World Englishes in Composition & Applied Linguistics (Chapters Presentation) - Essay Example

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The chapter expounded and differentiated the three components of language such as intelligibility, comprehensibility and interpretability in a more detailed and extensive manner through the use of definitions of terms, presentation of examples, and citations from authoritative sources of secondary information…
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World Englishes in Composition & Applied Linguistics (Chapters Presentation)
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As revealed, “it is at least highly unlikely that any two speakers pronounce the same word the same way, or even that the same speaker ever pronounces the same word the same way again” (Nelson, 2011, p. 29). Using definitions and examples, the terms were differentiated as follows:
Intelligibility “comprises those features of phonetics and phonology that we
need in order, first, to recognize the language we are hearing, and then to apprehend the phrases and words that will provide comprehension and apprehension of intentions” (Nelson, 2011, p. 32);
Here are various examples:
1. Intelligible: there are countries that opt to use different vocabularies to refer the same thing but could be easily understood; therefore, are intelligible:
“In England you live in a block of flats, take the underground and go on holiday. In the United States, you live in an apartment house, take the subway and go on vacation” (Dimitrova, n.d.)
2. Unintelligible:
“Ulster Scots:
"Ey boy, whers tha wife the day ?"
"ah... shi'll b back air at home wi tha waynes !"
English Translation:
"Hey mate, wheres your wife today ?"
"Aha, she'll be back there at home with the children."” (Ulster Scots, 2012)
Lesson: To be mutually intelligible, “even though native speakers of English vary in their use of the language, their various languages are similar enough in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar to permit mutual intelligibility. . . . Hence, speaking the 'same language' does not depend on two speakers speaking identical languages, but only very similar languages" (Adrian Akmajian, Richard Demers, Ann Farmer, and Robert Harnish, Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication. MIT Press, 2001; cited in Nordquist, 2012, par. 3). Comprehensibility “involves the capacity to assign meanings (readings, componential understanding, and other terms may be used) to what we hear and read, and, conversely, to choose the elements that will most nearly express our intentions” (Nelson, 2011, p. 34); Examples of situations explaining comprehensibility: 1. Generational gaps through the experience noted in the movie Lethal Weapon 3, where the response of Murtaugh’s son Nick on his statement “Hey, Nick. … Be good” noting “word” to mean “casual affirmation” (Nelson, 2011, p. 36) was misunderstood due to “generational divide, so they do not know what Nick “means by that,” though they of course recognize the word as such” (Nelson, 2011, p. 36). 2. Use of familiar vocabularies particular to a culture, where ““the capsicum” in Australia meant “bell pepper” or “green pepper” (Nelson, 2011, p. 36). Interpretability “refers to the recognition by the hearer/reader of the intent of purpose of an utterance, i.e., the perlocutionary effect the speaker/writer is aiming at” (Y. Kachru and Smith, 2008, p. 63; cited in (Nelson, 2011, p. 37). Example: The excerpts from the poem by William Stafford would have been completely misinterpreted if the title and the context were not provided. The verses were initially perceived to be about love; when Read More
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