whole life of the abused. As a result there have been many steps undertaken by various organizations.
In every country of the world child abusing is happening every day. In some countries the rate of child abusing is less and in some countries it is extreme. This system of abusing is not a modern problem; it took place in our society from the ancient age.
Though some high profile care center abuse cases exist, a parent or live-in family member perpetrates the overwhelming number of cases. The ability to predict the situation where abuse is likely to occur is a major aid in the early intervention and prevention of abuse.
. There is a misplaced perception among the masses that child abuse is only sexual in nature. But emotional neglect of the child's needs and desires by parents or guardians also constitutes child abuse. Childhood is very fragile and emotionally sensitive in nature.
This paper helps in understanding child's current actions and intentions of life. Being able to make life a little easier for adults who have been abused through counseling is not only good for the adults but also good for society as a whole.
35 Introduction: According to statistics, one in twenty children, between the age of 11 and 17, face some sort of sexual abuse in their lifetime (NSPCC, 2011). In the UK, of the total 3234 children, enrolled under the child protection plan, were known to have suffered from some sort of sexual abuse as on March, 2010, whereby 2200 of these children belonged to England and 202 children, were from Scotland.
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